Newton, Iowa

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Newton, Iowa
City
NewtonShinesBright.png
Location of Newton, Iowa
Location of Newton, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°41′55″N 93°2′49″W / 41.69861°N 93.04694°W / 41.69861; -93.04694Coordinates: 41°41′55″N 93°2′49″W / 41.69861°N 93.04694°W / 41.69861; -93.04694
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Jasper
Area[1]
 • Total 11.19 sq mi (28.98 km2)
 • Land 11.19 sq mi (28.98 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 951 ft (290 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 15,254
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 15,108
 • Rank 26th in Iowa
 • Density 1,363.2/sq mi (526.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50208
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-56505
GNIS feature ID 0459514

Newton is the county seat and most populous city in Jasper County, Iowa, United States.[4] Located 30 mi (48 km) miles east of Des Moines, Newton, is in Central Iowa.[5] As of the 2010 census,[6] the city population was 15,254. It is the home of Iowa Speedway, Maytag Dairy Farms, and the Iowa Sculpture Festival.

View of Maytag Dairy Farms from the visitor center.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Newton was founded in 1850 and incorporated as a city in 1857. In the late 19th century, Newton's growth was fueled by the development of coal mines in the region. The first significant mine in the area was the Couch mine of the Jasper County Coal and Railway Company, opened in the 1870s. It was, for a while, the largest mine in the county, producing 70 tons per day. William Snooks opened a mine near Newton in 1886.[7] In the early 20th century, large scale mining in the Newton area had declined, but there were still several mines in the area that were worked intermittently.[8]

Maytag and the era of growth[edit]

Jasper County Courthouse.

In the 20th century, Newton was a manufacturing community, much of its growth derived from the washing machine industry. Its most distinctive landmark, the Jasper County Courthouse, was built in 1911.

Newton entered the national stage in 1938 when martial law was declared during a strike at the Maytag Washing Machine Company. Iowa governor Nelson Kraschel ordered the Iowa National Guard to protect the company with tanks and machine guns ready against the workers. With the backing of four troops (companies) of the 113th Cavalry Regiment,[9] Maytag company beat the strike and forced workers to return to work with a 10% pay cut.

Former headquarters of the Maytag Corporation, sold to Newton Enterprises in April 2012.

At the conclusion of World War II, the Maytag Washing Machine Company expanded its operations in Newton, becoming the Maytag Corporation. Known for its dependable line of washing machines and clothes dryers, the company later persuaded the town of Newton to change the name of its headquarters address in the city to “One Dependability Square.”[10] In 2001, a decision to cut labor costs resulted in a reduction of the labor force at the Newton plant in favor of newer Maytag facilities in Mexico.[11] Layoffs at the Newton plant continued through 2005. Whirlpool's acquisition of Maytag in early 2006 led to speculation over the future of Maytag operations in Newton. On May 10, 2006, Whirlpool announced that it would close the Newton plant and corporate offices in the fall of 2007. The plant employed about 1,000 workers and the corporate offices employed about 800 at the time of the announcement.

In January 2007, Whirlpool said in a statement that it sold most of the Maytag headquarters complex to Iowa Telecommunications Services Inc., a Newton-based telephone company which would use the complex to consolidate employees in a single location.

Although the company did not disclose financial details, Newton economic development officials said Iowa Telecom paid $1.5 million for the buildings assessed at more than $12 million.[12]

The Maytag plant officially ended production on October 25, 2007.[13]

"Newton's future" and life after Maytag[edit]

After Maytag announced its departure, community leaders and City administration worked together to develop a plan to diversify Newton's economy.[14] After the Maytag plant closed, unemployment skyrocketed—rising to almost 10%. In 2010, Jasper County has the highest unemployment rate of Iowa's 99 counties at 8.2%. However, in the following years, the unemployment rate dropped considerably—down to 5.4% in 2013.[15] More impressively, Newton's population did not drop following the departure of Maytag. Newton has had a steady population of about 15,000 since the 1960s.

