Newton County, Indiana

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Newton County, Indiana
County
Newton County Courthouse in Kentland
Newton County Courthouse in Kentland
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°57′N 87°24′W / 40.950°N 87.400°W / 40.950; -87.400Coordinates: 40°57′N 87°24′W / 40.950°N 87.400°W / 40.950; -87.400
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
Region Northwest Indiana
Metro area Chicago Metropolitan
Organized February 7, 1835
Abolished 1839
Re-organized December 8, 1859
Named for Sgt. John Newton
County seat Kentland
Largest town Kentland
(population and total area)
Incorporated
Municipalities
Government
 • Type County
 • Body Board of Commissioners
 • Commissioner Kyle Conrad (1st)
 • Commissioner Timothy Drenth (2nd)
 • Commissioner Mickey Read (3rd)
Area
 • County 403.44 sq mi (1,044.9 km2)
 • Land 401.76 sq mi (1,040.6 km2)
 • Water 1.68 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Area rank 43rd largest county in Indiana
 • Region 2,726 sq mi (7,060 km2)
Elevation 692 ft (211 m)
Population (2010)
 • County 14,244
 • Estimate (2013) 14,087
 • Rank 82nd largest county in Indiana
2,165th largest county in U.S.[1]
 • Density 35.5/sq mi (13.7/km2)
 • Metro 9,522,434
 • Region 819,537
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes 46310, 46349, 47922, 47942-43, 47948, 47951, 47963, 47978
Area code 219
Congressional district 4th
Indiana Senate district 6th
Indiana House of Representatives districts 15th and 19th
FIPS code 18-111
GNIS feature ID 0450376
Interstate and U.S. Routes

I-65.svg US 24.svg US 41.svg US 52.svg


State Routes

Indiana 10.svg Indiana 14.svg Indiana 16.svg Indiana 55.svg Indiana 71.svg Indiana 114.svg


Airport

Kentland Municipal


Waterways Iroquois RiverKankakee River
Website www.newtoncountyin.com
  • Indiana county number 56
  • Second county in Indiana to bear this name
  • Youngest county in Indiana
Demographics (2010)[2]
White Black Asian
96.2% 0.4% 0.3%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.3% 2.8% 5.0%

Newton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 14,244.[3] The county seat is Kentland.[4] The county is divided into 10 townships which provide local services.[5][6]

Newton County is included in the Chicago metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The original Newton County was formed by statute on February 7, 1835, and was a roughly square area some 30 miles on a side, encompassing what is now the northern half of the county, the northern half of Jasper County, and a large section to the north. The northern border was cut back to the Kankakee River on February 1, 1836, with all land north of the Kankakee River going to Lake and Porter counties. The county was abolished and combined with Jasper County in 1839. On December 8, 1859, the county was re-created and the borders were redrawn to essentially their current state.

Newton County is named after Sgt. John Newton, who served under Gen. Francis Marion (the "Swamp Fox") in the American Revolutionary War. It is adjacent to Jasper County, which was named after Sgt. William Jasper, whose story is similar. At least four other states, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri and Texas, have adjacent Jasper and Newton Counties, as though these two were remembered as a pair.[7]

Upon its re-creation, Newton County was the last county to be organized in Indiana.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 403.44 square miles (1,044.9 km2), of which 401.76 square miles (1,040.6 km2) (or 99.58%) is land and 1.68 square miles (4.4 km2) (or 0.42%) is water.[8]

Newton County is the site of the Kentland crater, a probable meteorite impact crater located between Kentland and Goodland.

J.C. Murphy Lake is at the center of Willow Slough Fish and Wildlife Area.

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

The municipalities in Newton County, and their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

The 10 townships of Newton County, with their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Climate and weather[edit]

Kentland, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.8
 
31
14
 
 
1.6
 
36
18
 
 
2.8
 
48
29
 
 
3.4
 
61
38
 
 
4.1
 
73
50
 
 
4.5
 
82
60
 
 
4
 
85
63
 
 
3.7
 
83
60
 
 
3.3
 
78
53
 
 
2.8
 
65
41
 
 
3.2
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in Kentland have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, with a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.60 inches (41 mm) in February to 4.51 inches (115 mm) in June.[9]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code. The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all spending and revenue collection. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms and are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes and service taxes.[10][11]

The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue and managing day-to-day functions of the county government.[10][11]

The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[11]

The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and be residents of the county.[11]

Each of the townships has a trustee who administers rural fire protection and ambulance service, provides poor relief and manages cemetery care, among other duties.[6] The trustee is assisted in these duties by a three-member township board. The trustees and board members are elected to four-year terms.[12]

Newton County is part of Indiana's 1st congressional district and in 2008 was represented by Pete Visclosky in the United States Congress.[13] It is part of Indiana Senate district 6[14] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 15 and 19.[15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,360
1870 5,829 147.0%
1880 8,167 40.1%
1890 8,803 7.8%
1900 10,448 18.7%
1910 10,504 0.5%
1920 10,144 −3.4%
1930 9,841 −3.0%
1940 10,775 9.5%
1950 11,006 2.1%
1960 11,502 4.5%
1970 11,606 0.9%
1980 14,844 27.9%
1990 13,551 −8.7%
2000 14,566 7.5%
2010 14,244 −2.2%
Est. 2013 14,087 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
1790-1960[17] 1900-1990[18]
1990-2000[19] 2010-2013[3]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 14,566 people, 5,340 households, and 3,999 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 5,726 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.33% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 2.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.6% were of German, 14.3% American, 11.8% Irish, 10.0% English and 7.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 5,340 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.10% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.10% were non-families. 20.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,944, and the median income for a family was $46,741. Males had a median income of $36,152 versus $20,780 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,755. About 4.80% of families and 6.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.20% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools in Newton County are administered by two districts:

High Schools and Middle Schools

Elementary Schools

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • George Pence and Nellie C. Armstrong (1933). Indiana Boundaries: Territory, State, and County. Indiana Historical Society. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USA Counties in Profile". STATS Indiana. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  3. ^ a b "Newton County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  4. ^ "Find a County – Newton County, IN". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-11-15. 
  5. ^ "Newton". Indiana Township Association. Retrieved 2011-11-15. 
  6. ^ a b "Duties". United Township Association of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  7. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 581. 
  8. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Kentland, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  10. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". Government of Indiana. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  11. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). Government of Indiana. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  12. ^ "Government". United Township Association of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  13. ^ "US Congressman Pete Visclosky". US Congress. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  14. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  15. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  16. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  20. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]