Newton Abbot railway station

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Newton Abbot National Rail
Newton Abbot
Location
Place Newton Abbot
Local authority Teignbridge
Coordinates 50°31′48″N 3°35′59″W / 50.5300°N 3.5997°W / 50.5300; -3.5997Coordinates: 50°31′48″N 3°35′59″W / 50.5300°N 3.5997°W / 50.5300; -3.5997
Grid reference SX867712
Operations
Station code NTA
Managed by First Great Western
Number of platforms 3
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2002/03   0.637 million
2004/05 Increase 0.721 million
2005/06 Increase 0.732 million
2006/07 Increase 0.782 million
2007/08 Increase 0.856 million
2008/09 Increase 0.929 million
2009/10 Increase 0.941 million
2010/11 Increase 1.021 million
2011/12 Increase 1.088 million
2012/13 Increase 1.103 million
2013/14 Decrease 1.057 million
History
Original company South Devon Railway
Pre-grouping Great Western Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
1846 Station opened
1848 Torquay branch opened
1866 Moretonhampstead line opened
1927 Station rebuilt
1940 Station bombed
1959 Moretonhampstead line closed
1987 Station resignalled
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Newton Abbot from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Newton Abbot railway station serves the town of Newton Abbot in Devon, England. It is 193.75 miles (312 km) from London on the Exeter to Plymouth line via the Reading to Taunton line,[1] at the junction for the branch to Paignton. For many years it was also the junction for Moretonhampstead and the site of a large locomotive workshop. It is operated by First Great Western.

History[edit]

Broad gauge[edit]

A decorative screen with "SDR" initials from above the door of the original station

The station was opened by the South Devon Railway Company on 30 December 1846 when its line was extended from Teignmouth railway station.[2] It was opened through to Totnes on 20 June 1847 and a branch to Torquay was added on 18 December 1848.[3] The Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway opened its branch line on 26 June 1866.[4] All these railways used the 7 ft (2,134 mm) broad gauge.

Approaching the station from the town along Queen Street, people first saw the large goods shed. On the opposite side of the line was the pumping house for the atmospheric railway system that powered the trains for a short while.[5] The passenger station was situated to the south of these buildings. It originally consisted to two – later three – small train sheds covering separate platforms for trains running in each direction to Exeter, Plymouth, and Torquay. It was rebuilt in 1861 as a single station with a larger train shed covering all three platforms.

On 1 February 1876 the South Devon Railway, which had already amalgamated with the Moretonhampstead company, was amalgamated into the Great Western Railway. The station was originally known as just "Newton" but this was changed to "Newton Abbot" on 1 March 1877.[6]

The last broad gauge train ran on 20 May 1892, after which all the lines in the area were converted to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge over the space of a weekend.[7][8] The workshops at Newton Abbot played a part in converting broad gauge locomotives, carriages and wagons to standard gauge over the following months.

Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Teignmouth   Great Western RailwaySouth Devon main line   Totnes
Great Western RailwayTorquay branch Kingskerswell
Teigngrace Halt   Great Western RailwayMoretonhampstead branch   Terminus

A new station[edit]

Platforms 4 and 6 in 1970.

Plans were put forward to rebuild the station with four platforms, but World War I delayed the plans. The goods facilities were moved onto the Moretonhampstead branch line on 12 June 1911, and some sidings were laid at Hackney on 17 December 1911 to replace those near the engine shed. These alterations paved the way for the expansion of the station following the war, the rebuilt station eventually being opened by Lord Mildmay of Flete on 11 April 1927. The station now faced the town along Queen Street rather than the old wooden goods shed.[3][9]

An old broad gauge 0-4-0 locomotive, Tiny, was put on display on the station platform to provide a link with the past.

