São Tomé fiscal
|São Tomé fiscal|
|Illustration (lower bird) with Lanius marwitzi (above)|
Barboza du Bocage, 1891
|Distribution of the São Tomé fiscal|
The São Tomé fiscal or Newton's fiscal (Lanius newtoni) is a species of bird in the Laniidae family. It is endemic to São Tomé and Príncipe. It is 20 to 21 centimeters long. The bird is black above with a white shoulder-scapular bar. The São Tomé fiscal has a yellow chin, breast, belly, flanks vent and under tail. Its graduated tail has all black central tail feathers and an increasing amount of white on outer web from inner to outer tail feathers. The Lanius newtoni has a clear voice with a whistle tiuh tiuh often repeated and metallic tsink tsink audible over a long distance.
The species lives on the island of São Tomé and is usually found under closed canopy. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.
Due to habitat loss, it now lives in a government-protected forest to help its endangerment problem. It is one of the 168 species considered to be a critically endangered bird, which means it has a fifty percent chance of becoming extinct within the next five years. In 2008 it made the Rare Birds yearbook.
- BirdLife International Species factsheet: Lanius newtoni 2008. 29 April 2009. 
- Archive Images of Life on Earth: Lanius newtoni. 20 April 2009. 
- Species Guardian Action Update: Global Sponsor of the BirdLife Preventing Extinctions Program Dwarf Olive Ibis Bostrychiabocagei Sao Tome Fiscal Lanius newtoni Sao Tome Grosbeak Neospiza concolor. February 2009. 29 April 2009. 
- Gulf of Guinea Biodiversity Network Ornithology. Threats to the avifauna of São Tomé e Príncipe. 29 April 2009. 
- Critically endangered birds. 29 April 2009. 
- Rare Birds Yearbook 2008. 29 April 2009. 
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