|Scottish Gaelic: Baile Ùr nan Stiùbhartach|
The River Cree with Newton Stewart beyond
Newton Stewart shown within Dumfries and Galloway
|Population||3,573 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Council area||Dumfries and Galloway|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||NEWTON STEWART|
|UK Parliament||Dumfries and Galloway|
|Scottish Parliament||Galloway and West Dumfries|
Newton Stewart (Gd: Baile Ùr nan Stiùbhartach) is a former burgh town lying within the Penninghame (old civil parish area) and Machars peninsula, Wigtownshire, Dumfries and Galloway. The town lies around the River Cree with the majority of the town to the west of the river, and is sometimes referred to as the "Gateway to the Galloway Hills".[this quote needs a citation]
Newton Stewart has also recently been twinned with the French town of Marcoussis.
The main local industries are agriculture, forestry and tourism. The town hosts a local market, and a number of services to support the farming industry. Newton Stewart lies on the southern edge of the Galloway Forest Park, which supplies a large amount of jobs to the town.
There are numerous nature trails nearby as part of Galloway Forest Park, managed on behalf of the state by Forest Enterprise. There is a local museum at St. John's Church, a doll's house exhibition and a butterfly and tropical plant house nearby. The latter two are no longer open for visitors. Newton Stewart is also only 7 miles from Scotland's book town Wigtown.
The town was founded in the mid 17th Century by William Stewart, fourth and youngest son of the 2nd Earl of Galloway. The "New Town of Stewart" was granted Burgh status by charter from King Charles II allowing a weekly market and two annual fairs to be held.
Designed by John Rennie the Elder and built in 1813 the present bridge replaced the old bridge of 1745 which was destroyed by floods in 1806.
The industrialist, Sir William Douglas (died 1809), best known for founding the planned town of Castle Douglas, also established cotton mills in Newton Stewart, which was temporarily renamed "Newton Douglas" in his honour.
The nearby village of Blackcraig was once a major lead-mining centre. Granite from the area was used in the construction of most major dock-sides in Britain.
The A75 road runs along the southern edge of the town, and connects the town to Stranraer in the west and Dumfries in the east and forms part of the international E-road, European route E18 from Northern Ireland to Russia.
Local transport in and around the town and to places in South Ayrshire and Dumfries & Galloway is mainly provided by Stagecoach Western, and locally based company James King Coaches.
Newton Stewart’s railway station closed in 1965, as a result of the Beeching Axe. The nearest railway stations being at Stranraer Railway Station and Barrhill Railway Station which are 25 miles and 18.5 miles away from Newton Stewart respectively.
Newton Stewart has three primary schools:
- St Ninian’s RC
The town has one secondary school, the Douglas Ewart High School.
The Dumfries and Galloway Council region is composed of Local Plan Areas and their sub-areas. - From west to east these are: Wigtownshire including Rhins of Galloway; Machars (archaically, Farines); Kirkcudbrightshire; Stewartry (archaically, Desnes); Dumfriesshire; Nithsdale; Annandale & Eskdale.
The term 'Dumfries and Galloway' has been used since at latest the 19th century - by 1911 the three counties had a united Sheriffdom under that name. Dumfries and Galloway covers the majority of the Western area of the Southern Uplands, it also hosts Scotland's most Southerly point, at the Mull of Galloway in the west of the region.
In the town of Newton Stewart there are "administrative centre offices" of the Wigtownshire sub-area of Machars, Wigtownshire, of the Dumfries and Galloway Council.