The southbound platform had to rebuilt again following an air raid on 20 August 1940, during the World War II. Six bombs were dropped killing 14 people, although one failed to explode.[3]

The Moretonhampstead line lost its passenger trains on 28 February 1959. Goods trains were cut back to Bovey railway station from 6 April 1964 and from 6 July 1970 were run no further than Heathfield.[4] The final regular traffic ran in 1996.[6]

Recent history[edit]

The last trains used the former Platform 4 on 24 April 1987, which allowed a level entrance to be opened from the road and an extended car park. Also to go were the loop lines that allowed fast trains to pass the station without passing a platform. Resignalling was completed over the following week and bank holiday weekend. Full operation was restored from 5 May 1987, now controlled from the panel signal box at Exeter. A new junction was installed for the Paignton branch and the signals now allow trains to run either way on each track.[3]

Some of the signalling equipment was taken to the Newton Abbot Town and GWR Museum where it forms part of an interactive display that shows how the railway shaped the town. It was also at about this time that Tiny was removed from its position on the platform and moved to Buckfastleigh railway station where it is displayed in the museum of the South Devon Railway Trust.

The remaining section of the Moretonhampstead line was taken out of use in 2009 when 'temporary stop blocks' were placed on the line 53 chains (1.1 km) from the junction at Newton Abbot.[10] The line to Heathfield has since been re-opened, seeing daily timber trains in 2012 to Chirk in Wales.

Up until December 2009, South West Trains ran services between London Waterloo to Plymouth and Paignton before withdrawing services west of Exeter to form an hourly service from Exeter St Davids to London Waterloo.

Accidents[edit]

Newton Abbot has proved to be an accident prone station. On 22 August 1851 the locomotive Brigand was derailed and Switchman Bidgood had to pay one pound towards its repairs.[3]

The investigation into a collision in August 1875 revealed that it was normal practice at Newton to ignore the signal controlling movements from the siding to the main line, as a result of which it was decided to interlock the signals and points here, one of the first such installations to be authorised on the South Devon Railway.

On 21 October 1892 an engine shunting the siding at Aller Junction derailed and fell on its side.

In more recent times, a collision occurred on 25 March 1994, when a Class 158 DMU working a Paignton to Cardiff service ran into the back of a Class 43 standing in the platform with a Penzance to Edinburgh train.[11] Then in June 1997 a similar train from London was derailed by a broken axle as it was slowing down on its approach to the station.[12]

Description[edit]

Diagram showing the tracks and platforms at Newton Abbot with Platform 3 at the top. Not to scale.
Track layout in 2009
CrossCountry train arriving at Platform 3

The main entrance is on the west side of the station (at the top of the diagram, right), facing Courtenay Park and Queen Street which leads into the town centre. The main entrance is through South Devon House, the building opened in 1927. This involves a couple of steps up to the platform, but a step-free route leads from the taxi rank on the south side of the building. The car park is beyond this on the site of the former Platform 4. At the north end of this platform are a former terminal platform and sidings alongside Tucker's Maltings which used to serve the Moretonhampstead branch.

There are now just three tracks in use for passenger trains. The platform nearest the entrance (Platform 3) is used by most trains running beyond Exeter to London, the north of England and Scotland. A wide footbridge, which is served by both stairs and lifts, leads to the southbound platform. The track on the west side (Platform 2) is mainly used by trains to Plymouth and Penzance, while the east side (Platform 1) is mainly used by trains to and from Paignton.

Trains from Paignton can use either side of the station, long distance services are generally switched to the main line south of the station so use the same platform as trains from Plymouth while local trains to Exeter and Exmouth tend to run the "wrong way" through the same platform that they use when running to Paignton and then join the main line north of the station. Similarly, trains to Paignton often use the Plymouth platform if another train is blocking the usual Paignton platform.

The industrial area opposite the station was the site of the South Devon Railway workshops, its engine shed being situated a little to the north of the station. Beyond this was established Hackney marshalling yard, where goods trains were – and indeed still are from time to time – reformed for the journey over the hills towards Plymouth.

