Newport (Cornwall) (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency|
|for the House of Commons|
|Number of members||Two|
Newport was a rotten borough situated in Cornwall. It is now the suburb of Newport within the town of Launceston, which was itself also a parliamentary borough at the same period. It is also referred to as Newport Iuxta Launceston, to distinguish it from other constituencies named Newport.
From 1529 until it was abolished by the great reform act of 1832, Newport returned two Members of Parliament. Until the early 18th century, the right to vote was held by all inhabitants paying scot and lot, but subsequently it was converted to a burgage franchise, meaning that the right to vote was tied to ownership of certain properties within the borough, which could be bought and sold at will. This reduced the number of qualified voters: under the scot and lot qualification around 70 people had had the right to vote, but by 1831 the number was only about 12.
The borough had a population of 595 in 1831. The Lord of the Manor, owning extensive property within the borough and with the effective power of choosing both members of parliament, was the Duke of Northumberland.
By the Reform Act, Newport was abolished as a separate borough, but the boundaries of Launceston were extended to include Newport. As Launceston's representation was halved by the same measure, the combined borough was thereafter represented by a single MP whereas previously there had been four members.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created 1529
- Hasler 1981.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-11-02.
- Killigrew was also elected for Penryn, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Newport
- Maynard was also elected for Totnes, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Newport
- Morice was also elected for Plymouth, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Newport
- Pole was also elected for Honiton, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Newport
- Morice was also elected for Launceston, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Newport
- Created a baronet as Sir John Coghill in March 1781
- Appointed judge and resigned, December 1830. Replaced by Sir Henry Hardinge
- D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary History of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- Hasler, P W. (1981), "Newport Iuxta Launceston, Borough", in Hasler, P.W., The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, Boydell and Brewer
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988)
- J. E. Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- J. Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by F. W. S. Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
- Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. p. 1.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Goring, J.J. (1982), "Newport Iuxta Launceston, Borough", in Bindoff, S.T., Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, Boydell and Brewer