Since Maytag's departure announcement in 2006, the following companies have started in or moved to Newton: Underwriter's Laboratory, Trinity Structural Towers, TPI Composites, Caleris, Walter G. Anderson, the Iowa Speedway, Health Enterprises, Engineered Plastics Company, Pact Manufacturing, Advanced Wheel Sales, and Hawkeye Stages.[16][17]

One of the industrial sectors Newton has attracted in recent years is green manufacturing.[18] In December 2007, TPI Composites announced plans to open a plant to manufacture massive wind turbine blades, which are now in production.[19] Additionally, Trinity Structural Towers, a company which manufactures wind turbine towers, opened in 2008.[20] President Barack Obama visited the Trinity Structural Towers plant on April 22, 2009, that year's Earth Day.[21] While at the factory in Newton, the President said that he traveled to the factory in order to usher in "a new era of energy exploration in America."[20]

Newton was awarded the National Sustainable Community of the Year Award (Small City Category) by Siemens and the US Chamber of Commerce in 2010 for its successful, pro-active approach to recovery.[22]

In 2012, the Newton City Council passed "Newton's Future: A Comprehensive Plan."[16] The Comprehensive Plan was written with the input of Newton citizens and reflects the community's goals for the future; the top goals identified in the plan were to (1) Grow Newton's population, specifically targeting young families, (2) Increase employment opportunities, (3) Improve the City's curb appeal, and (4) Fill vacant buildings and increase local shopping options.[16]

Famous airplane crash[edit]

On August 30, 1969, world boxing champion Rocky Marciano and two other occupants died when their airplane crashed in Newton.[23] This was the third of a series of airplane accidents or incidents in Iowa involving celebrities, after a 1959 accident in Clear Lake and a 1960 incident in Carrol that involved a plane carrying the Los Angeles Lakers basketball team.

Arts and culture[edit]

Newton has an active arts community, with several non-profit organizations dedicated to the arts and many artists residing in the city.

Visual arts and sculpture[edit]

The Iowa Sculpture Festival is an annual event hosted in Newton which began in 2002.[24] The purpose and goal of the Iowa Sculpture Festival is to celebrate the development and growth of sculpture as an art form and to feature artists who create sculptures. The weekend-long event features both local and internationally accomplished artists.[24]

In addition to the annual Sculpture Festival, Newton features nearly 90 displays of public art with sculptures and painted murals throughout the community.[16] The Iowa Sculpture Festival Committee sponsors a year-round sculpture and mural tour.[25]

The Centre for Arts and Artists opened in Newton in 2005.[26] The Centre for Arts and Artists is composed of 10 resident artist studios, a clay and kiln room, a therapeutic art room for children, a classroom, and an extensive art collection.[26] Classes for all ages are taught at the Centre throughout the year.[26]

Performing arts[edit]

In addition to having an active visual arts community, Newton also has an active music and theater community.

Each summer, Newton hosts the Bowlful of Blues, a blues festival at the Maytag Bowl featuring renowned blues artists from across the county such as John Primer, Walter Trout, Shaun Murphy, Willie Kent, and others.[27]

Additionally, the City of Newton Parks and Recreation puts on free weekly concerts at the Maytag Bowl throughout the summer in an event called "Evenings at the Bowl."[28] This event features local bands of all genres. The Newton City Band, a full concert band composed of Newton citizens, also performs at this event.[28]

The Newton Community Theater performs several shows each year ranging from large-cast musicals, such as Les Miserables, to small cast ensemble plays, such as The Dixie Swim Club.[29]

Other arts and culture[edit]

The City has two historic movie theaters that are still in operation. The Valle Drive In is one of four Drive In Theaters still in operation in Iowa. The Newton Drive In is the oldest of all of these theaters, having opened in 1948.[30] The Capitol II Theater is located in the historic downtown district of Newton and has been in operation since April 1927; originally operating as a vaudeville theater.[31]

The Jasper County Historical Museum is located on the South West side of Newton and features historical artifacts from throughout Newton's history, including many early-model washing machines manufactured by Maytag.[14] The museum is managed by the Jasper County Historical Society.

Newton also hosts the Miss Iowa USA and Miss Teen Iowa USA Pageants annually.[32] The winners of these competitions go on to represent Iowa at the Miss USA Pageants.

