Newtown, Hampshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Newtown, Hampshire
Newtown Church - geograph.org.uk - 27181.jpg
Newtown Church
Newtown, Hampshire is located in Hampshire
Newtown, Hampshire
Newtown, Hampshire
 Newtown, Hampshire shown within Hampshire
District Basingstoke and Deane
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWBURY
Postcode district RG20
Dialling code 01635
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament North West Hampshire
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 51°22′21″N 1°19′04″W / 51.3724°N 1.3177°W / 51.3724; -1.3177Newtown is a village and civil parish in the English county of Hampshire, located just south of Newbury.

History[edit]

The mediaeval borough of Newtown was formed from part of the parish of Burghclere, and flourished in the 13th and 14th centuries. Sandleford Priory in Berkshire was founded between 1193 and 1202 and an entirely new town was created just over the border in Hampshire. In 1218, the grant of a market and a fair at Newtown was made to the Bishop of Winchester and, in the bishop's account roll of 1218-19, fifty-two burgesses are listed, who occupied sixty-seven plots of land in the new borough. The Prior of Sandleford bought three plots in Newtown. Also in 1218-19, a chapel was built for the local people of the new borough, and was originally known as the Chapel of Sandleford.

In 1224-25, a ditch was dug around the town at the bishop's expense and, in 1225-26, the bishop's own house was built in the borough. By the 16th century, the town had begun to decay, although the reason for its decline is not known, and, in 1674, only sixty-four houses remained, probably scattered throughout the parish. No traces of the medieval borough can be seen above ground today.

Governance[edit]

Newtown shown in the distance of a portrait of the Montagu family of Sandleford Priory by Edward Haytley, 1744.

The village of Newtown is part of the civil parish of Newtown,[1] and is part of the Burghclere, Highclere and St. Mary Bourne ward of Basingstoke and Deane borough council.[2] The borough council is a Non-metropolitan district of Hampshire County Council.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St Mary and St John the Baptist was built in 1865 on the site of the original medieval chapel. The building was financed entirely by Edmund and Elizabeth Arbuthnot.

Industry[edit]

Butchers, bakers, ironmongers and shoemakers were listed in the old borough records, but more recently the parish has been famed locally for making wooden rakes.

Famous people[edit]

Literature[edit]

Newtown churchyard and Newtown Common both feature in Richard Adams' novel, Watership Down.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Newtown, Hampshire at Wikimedia Commons