Newton, Derbyshire

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Coordinates: 53°07′48″N 1°20′28″W / 53.130°N 1.341°W / 53.130; -1.341

Newton
Newton - George & Dragon.jpg
George & Dragon
Newton is located in Derbyshire
Newton
Newton
 Newton shown within Derbyshire
Population 4,163 for Blackwell Parish (Census 2001)
OS grid reference SK4459
    - London 123 mi (198 km)  
Civil parish Blackwell
District Bolsover
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ALFRETON
Postcode district DE55
Dialling code 01773
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Bolsover
Website http://www.blackwellpc.org.uk/
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Newton is a village in the Bolsover district of Derbyshire, England. It lies about a mile south of Tibshelf.

Not to be confused with...[edit]

Newton is the commonest placename in England, there being 87 in total.[1]

Locally, Newton is not to be confused with:

For other Wikipedia articles using the word Newton, please see Newton.

Governance[edit]

Newton is one of the four villages (wards) that make up the civil parish of Blackwell - the other villages being Blackwell, Hilcote, and Westhouses. The Parish Council has twelve members across the four wards[2] and meets monthly.

The civil parish of Blackwell is part of the shire district of Bolsover. The parish is represented by two councillors on Bolsover District Council.[3]

The shire district of Bolsover is part of the shire county of Derbyshire. The parish is represented by one councillor on Derbyshire County Council,[4] although the electoral division covers South Normanton East and Tibshelf as well as Blackwell.

Blackwell civil parish forms part of the Bolsover parliamentary constituency. The MP currently (2010) is Dennis Skinner, who was elected MP in the 1970 general election. He has held the seat ever since.

History[edit]

Some of the main events in Newton's history are listed in the table below, in date order. The final column provides the source of the information about each event.

Newton - Historical Timeline
Year Event Source
1085 Domesday Book records “Blackwelle and Neutone Leuric with Levenot”. [5]
1554
Alternative text
Newton (Old) Hall in 2003.jpg
Record of Old Newton Hall.
[5]
1577 Report of George & Dragon ale house. [5]
1600
Alternative text
Red Barn Bell Pits in 2009.jpg
Coal-mining in bell-pit style.
[5]
1754 Jedediah Strutt invented “Derby Rib” process for cloth manufacture. See Notable People section.
1868 First deep mine at Tibshelf “Bottom Pit” and associated housing at Sherwood Street, Bamford Street, Main Street and New Street. [5] and[6]
1886 Opening of Tibshelf & Newton railway station. [7]
1893 Opening of Great Central Railway line. [7]
1894 Blackwell Parish Council first meeting. [5]
1898
Alternative text
Newton old school in 2010.jpg
School opened in former Newton Chapel.
[5]
1902 Post office opens. [5]
1904
Alternative text
Methodist Chapel in 2010
Primitive Methodist Chapel opens.
[8]
1908
Alternative text
Newton Primary School in 2010
Current Newton School opens.
[5]
1908 First police officer stationed in Newton on Wire Lane. [5]
1911 Gas main laid to Newton. [5]
1911 The "Coronation Palace” picture house opened. [5]
1919 Church hall (now Community Centre) opened. [5]
1920 First bus services. [5]
1930
Alternative text
Tibshelf & Newton Station in 2007
Closure of Tibshelf & Newton railway station.
[7]
1933 Tibshelf Bottom Pit closed. [6]
1937 Picture House re-opens as “The Metro”. [5]
1950 Building of “Charwood Crescent” housing estate. [5]
1963 Closure of Tibshelf Town railway station. [7]
1966 Closure of Great Central Railway line. [7]
1967 Opening of M1 motorway. [9]
1969 Building of “Hallfield Road” housing estate. [10]
1984–1985 Miners Strike. [11]
1986 Pavilion opened on sports field. [5]
1989 Opening of Five Pits Trail. Five Pits Trail
1992 Closure of Silverhill Colliery and associated rail link to Westhouses. [12]
1994
Alternative text
Newton - War Memorial and Community Centre in 2010
Community Centre opened (following purchase and renovation of former Church Hall by Parish Council).
[5]
1998 Opening of Tibshelf motorway services. [13]
2007
Alternative text
Newtonwood Lane Viaduct on Silverhill Trail in 2010
Opening of Silverhill Trail.
[14]

The table below shows how the number of shops and services in Newton has varied over the years. It is interesting to note that, in the early 1900s, Newton was almost self-sufficient. The number of shops in each category is shown in brackets.

Newton - Shops & Services Over the Years
1900[5] 1912[15] 1938[16] 1980 2010
General store & beer-off General store (9) General store (3) General store (3) General store
Post office & general store Post office & general store Post office & general store Post office & general store Post office & general store
Greengrocer Greengrocer Greengrocer
Draper Draper (2) Draper
General Dealer General Dealer
Herbalist
Carter (2) Fly proprietor
Hardware Hardware
Blacksmith Blacksmith
Boot maker
Shoe repairer Boot repairer Shoe repairer
Hosiery manufacture
Co-op (butchers, grocery, drapery) Co-op (butchers, grocery, drapery)
Butcher (2) Butcher (2) Butcher
Hairdresser (4) Hairdresser (3) Hairdresser (2)
Public house (2) Public house (2) Public house (3) Public house (3)
Institute & club Billiard hall
Cinema Cinema
Glass & china dealer
Confectioner Baker
Cycle dealer
Pawnbrokers
Newsagent (2) Newsagent
Chip shop (2) Chip shop
Chemist
Bookmaker
Coal merchant
Garage (repairs & petrol) Garage (repairs)
Craft shop
Carpet shop

