Newstead House, Brisbane

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Newstead House
Newstead House.jpg
Newstead House
Former names Newstead
General information
Type Detached house
Architectural style Victorian
Location On the northern bank of the Brisbane River at its junction with Breakfast Creek
Address Corner Newstead Ave and Breakfast Creek Road, Newstead
Town or city Brisbane
Country Australia
Coordinates 27°26′34″S 153°02′46″E / 27.4427°S 153.0462°E / -27.4427; 153.0462Coordinates: 27°26′34″S 153°02′46″E / 27.4427°S 153.0462°E / -27.4427; 153.0462
Construction started 1846
Renovated 1865, cica 1900
Owner Newstead House Board of Trustees
Website
http://www.newsteadhouse.com.au
Newstead House Board of Trustees
BrisbaneNewsteadHouseA12Oct06.JPG
Newstead House seen from the east
Established 1939
Website http://www.newsteadhouse.com.au

Newstead House is Brisbane’s oldest surviving residence and is located on the Breakfast Creek bank of the Brisbane River, in the northern Brisbane suburb of Newstead, in Queensland, Australia.[1] Built as a small cottage in the Colonial-Georgian style in 1846, the cottage was extended and today is painted and furnished in a late Victorian style.[1] [2]

Newstead House is the oldest surviving home in Brisbane, but not the oldest surviving building, built in 1846, for Patrick Leslie and his wife Catherine (née McArthur).[3] In 1847 he sold Newstead House to his brother-in-law (married to Anna McArthur),[3] the Police Magistrate and Government Resident.[4]

History[edit]

Newstead House is said to have taken its name from Newstead Abbey, Nottinghamshire, England,[5] a former Augustinian priory which became the Byron family home.[6]

The property was referred to as Newstead until it left the possession of J.C. Wickham in 1859 after which it became known as Newstead House.[7]

Newstead house was built as a residence by Brisbane's first architect and builder Andrew Petrie for fellow Scottish settler Patrick Leslie; it was soon acquired by Captain John Wickham. Then it was leased to Attorney-General Ratcliffe Pring. It was later leased, then sold, then leased again to merchant and Member of the Queensland Legislative Council George Harris. George Harris and his wife Jane (nee Thorn) lived in the house for 27 years.[8] The Lysaght Brothers bought the property in March 1898 with the intention to demolish the house and build a factory that produced iron and rabbit-proof wire fencing.[9] These plans to establish a factory at the property were abandoned due to the downturn in the agricultural sector.[9]

It was purchased by the Brisbane City Council in 1918 and was the residence of the superintendent of their council parks. The Council leased part of the property to the Historical Society of Queensland in 1934 and it was used to store historical records. In 1939, the Queensland Parliament created a Trust[10] and ownership was transferred to the Newstead House Trust.

Australian-American War Memorial in Newstead House grounds, 2011

The building was occupied by American troops during World War II. There is an Australian-American War Memorial in the grounds in memory of this. It was dedicated on 3 May 1952 by the Queensland Governor, Sir John Lavarack. [11][12][13][14]

Other than the war-time occupation it was operated as a museum and research library by the Historical Society of Queensland (now known as the Royal Historical Society of Queensland) until 1973[15] when they moved to the Commissariat Store.[1][2][16]

Newstead House is now a museum. It is open to the public, and concerts are sometimes held at the house and grounds.

Newstead House is now maintained by the Newstead House Board of Trustees assisted the Friends of Newstead, a volunteer group who also organise various events to attract visitors.[1] Newstead Park is still managed and maintained by the Brisbane City Council.

Heritage listing[edit]

Newstead House was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register in 1992.[17]

Newstead Park[edit]

Newstead Park is a significant historic park.[18]

The land originally formed a part of the land purchased by Patrick Leslie in 1845 on which he built Newstead House.[18]

Newstead House - side view

In the 1920s the Brisbane City Council constructed an electrical substation for its tramway system in the grounds of the House. Since the closure of the tram system in 1969 the substation was purchased by the Newstead House Board of Trustees and has been used as a Resource Centre and offices for management staff.

In May each year the park is host to the commemoration of the Battle of the Coral Sea.[19]

A playspace featuring an "Alice through the Looking Glass" theme has been developed by the Brisbane City Council is located on the southern side of the park, near Newstead Avenue.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Trent Dalton, "Grand residence", Brisbane News, 20 November 2002, p 16, Nationwide News Pty Limited via factiva accessed 7 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Newstead House (entry 15040)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. 
  3. ^ a b New South Wales fdRegistrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages
  4. ^ "BRISBANE'S HISTORIC HOMES.". The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866-1939) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 16 January 1930. p. 50. Retrieved 9 February 2011. 
  5. ^ Newstead, Place name details (database online), Property, titles and valuations, Department of Environment and Resource Management, Government of Queensland accessed 7 September 2011.
  6. ^ "Newstead Abbey" in Daniel Hahn and Nicholas Robins (eds), The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (Oxford University Press, 2009) via Oxford Reference Online, Oxford University Press accessed 7 September 2011.
  7. ^ A. G. Davies, "Significance of 'Newstead', oldest residence in Brisbane", (1940) The Historical Society of Queensland Journal Vol. 3 no. 2, pp 57-66, ISSN 1837-8366, Brisbane, Queensland.
  8. ^ "History and Virtual Tour". The Newstead House Trust. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Gregory, Helen; Dianne Mclay (2010). Building Brisbane's History: Structure, Sculptures, Stories and Secrets. Warriewood, New South Wales: Woodslane Press. p. 132. ISBN 9781921606199. 
  10. ^ Queensland Parliament legislation
  11. ^ Australian American War memorial, Newstead Park. Your Brisbane: Past and Present. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  12. ^ Brisbane Brisbane Luxury Cruises. Retrieved 16 March 2013
  13. ^ "Australian-American Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  14. ^ "MEMORIAL TO U.S. UNVEILED TO-DAY.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 3 May 1952. p. 3. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  15. ^ Cook, Penny (2006). Discover Queensland Heritage. Corinda, Queensland: Pictorial Press Australia. p. 35. ISBN 1876561424. 
  16. ^ F. E. Lord (16 January 1930). "Brisbane's historic homes. 1. Newstead.". The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). p. 50. Retrieved 7 September 2011. 
  17. ^ "Newstead House (entry 15040)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  18. ^ a b "Welcome to the Historic Newstead House". Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  19. ^ "Statutory authorities reporting to the Minister for Environment Annual Report 04 – 05 - Board of Trustees of Newstead House". Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on 2008-08-02. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Greenwood, G. and Laverty, J., "Brisbane 1859-1959 A History of Local Government", Brisbane City Council, Brisbane, 1959.
  • Steer, G. R., "Brisbane Tramways: Their History and Development", Historical Society of Queensland Journal, Vol 3, No 3.

External links[edit]