Newport, Kentucky

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Newport, Kentucky
City
Monmouth Street Historic District
Monmouth Street Historic District
Location of Newport, Kentucky
Location of Newport, Kentucky
Coordinates: 39°5′19″N 84°29′25″W / 39.08861°N 84.49028°W / 39.08861; -84.49028Coordinates: 39°5′19″N 84°29′25″W / 39.08861°N 84.49028°W / 39.08861; -84.49028
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Campbell
Area
 • Total 3.0 sq mi (7.7 km2)
 • Land 2.7 sq mi (7.0 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 512 ft (156 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,273
 • Density 6,267.8/sq mi (2,420.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 41071-41072
Area code(s) 859
FIPS code 21-55884
GNIS feature ID 0499438
Website www.newportky.gov
The Campbell County Courthouse in Newport, Kentucky

Newport is a 3rd-class city at the confluence of the Ohio and Licking rivers in Campbell County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 15,273 at the 2010 census. Historically, it was one of four county seats of Campbell County.[1] Newport is part of the Cincinnati Metropolitan Area, which includes over 2 million inhabitants.

History[edit]

Newport was settled c. 1791 by James Taylor Jr. on land purchased by his father James Sr. from George Muse, who received it as a grant.[why?] It was not named for its position on the river but for Christopher Newport, the commander of the first ship to reach Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607.[2] Newport was established as a town on December 14, 1795, and incorporated as a city on February 24, 1834.[2] In 1803, the Ft. Washington military post was moved from Cincinnati to become the Newport Barracks. A bridge first connected Newport to Covington in 1853,[3] and the first bridge spanning the Ohio River to Cincinnati, the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge, opened in 1866. Newport experienced large German immigration in the 1880-90s.[4]

By 1900, Newport was the third largest city in Kentucky, after Covington and Louisville, although Newport and Covington were rightly considered satellites of Cincinnati.[5]

Newport once had the reputation of "Sin City" due to its upscale gambling casinos on Monmouth street.[6] Monmouth also had many men's stores, nice restaurants, and ice cream parlors.[6] Investigations for racketeering pushed out the casinos, which were replaced by peep shows and adult strip clubs.[6] Many of the old businesses disappeared when parking became difficult on Monmouth Street and the commercial district opened on the hill of south Newport.[6]

A garage at 938 John Street manufacturing illegal fireworks exploded without warning in 1981, leaving severe damage up to a six-block radius.[7]

In the 1980s and 1990s, Newport made plans to develop its riverfront and core to focus primarily on "family friendly" tourism, instead of the "Sin City" tourism of the past. In May 1999 the $40-million Newport Aquarium opened, and the historic Posey Flats apartments were leveled in favor of the Newport on the Levee entertainment complex, which opened the following year.

In 1997 plans were announced for a 1,015-foot (309 m) structure called the "Millennium Tower" were revealed.[8] The tower's main selling point was that building it would be financed by private money, as opposed to taxpayer money.[8] The tower was expected to be completed by 2003,[9] but investors later pulled out and no construction was done. Today the site for the tower is a parking lot next to the World Peace Bell.

Today, Newport is becoming the entertainment community of the fast-growing Northern Kentucky area while its neighboring cities--Bellevue and Covington—become the business centers.[10]

County seat[edit]

Newport was the county seat of Campbell County from 1797 until 1823, and again from 1824 until 1840.[11] In the 19th century, the overwhelming majority of the population lived in Newport and the surrounding cities. Many citizens did not like traveling south to Alexandria to conduct county business, as southern Campbell County was primarily undeveloped.

In 1883, Newport successfully lobbied the state legislature for an exception to state law, which both required that a county seat be located in the center of the county, and that certain county business only be conducted at the county seat. Frankfort passed a special law, creating the Newport Court House District, and within that district, the Newport Courthouse Commission which functioned as a special taxing district, so that an additional courthouse could be built, and business could take place in Newport, in addition to Alexandria. In 2008, the Kentucky General Assembly removed the taxing authority from the Courthouse Commission, but left the District and Commission intact.

The Daniel Carter Beard Bridge is more commonly called the "Big Mac" bridge because of its resemblance to McDonald's iconic arches.