Education[edit]

Places of Worship[edit]

The only church actually in Newton is the Methodist Church on Main Street.[19] The nearest Anglican church is St Werburgh's at Old Blackwell.[20] Of the original late 12th-century church, there remains but one pillar, in Transitional style, preserved on the inner face of the north wall. The tower dates from an 1828 rebuild, while the rest of the church is of 1878. In the porch is the stump of a Saxon cross.[21]

Leisure Facilities[edit]

For a village of its size, Newton is fairly well-served by leisure facilities. These include:

  • Children's playgrounds at Bamford Street, South Street and Town Lane.[5]
  • Sports field off Charnwood Crescent,[5] including a multi-use games area.[22]
  • Allotments off Newtonwood Lane and South Street.[5]
  • Alternative text
    Newton - New Inn
    Public houses: George & Dragon, New Inn offering weekend entertainment on a regular basis and Sherwood Street Club.
  • Group meetings at Community Centre, including Old Peoples Club, Women's Institute and Mothers Union.
  • Carnival events several times a year.[23]
  • Film showings at the Community Centre ("Cinema Newton") during the winter months.[22]

Transport[edit]

Roads

Newton is on the B6026 road, which effectively provides a link between the villages south-east of Chesterfield and junction 28 of the M1. The M1 passes immediately to the east of Newton, although there is no direct access to the motorway. The Tibshelf motorway service area has two service entries (northbound and southbound) onto Newtonwood Lane.

Bus Services

As at October 2010, there are commercial bus services during daytime on weekdays to Alfreton (half-hourly), Chesterfield (hourly) and Mansfield (hourly). Evening and Sunday services run less frequently and are subsidised by Derbyshire County Council.

Train Services

The local stations for Newton were closed in 1930 (Tibshelf & Newton) and in 1963 (Tibshelf Town). The nearest stations are now Alfreton, Chesterfield and Sutton Parkway.

Footpaths and Trails

Newton is linked to neighbouring villages by road-side pavements and public footpaths. Newton is close to the junction of the Five Pits Trail with the Silverhill Trail, which provide longer-distance recreational routes.

Notable People[edit]

Jedediah Strutt, one of the key people in the Industrial Revolution, has links with Newton. He was particularly involved in the development of mechanised clothing production, setting up mills in Belper and Milford that became the prototype for mills all over the world. Although it is certain that he was born, lived and worked in the Newton area, there is some confusion over exact locations:

  • Jedediah was born into a farming family in 1726 either in South Normanton[24] or Newton.[25]
  • In 1754 Jedediah Strutt inherited his uncle’s farm stock in Blackwell.[26]
  • Strutt's father (William) was a tenant of Newton Old Hall (on Cragg Lane.[27] Jedediah is said to have worked on his revolutionary stocking frame at the hall.[28]
  • In 1754, Jedediah is said to have lived "where the old folk's bungalows are now in Main Street".[10]
  • Jedediah Strutt married Elizabeth Woollat 25 September 1755 at Blackwell.[26]
  • Jedediah died in 1797 and was buried in Belper.[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Placenames of England". www.archive.org. p. 33. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  2. ^ "Contact Information". Blackwell Parish Council. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  3. ^ "Councillors". Bolsover District Council. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  4. ^ "Councillors". Derbyshire County Council. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v The Parish and Parish Council of the Parish of Blackwell by E. Storer, 1994, registered at Stationer's Hall No B9/1200-37196.
  6. ^ a b "platty at North Wingfield". platty. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Anderson, P. Howard (1973). Forgotten Railways: The East Midlands. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-6094-9. 
  8. ^ Stone inscription above west window.
  9. ^ "the Motorway Archive". Peter Hewitt. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  10. ^ a b "Newton Village". Derbyshire UK. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  11. ^ Hardy, Clive (2010). When Coal Was King. Derbyshire Times. ISBN 978-1-84547-240-5. 
  12. ^ "BBC News". BBC. 2004-03-05. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  13. ^ "M1 Tibshelf". Motorway Service Area Trivia. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  14. ^ "Silverhill Trail". Mountain Bike Trails. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  15. ^ "Kellys Directory 1912". www.historicaldirectories.org. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  16. ^ St Werburgh's Parish Magazine October 2010, article by George Hounsell.
  17. ^ "Newton Primary School". Directgov. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  18. ^ "Tibshelf School". Directgov. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  19. ^ "Newton Methodist Church". Derby Church Net. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  20. ^ "Blackwell St Werburgh's Church". Derby Church Net. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  21. ^ "Blackwell St Werburgh's Church". Derbyshire Churches. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  22. ^ a b "Newton Community Association". Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  23. ^ "Newton Carnival Committee". Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  24. ^ "Jedediah Strutt". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  25. ^ "Jedediah Strutt". Derbyshire UK. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  26. ^ a b "Timeline". Spinning Down The Derwent. Retrieved 2010-11-07. 
  27. ^ Craven, Maxwell; Stanley, Michael (1982). The Derbyshire Country House. Derbyshire Museum Service. ISBN 0-906753-01-5. 
  28. ^ "Blackwell". Derbyshire UK. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  29. ^ Jedediah Strutt

External links[edit]