Sports and recreation[edit]

Newton is home to Iowa Speedway, a 7/8 mile racing track purchased by NASCAR in 2014. It is the only short track owned by NASCAR west of the Mississippi River. The track hosts a series of races throughout the summer, including NASCARNationwide Series races, NASCAR Camping World Truck Series races, IndyCar Series races, and others.[33]

The Newton High School completes in class 3A athletics through the Iowa High School Athletic Association. The mascot of the high school is a Cardinal. The IHSAA athletics that Newton participates in includes: baseball, basketball, bowling, cross country, football, golf, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, track & field, volleyball, and wrestling.[34]

Newton is home to several parks and recreation areas. The City maintains 13 City parks and recreational areas, including the flagship park of the community, Maytag Park. Maytag Park is on the National Registrar of Historic Places.[35] Amenities at Maytag Park include the Maytag Bowl—a historic bandshell, a public swimming pool, and a disc golf course.[36] In addition to the City parks, Project AWAKE, a local non-profit organization, maintains the Newton Arboretum and Botanical Gardens as well as Sersland Park, a downtown park. The Newton Arboretum and Botanical Gardens occupies six acres of land and features over 150 species of trees, a rose garden, a butterfly garden, a water garden, and a native prairie.[37]

Geography[edit]

Newton's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 41.698591, -93.046860.[38]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.19 square miles (28.98 km2), all of it land.[1]

Streets and addresses[edit]

Newton is divided into four quadrants: 1st Avenue divides the north and south segments of Newton, and 1st Street divides the east and west segments. Roads labeled as avenues run east and west, while roads labeled as streets run north and south. Newton's street numbering system also extends into rural Jasper County.

A typical street name would appear "E 5th St S". The east or west label comes first, followed by the street, then followed by the north or south label. This example indicates the street is in the southeast quadrant of Newton.

A typical avenue name would appear "N 5th Ave W". In the case of avenues, the north or south label comes first, followed by the avenue, and then followed by the east or west label. This example indicates the avenue is in the northwest quadrant of Newton.

All addresses within Newton fall within the 50208 ZIP code.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,617
1870 1,983 22.6%
1880 2,607 31.5%
1890 2,564 −1.6%
1900 3,682 43.6%
1910 4,616 25.4%
1920 6,627 43.6%
1930 11,560 74.4%
1940 10,462 −9.5%
1950 11,723 12.1%
1960 15,381 31.2%
1970 15,619 1.5%
1980 15,292 −2.1%
1990 14,789 −3.3%
2000 15,579 5.3%
2010 15,254 −2.1%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 15,254 people, 6,668 households, and 4,047 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,363.2 inhabitants per square mile (526.3 /km2). There were 7,339 housing units at an average density of 655.9 per square mile (253.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 6,668 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.3% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 41.6 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 19.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[39] of 2000, there were 15,579 people, 6,713 households, and 4,269 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,518.9 people per square mile (586.3/km²). There were 7,162 housing units at an average density of 698.3 per square mile (269.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.55% White, 0.60% Asian, 0.39% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population.

There were 6,713 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.84.

Age spread: 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,345, and the median income for a family was $49,977. Males had a median income of $37,248 versus $22,631 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,552. About 4.8% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Newton is administered by a mayor and a six-person city council. The mayor is elected to a term of two years. Newton's current mayor is Michael Hansen. His predecessor was Charles 'Chaz' Allen.[citation needed] The city council consists of one member elected from each of Newton's four wards and two members elected at-large. The council members are elected to terms of four years. Regular meetings of the city council are held on the first and third Mondays of each month at 6:00 PM in the Council Chambers at City Hall.