The special Courthouse Commission legislation has led to a misconception that Newport was also a county seat, and that Campbell County was dual-seated. However, a recent court ruling clarified that, indeed, Alexandria is the only county seat, and Newport is not a county seat.[12] It explained that "In 1840, pursuant to an act of the Kentucky Legislature, the county seat, then located at Newport, was established at Alexandria. No evidence has been presented to this court that this formal designation of Alexandria as the county seat of Campbell County has ever changed. Evidence provided by the Defendants that Newport is considered a county seat or one of two county seats by historians, encyclopedias (editor's note: Wikipedia was cited in this case by the Defendants) and government agencies is based upon practical realities of how county government and the court system have functioned, pursuant to law, in Campbell County for the past 150 years. However, none of the special acts related to the Newport Court House District ever designated Newport as the county seat."

Geography[edit]

Newport is located at 39°5′19″N 84°29′25″W / 39.08861°N 84.49028°W / 39.08861; -84.49028 (39.088661, -84.490206).[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), of which 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (8.42%) is water.

Newport is located within the Bluegrass region found in the Upland South of the United States of America. Newport is also commonly referred to as being located in the Midwest. Either description of Upland South or Midwest is acceptable, as Newport is located at the boundary between those regions.

Climate[edit]

Newport is located within a transition zone and is proximal to the extreme northern limit of the humid subtropical climate of the Southeastern United States.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 106
1810 413 289.6%
1830 715
1850 5,895
1860 10,046 70.4%
1870 15,087 50.2%
1880 20,433 35.4%
1890 24,918 21.9%
1900 28,301 13.6%
1910 30,309 7.1%
1920 29,317 −3.3%
1930 29,744 1.5%
1940 30,631 3.0%
1950 31,044 1.3%
1960 30,070 −3.1%
1970 25,998 −13.5%
1980 21,587 −17.0%
1990 18,871 −12.6%
2000 17,048 −9.7%
2010 15,273 −10.4%

As of the census[14] of 2010, there were 15,273 people, 6,194 households, and 3,273 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,267.8 inhabitants per square mile (2,420.0/km²). There were 7,828 housing units at an average density of 2,878.0 per square mile (1,111.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.3% White, 7.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, less than 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 6,194 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.7% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.2% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,451, and the median income for a family was $32,858. Males had a median income of $29,337 versus $22,723 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,207. About 20.7% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.1% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

East Row Historic District, Newport, Kentucky
Newport's waterfront
Entrance to Newport Aquarium

Landmarks[edit]

Landmarks lost[edit]

Education[edit]

Newport Public Schools are part of the Newport Independent Schools School District. The district has one elementary school, one intermediate school, one middle school, and one high school.[17]

Economy[edit]

Local TV is based in Newport.

The Newport Business Association is a trade association focusing on collaboration between local companies. It holds monthly networking and informational meetings.

Notable people[edit]

Media[edit]

A pivotal scene (in which the autistic character Raymond Babbitt counts the toothpicks) in the 1988 film Rain Man was filmed in Newport at Pompilio's Italian restaurant.[19][20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Newport, Kentucky". Accessed 4 September 2013.
  3. ^ Barker, Thomas et al (Oct 10, 2008). Wicked Newport. The History Press. p. 7. Retrieved 2013-05-07. 
  4. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1996). The WPA Guide to Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. p. 247. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Shevitz, Amy (2007). Jewish Communities on the Ohio River: A History. University Press of Kentucky. p. 143. 
  6. ^ a b c d Hughes, John (January 6, 2000). "For Whom the Bell Tolls". City Beat. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  7. ^ Newport Fire/EMS History Timeline City of Newport. Retrieved 2013-03-11.
  8. ^ a b Ramos, Steve (August 10, 2000). "The Return of Newport's Erection". City Beat. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  9. ^ Flynn, Terry (August 8, 2000). "More than money needed for tower". Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  10. ^ Jeffrey McMurray, Associated Press (2007-07-07). "Cities divide to conquer growth". Lexington Herald-Leader/Kentucky.com. Retrieved 2007-07-08. [dead link]
  11. ^ Alexandria and Newport Courthouses, Campbell County Historian Jim Reis
  12. ^ Judge: Alexandria the only county seat, The Kentucky Enquirer, 2009-05-12. Accessed 2009-05-28.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ http://www.cincinnati.com/local/newport/E130html_07292003__GNNBDsouthgate.ART_Other.html
  16. ^ http://www.cincinnatimemory.org/gsdl/collect/greaterc/archives/HASH3e36/894a6018.dir/ocp000326pccpc.jpg
  17. ^ "Newport Independent School District". Newport Independent School District. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  18. ^ Gary Bauer's Moral Dilemma Mother Jones. Retrieved 2013-03-11.
  19. ^ Film Locations for Rain Man Retrieved 2013-03-11.
  20. ^ Kiesewetter, John (May 16, 2013). "'Rain Man' put Cincinnati on film-world map". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 

External links[edit]