Around the station[edit]

A map of the railway lines radiating from Newton Abbot to (clockwise from top left) Moretonhampstead, London, Paignton and Penzance. Not to scale.
Railway routes around Newton Abbot in 2009

Hackney Yard [edit]

Located at 50°32′14″N 3°35′32″W / 50.5372°N 3.5921°W / 50.5372; -3.5921 (Hackney Yard)

A new marshalling yard was opened at Hackney, just north of the station, on 17 December 1911. It is a useful staging point for freight trains travelling over the steep inclines of Dartmoor on the way to Plymouth as these trains either have to be shorter or use additional locomotives compared with the flat route from Exeter.[3]

The sidings were closed to scheduled traffic on 10 January 1971.[6] They have now been refurbished, although the number of sidings is greatly reduced. They were temporarily used for off-loading stone traffic during the 1990s but now see regular cement trains to Moorswater on the Looe branch in Cornwall. These are split into two portions, one being left here while the Freightliner locomotive takes the first section forward before returning later in the day for the remaining wagons. The sidings are also used for stabling railway engineers' vehicles. In 2012 a new Network Rail Recycling Depot was opened. This has resulted in regular engineers trains bringing sections of rail to the yard for cutting before being sold to local scrap merchants.[citation needed]

Engine shed and works[edit]

SDR 4-4-0ST Heron

Located at 50°31′48″N 3°35′52″W / 50.5301°N 3.5979°W / 50.5301; -3.5979 (Old workshops)

The first engine shed was established to the north end of the station opposite Tucker's Maltings. A workshop for the locomotive contractors was also established opposite the station and this was expanded over the years to include facilities for maintaining the railway's carriages and wagons.[8] An old 0-4-0 locomotive, Tiny, was installed in the workshops to power the machinery.[13] When it was no longer required for this role it was restored and put on display on the station platform. It has since been moved to the railway museum at Buckfastleigh and is the only original British 7 ft (2,134 mm) broad gauge locomotive that survives.

The original engine shed was closed in 1893, and a new eight-road standard GWR pattern shed along the lines of those at Salisbury and Exeter, with northlight pattern roof, constructed under the initial code NA. The coaling stage was a non-standard wooden trussed lean-to affair, with the coaling ramp level with the yard, while the approach roads where the locomotives were refueled some 14 feet (4.3 m) below yard level. This made adding an ash shelter later during World War II especially easy. The single 65 feet (20 m) standard over-girder pattern turntable was installed in 1926.[14]

Designated and designed as the major shed for the region, it was constructed as a heavy maintenance repair shop. The associated locomotive Factory had access to heavy lifting equipment, and engineering facilities to maintain, repair and overaul all types of GWR locomotive. Locomotives could be put into the Factory roads by means of a traversing table at the East (Exeter and London) end. The last British Rail steam engine to be overhauled in the workshops was ex-GWR 4500 Class number 4566, outshopped on 15 July 1966.[14] Although some steam engines belonging to the private Dart Valley Railway company were overhauled in the factory after it had to closed, and the old steam shed was also used to do some work on these privately owned engines.[14]

To the west, the site also had a six-road carriage and wagon works, suitable for maintenance and repair of all types of rolling stock. Cleaning was carried out on tracks between the station and the locomotive sheds.[14]

After the decision to switch to diesel traction, in 1962 the site was completely rebuilt to accommodate diesels, including the Warship Class that were used on the Exeter to Waterloo services. The Factory was reformed to provide four roads with servicing pits and cab level platforms, providing facilities to repair eight locomotives at the same time. Access was via the existing traversing table. A daily servicing and fuelling point was built beside the old steam shed and it was this which provided the main facility after the factory closed in 1970.

Diesel multiple units were serviced in another open ended shed next to the carriage cleaning tracks. This shed was subsequently used to repair the electric train heating and air conditioning on the new Mark 3 and Mark 4 coaching stock.

The diesel repair sheds were closed in 1970, although a locomotive and coach servicing/fuel facility remained until 1981 when servicing was transferred to Laira Traction Maintenance Depot where the new High Speed Trains were maintained. An industrial estate now occupies the site but some original buildings are still standing.

Aller Junction [edit]

43093 (left) from Plymouth passes 159015 to Paignton at Aller. From 1996 South West Trains operated services to Paignton, Plymouth and Penzance, but from December 2009 they no longer operate west of Exeter St Davids, though they operated the principal fast services to Paignton.

