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George & Dragon
Newton shown within Derbyshire
|Population||4,163 for Blackwell Parish (Census 2001)|
|OS grid reference|
|- London||123 mi (198 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Not to be confused with...
Newton is the commonest placename in England, there being 87 in total.
Locally, Newton is not to be confused with:
- Newton Solney, near Burton-on-Trent
- Newtown, Derbyshire, near New Mills
- Newton Grange, near Alsop en le Dale
- Newton, Greater Manchester, near Hyde
- Newton, Nottinghamshire, near East Bridgford
- Newton, Doncaster, in South Yorkshire.
For other Wikipedia articles using the word Newton, please see Newton.
Newton is one of the four villages (wards) that make up the civil parish of Blackwell - the other villages being Blackwell, Hilcote, and Westhouses. The Parish Council has twelve members across the four wards and meets monthly.
The shire district of Bolsover is part of the shire county of Derbyshire. The parish is represented by one councillor on Derbyshire County Council, although the electoral division covers South Normanton East and Tibshelf as well as Blackwell.
Blackwell civil parish forms part of the Bolsover parliamentary constituency. The MP currently (2010) is Dennis Skinner, who was elected MP in the 1970 general election. He has held the seat ever since.
Some of the main events in Newton's history are listed in the table below, in date order. The final column provides the source of the information about each event.
|1085||Domesday Book records “Blackwelle and Neutone Leuric with Levenot”.|||
|1577||Report of George & Dragon ale house.|||
|1754||Jedediah Strutt invented “Derby Rib” process for cloth manufacture.||See Notable People section.|
|1868||First deep mine at Tibshelf “Bottom Pit” and associated housing at Sherwood Street, Bamford Street, Main Street and New Street.|| and|
|1886||Opening of Tibshelf & Newton railway station.|||
|1893||Opening of Great Central Railway line.|||
|1894||Blackwell Parish Council first meeting.|||
|1902||Post office opens.|||
|1904||Primitive Methodist Chapel opens.|||
|1908||First police officer stationed in Newton on Wire Lane.|||
|1911||Gas main laid to Newton.|||
|1911||The "Coronation Palace” picture house opened.|||
|1919||Church hall (now Community Centre) opened.|||
|1920||First bus services.|||
|1933||Tibshelf Bottom Pit closed.|||
|1937||Picture House re-opens as “The Metro”.|||
|1950||Building of “Charwood Crescent” housing estate.|||
|1963||Closure of Tibshelf Town railway station.|||
|1966||Closure of Great Central Railway line.|||
|1967||Opening of M1 motorway.|||
|1969||Building of “Hallfield Road” housing estate.|||
|1986||Pavilion opened on sports field.|||
|1989||Opening of Five Pits Trail.||Five Pits Trail|
|1992||Closure of Silverhill Colliery and associated rail link to Westhouses.|||
|1998||Opening of Tibshelf motorway services.|||
The table below shows how the number of shops and services in Newton has varied over the years. It is interesting to note that, in the early 1900s, Newton was almost self-sufficient. The number of shops in each category is shown in brackets.
|General store & beer-off||General store (9)||General store (3)||General store (3)||General store|
|Post office & general store||Post office & general store||Post office & general store||Post office & general store||Post office & general store|
|General Dealer||General Dealer|
|Carter (2)||Fly proprietor|
|Shoe repairer||Boot repairer||Shoe repairer|
|Co-op (butchers, grocery, drapery)||Co-op (butchers, grocery, drapery)|
|Butcher (2)||Butcher (2)||Butcher|
|Hairdresser (4)||Hairdresser (3)||Hairdresser (2)|
|Public house (2)||Public house (2)||Public house (3)||Public house (3)|
|Institute & club||Billiard hall|
|Glass & china dealer|
|Chip shop (2)||Chip shop|
|Garage (repairs & petrol)||Garage (repairs)|
- Newton has a primary school on Hall Lane, providing education for children in the age range 4 to 11.
- As regards secondary education, Newton is in the catchment area of Tibshelf School, which caters for the 11 to 16 age range.