State and federal facilities[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Newton Post Office.[40]

The Iowa Department of Corrections Newton Correctional Facility is in unincorporated Jasper County, near Newton.[41]

Media[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

  • KCOB 1280 AM / 95.9 FM (Country)
  • KRTI 106.7 FM (Top 40/Pop)

Print[edit]

Television[edit]

  • ION Broadcast over air channel 39

Notable people[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Newton's Future: A Comprehensive Plan". City of Newton Comprehensive Plan. 
  6. ^ "Iowa (USA): State & Major Cities - Statistics & Maps on City Population". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  7. ^ James H. Lees, History of Coal Mining in Iowa, Chapter III of Annual Report, 1908, Iowa Geological Survey, 1909, pages 564-565.
  8. ^ Henry Hinds, The Coal Deposits of Iowa, Chapter I of Annual Report, 1908, Iowa Geological Survey, 1909, pages 161-163
  9. ^ Steven E. Clay, U.S. Army Order of Battle 1919–1941, Fort Leavenworth: Combat Studies Institute Press, p. 635.
  10. ^ Maytag's Brand Blunder, BrandCultureTalk.com, 9 January 2009
  11. ^ Pitt, David, Moves to Mexico Fuel Fears at Maytag, Deseret News (Salt Lake City), 6 August 2003
  12. ^ Ryberg Bill, Donnelle Eller, and Jennifer Jacobs. - "Maytag to Close: What it Means to Newton". - The Des Moines Register. - May 10, 2006.
  13. ^ Ryberg, William (2007-10-25). "Production ends at Maytag". The Des Moines Register. 
  14. ^ a b Riley, Charles (01/03/2012). "Iowa's turnaround town". CNN Money. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  15. ^ "Iowa Workforce Development: Jasper County 2013". Iowa Workforce Development. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Newton's Future: A Comprehensive Plan". Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  17. ^ Selko, Adrienne. "Manufacturing Plant Site Location Strategies | IndustryWeek". Expansionmanagement.com. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  18. ^ Riley, Charles (01/03/3012). "Iowa's turnaround town". CNN Money. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  19. ^ "NPR Media Player". Npr.org. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  20. ^ a b "Obama declares 'new era' for energy". NBC News. 2009-04-22. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  21. ^ Jesse Lee. "A Busy Earth Day: Van Jones Video, All-Day Live-Blog | The White House". Whitehouse.gov. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  22. ^ "U.S. Chamber and Siemens Corporation Announce Finalists for National Sustainability Awards". U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  23. ^ http://www3.gendisasters.com/iowa/3593/newton-ia-rocky-marciano-killed-in-plane-crash-aug-1969
  24. ^ a b "Iowa sculpture festival events set for this weekend". Newton Daily News. 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  25. ^ "Sculpture and Mural Tour". Iowa Sculpture Festival. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  26. ^ a b c Leavenworth, Anna (2012-04-17). "Newton's Centre for Arts and Artists hosts open house". The Central Ray. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  27. ^ Malott, Kate (2013-08-23). "R&B singer to co-headline Bowlful of Blues". Newton Daily News. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  28. ^ a b "Evenings at the Bowl". Newton Daily News. 2013-05-31. Retrieved 10/11/2013. 
  29. ^ "Newton Theatre". Newton Community Theatre. Retrieved 10/11/2013. 
  30. ^ Donahey, Mike (May 2010). "Newton's Valle Drive In". Times Republican. Retrieved 10/11/2013. 
  31. ^ "Top 10 Haunted Locations in Jasper County". Newton Daily News. 2012-10-31. Retrieved 10/11/2013. 
  32. ^ "October Calendar 2013". Newton Convention and Visitor's Bureau. Retrieved 10/11/2013. 
  33. ^ Eschliman, Bob (08/29/12). "Iowa Speedway official announces '13 schedule". Newton Daily News. Retrieved 2013-10-17. 
  34. ^ "Team Selections". Retrieved 2013-10-17. 
  35. ^ "Fred Maytag Park Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-10-17. 
  36. ^ "Maytag Park". City of Newton. Retrieved 2013-10-17. 
  37. ^ "The Newton Arboretum and Botanical Gardens". Project AWAKE. Retrieved 2013-10-17. 
  38. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  39. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  40. ^ "Post Office Location - NEWTON." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on November 24, 2010.
  41. ^ "Newton Correctional Facility." Iowa Department of Corrections. Retrieved on November 24, 2010. "Newton Correctional Facility 307 S. 60th Avenue W. P. O. Box 218 Newton, IA 50208"

External links[edit]