Newport Transporter Bridge
|Newport Transporter Bridge|
The gondola crossing the bridge.
|Official name||Newport Transporter Bridge|
|Carries||Motor vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians including buses and multi sized lorries.|
|Maintained by||Newport City Council|
|Total length||645 feet (196.6111 m)|
|Width||Three cars (gondola)
(total width 108 ft / 33 m)
|Longest span||594 feet (181 m)|
|Opened||12 September 1906|
|Toll||Cyclists and pedestrians - 50p
Cars - £1
The Newport Transporter Bridge (Welsh: Pont Gludo Casnewydd) is a transporter bridge that crosses the River Usk in Newport, South Wales. The bridge is the lowest crossing on the River Usk. It is a Grade I listed structure. The transporter bridge is very rare, with only eight remaining in use worldwide.
Reason for the Transporter design
The design was chosen because the river banks are very low at the desired crossing point (a few miles south of the city centre) where an ordinary bridge would need a very long approach ramp to attain sufficient height to allow ships to pass under, and a ferry could not be used during low tide at the site.
The height of the towers is 242 feet (74 m) and the height of the horizontal beam above the road is 177 feet (54 m). The transporter platform or gondola travels the 645 feet (196.6 m) between the towers at ten feet (three metres) per second, powered from the engine room. This Transporter Bridge is the largest of the eight which remain worldwide, and the oldest of its type in Britain.
Note: It is considered the largest transporter bridge in limited terms only. When compared with Middlesbrough's Transporter Bridge the Newport Transporter is: 16 feet (5 m) taller; but 200 feet (62 m) less in total deck span (discounting the anchor cables which, as with a ship, is technically part of the object but does not contribute to its overall length); and utilizes approx. 1400 tons of steel compared to 2600 tons for Middlesbrough's Transporter (this weight of steel takes no account of concrete foundations or concrete anchors).
Today, the bridge is widely regarded as the most recognisable symbol of the city of Newport.
The bridge forms part of the classified highway network and is also where route 4 of the National Cycle Network crosses the River Usk and route 47 begins.
It was the focal point of the local millennium celebrations of 2000, where fireworks were fired from its length, and has been featured in several movies and television shows. It was the centre-piece of the Crow Point Festival in September 2006 to celebrate its centenary. It is used for charity events such as sponsored abseils.
Travel across the bridge is 50p for cyclists and pedestrians, the fare for cars (as of March 2013) being £1. The walkway across the top of the bridge structure is open to the public on most operating days and bank holidays. A Day Visitor ticket giving access to high level walkway and motor house is £2.50 or £1.50 for concessions and children.
The bridge was shut down in 1985 because of wear and tear. Following a £3 million refurbishment, it reopened in 1995. Service was suspended again in December 2008 with the bridge facing a £2 million repair bill. £1.225 million was spent on refurbishment, financed by grants from the Welsh Assembly, Newport Council and Cadw. It re-opened on 30 July 2010.
The bridge was closed on 16 February 2011, because of operational problems, but re-opened again on 4 June.
Appearances in popular media
The bridge provided the setting for some scenes in the 1959 British crime drama film Tiger Bay and also featured in an early scene in the 1972 experimental film The Other Side of the Underneath by Jane Arden which was reissued on DVD and Blu-ray by the British Film Institute in 2009.
Newport Transporter Bridge Visitor Centre
The Visitor Centre is located on the west bank and features exhibits about the history of the bridge, its construction and other transporter bridges around the world. The centre is open on the weekend.
- Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge - a similar bridge in the North East of England
- Transporter bridge - a summary of transporter bridges in general
- List of bridges in Wales
- "City transporter bridge centenary". Newport: BBC News. 12 September 2006. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- http://books.google.com/books?id=lofVAAAAMAAJ&dq=%22transporter%20bridge%22%20%22popular%20mechanics%22&pg=RA1-PA60#v=onepage&q=&f=false Popular mechanics magazine: written ... - Google Books[full citation needed]
- "Nine historic buildings get £385k". Newport: BBC Wales News. 13 January 2009. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- "Transporter Bridge to re-open". Newport: South Wales Argus. 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
- Transporter Bridge at newport.gov.uk
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Newport Transporter Bridge.|
- Friends of Newport Transporter Bridge
- Photo Gallery
- Newport Transport Bridge Visitor Centre
- On Google Maps
- Crow Point Festival – Celebrating the centenary of the Transporter Bridge
- Newport Transporter Bridge at Structurae
- Ferdinand's Flying Ferry - Newport Transporter Bridge - Your questions answered
- Newport City Council web site
- BBC Wales panoramic view of NTB
- A collection of photographs, documents and plans relating to the construction of the Newport Transporter Bridge, 1902-06
- http://www.newport.gov.uk/_dc/index.cfm?fuseaction=transporter.homepage Local council page on the transporter bridge.