Places of Worship
The only church actually in Newton is the Methodist Church on Main Street. The nearest Anglican church is St Werburgh's at Old Blackwell. Of the original late 12th-century church, there remains but one pillar, in Transitional style, preserved on the inner face of the north wall. The tower dates from an 1828 rebuild, while the rest of the church is of 1878. In the porch is the stump of a Saxon cross.
For a village of its size, Newton is fairly well-served by leisure facilities. These include:
- Children's playgrounds at Bamford Street, South Street and Town Lane.
- Sports field off Charnwood Crescent, including a multi-use games area.
- Allotments off Newtonwood Lane and South Street.
- Group meetings at Community Centre, including Old Peoples Club, Women's Institute and Mothers Union.
- Carnival events several times a year.
- Film showings at the Community Centre ("Cinema Newton") during the winter months.
Newton is on the B6026 road, which effectively provides a link between the villages south-east of Chesterfield and junction 28 of the M1. The M1 passes immediately to the east of Newton, although there is no direct access to the motorway. The Tibshelf motorway service area has two service entries (northbound and southbound) onto Newtonwood Lane.
As at October 2010, there are commercial bus services during daytime on weekdays to Alfreton (half-hourly), Chesterfield (hourly) and Mansfield (hourly). Evening and Sunday services run less frequently and are subsidised by Derbyshire County Council.
Footpaths and Trails
Newton is linked to neighbouring villages by road-side pavements and public footpaths. Newton is close to the junction of the Five Pits Trail with the Silverhill Trail, which provide longer-distance recreational routes.
Jedediah Strutt, one of the key people in the Industrial Revolution, has links with Newton. He was particularly involved in the development of mechanised clothing production, setting up mills in Belper and Milford that became the prototype for mills all over the world. Although it is certain that he was born, lived and worked in the Newton area, there is some confusion over exact locations:
- Jedediah was born into a farming family in 1726 either in South Normanton or Newton.
- In 1754 Jedediah Strutt inherited his uncle’s farm stock in Blackwell.
- Strutt's father (William) was a tenant of Newton Old Hall (on Cragg Lane. Jedediah is said to have worked on his revolutionary stocking frame at the hall.
- In 1754, Jedediah is said to have lived "where the old folk's bungalows are now in Main Street".
- Jedediah Strutt married Elizabeth Woollat 25 September 1755 at Blackwell.
- Jedediah died in 1797 and was buried in Belper.
- "Placenames of England". www.archive.org. p. 33. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- "Contact Information". Blackwell Parish Council. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Councillors". Bolsover District Council. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Councillors". Derbyshire County Council. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- The Parish and Parish Council of the Parish of Blackwell by E. Storer, 1994, registered at Stationer's Hall No B9/1200-37196.
- "platty at North Wingfield". platty. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- Anderson, P. Howard (1973). Forgotten Railways: The East Midlands. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-6094-9.
- Stone inscription above west window.
- "the Motorway Archive". Peter Hewitt. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Newton Village". Derbyshire UK. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- Hardy, Clive (2010). When Coal Was King. Derbyshire Times. ISBN 978-1-84547-240-5.
- "BBC News". BBC. 2004-03-05. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "M1 Tibshelf". Motorway Service Area Trivia. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Silverhill Trail". Mountain Bike Trails. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Kellys Directory 1912". www.historicaldirectories.org. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- St Werburgh's Parish Magazine October 2010, article by George Hounsell.
- "Newton Primary School". Directgov. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- "Tibshelf School". Directgov. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- "Newton Methodist Church". Derby Church Net. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- "Blackwell St Werburgh's Church". Derby Church Net. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- "Blackwell St Werburgh's Church". Derbyshire Churches. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- "Newton Community Association". Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- "Newton Carnival Committee". Retrieved 2010-10-25.
- "Jedediah Strutt". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- "Jedediah Strutt". Derbyshire UK. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- "Timeline". Spinning Down The Derwent. Retrieved 2010-11-07.
- Craven, Maxwell; Stanley, Michael (1982). The Derbyshire Country House. Derbyshire Museum Service. ISBN 0-906753-01-5.
- "Blackwell". Derbyshire UK. Retrieved 2010-10-23.
- Jedediah Strutt
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