Newchapel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about a village in Staffordshire. For other places called Newchapel, see Newchapel (disambiguation).
Newchapel
Newchapel is located in Staffordshire
Newchapel
Newchapel
 Newchapel shown within Staffordshire
OS grid reference SJ863546
District Newcastle-under-Lyme
Shire county Staffordshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STOKE-ON-TRENT
Postcode district ST7
Dialling code 01782
Police Staffordshire
Fire Staffordshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Staffordshire Moorlands
List of places
UK
England
Staffordshire

Coordinates: 53°05′19″N 2°12′21″W / 53.0885°N 2.2058°W / 53.0885; -2.2058

Newchapel is a hamlet in the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme, close to Kidsgrove in Staffordshire, England.

Newchapel was originally named Thursfield. It was mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 as Turvoldesfeld. After the Reformation in the 17th century the land reverted to private ownership, the new owner built a stone Chapel and the village was renamed Newchapel.

From 1894 to 1904 Newchapel formed part of Wolstanton Rural District. After re-organisation of boundaries, from 1904 to 1974 it was part of Kidsgrove Urban District; following the Local Government Act 1972, it was absorbed into the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme.

Newchapel was served by a railway station (shared with Goldenhill), Newchapel and Goldenhill on the Potteries Loop, which was opened by the North Staffordshire Railway on 1 October 1874 and closed on 2 March 1964.

The canal engineer James Brindley (1716 – 27 September 1772) died at his Turnhurst estate in Newchapel, within sight of his unfinished Harecastle Tunnel. On 30 September 1772, just nine days after the completion of his Birmingham Canal, he was buried in the churchyard of Newchapel; the present church, St. James, is dedicated to his memory. The grave is marked by a bronze plaque.[1]

During the excavation work for the first Harecastle Tunnel, large amounts of coal were discovered underground. This led to the development, initially by the Duke of Bridgewater and then by Robert Heath and Sons of a significant mining and coal by-products works known as Birchenwood.[2] Growing from the Birchenwood Colliery Company founded in 1893, this was the largest industrial site that the Newchapel area has ever known and provided employment for several thousand people in its heyday. Newchapel as seen today was born as a result of the success of Birchenwood, and the first houses built were to provide homes for the workers and their families.[3]

Notable People from Newchapel[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St James Church, Newchapel - History Page". Churchonhill.org.uk. 1957-09-06. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  2. ^ "harriseahead.com". harriseahead.com. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  3. ^ "birchenwoodhistory". Btinternet.com. 1913-04-23. Archived from the original on 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2011-12-01. [dead link]

External links[edit]