Located at 50°30′54″N 3°35′19″W / 50.5149°N 3.5887°W / 50.5149; -3.5887 (Aller Junction)

The branch to Torquay originally left the main line in the station area and ran parallel with the Plymouth line for 1 mile (1.6 km) before the latter swung off into the hills at Aller. A proper junction, known as Torquay Junction, was put here on 29 January 1855 as the two single lines had now become part of the double-track line from Newton to Totnes, trains on the single-track Torquay branch running on the correct line between the junction and the station.[15]

In 1874 the branch was extended to the station, running parallel with the Plymouth line as it had done before 1855. There were now three tracks on this section but on 22 May 1876 the branch was doubled as far as Kingskerswell, which meant a fourth track was added. The tracks were (from east to west) down branch, up branch, down main, up main.

In 1914, along with the rebuilding of the station, it was proposed to install a flying junction at Aller to speed up the passage of trains coming off the branch.[3] The plans were shelved due to World War I, but on 24 May 1925 a junction was once again installed where the two lines diverged, now known as Aller Junction. The four tracks were now grouped by direction of travel – down relief, down main, up relief, up main. Trains for either line could use either track between the junction and the station but trains to and from the branch generally used the "relief" lines. This meant that trains coming off the branch had to cross over the line used by trains going towards Plymouth which could cause delays at busy times. The junction was moved during the 1987 resignalling to a new position about 0.5 miles (0.8 km) closer to the station. Trains can now run to and from the branch on a single line connection with their own platform, or cross over to the Plymouth–Exeter tracks on either side of the station as may be convenient.

A private siding was opened on the Torquay branch in 1866 for sand traffic from a nearby pit. It was removed in 1964.

Services[edit]

A Riviera Line service from Paignton to Exmouth at Newton Abbot

From the south, the trains of three different operators converge on Newton Abbot from Penzance and Plymouth on the main line, and from Paignton on the Riviera Line. The main line service to London Paddington station is operated by First Great Western, along with local trains to Exeter and Exmouth. The London services include the overnight Night Riviera and daytime Cornish Riviera Express to Penzance, and the midday Torbay Express to Paignton.[1] CrossCountry operate trains through Birmingham to Manchester, the north east of England, and Scotland.[16]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Teignmouth   First Great Western
Exeter to Plymouth Line
  Totnes
First Great Western
Riviera Line
Torre
Teignmouth   CrossCountry
Scotland to Plymouth
  Totnes
CrossCountry
Manchester to Paignton
Torquay

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Rail Timetable 135 (Winter 2007)" (PDF). Network Rail. 
  2. ^ Gregory, R H (1982). The South Devon Railway. Salisbury: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-286-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Potts, C R (1998). The Newton Abbot to Kingswear Railway (1844 - 1988). Oxford: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-387-7. 
  4. ^ a b Jenkins, S C; Pomroy, L J (1989). The Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway. Oxford: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-389-3. 
  5. ^ The South Devon Atmospheric Railway. Broad Gauge Society. 
  6. ^ a b c Oakley, Mike (2007). Devon Railway Stations. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press. ISBN 978-1-904349-55-6. 
  7. ^ MacDermot, E T (1931). History of the Great Western Railway, volume II 1863-1921. London: Great Western Railway. 
  8. ^ a b Cole, Felicity; Rice, Iain (editors). A Broad Gauge Album. Newton Abbot: Newton Abbot Museum & The Broad Gauge Society. 
  9. ^ Beck, Keith; Copsey, John (1990). The Great Western in South Devon. Didcot: Wild Swan Publications. ISBN 0-906867-90-8. 
  10. ^ Jacobs, G.A. (2009). "Trackwatch". Modern Railways (Ian Allan) 66 (731): 17. ISSN 0026-8356. 
  11. ^ Image of Newton Abbot Rail Accident 25/03/1994 Retrieved 2010-06-14
  12. ^ Summary of Findings of HSE Investigation of Newton Abbot Train Derailment 1997-06-13 www.glinfo.pl; Retrieved 2009-05-07
  13. ^ The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, Part 2: Broad Gauge. The Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. ISBN 0-901115-32-0. 
  14. ^ a b c d Edward T. Lyons C.Eng MIStrucE (1978). An Historical Survey of Great Wester Engine Sheds 1947. Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-902888-16-6. 
  15. ^ Cooke, RA (1984). Track Layout Diagrams of the GWR and BR WR - Section 14 South Devon. Harwell: RA Cooke. 
  16. ^ "National Rail Timetable 51 (Winter 2007)" (PDF). Network Rail.