Newtownbutler

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Newtownbutler
Irish: an Baile Nua[1]
Newtownbutler is located in Northern Ireland
Newtownbutler
Newtownbutler
 Newtownbutler shown within Northern Ireland
Population 970 (2011 Census)
District Fermanagh
County County Fermanagh
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district BT
Dialling code 028
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament Fermanagh and South Tyrone
NI Assembly Fermanagh and South Tyrone
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Fermanagh

Coordinates: 54°10′55″N 7°21′40″W / 54.182°N 7.361°W / 54.182; -7.361

Newtownbutler or Newtown Butler is a small village in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is in the southeast corner of the county, near Lough Erne, the border with County Monaghan, and the town of Clones. It is surrounded by small lakes and bogland. In the 2011 Census it had a population of 970 people.

History[edit]

Newtownbutler began to be built as a Plantation village in the early 18th century. It was built within the townland of Aghagay.[1][2] Originally known as Newtown, it was renamed Newtownbutler when Theophilus Butler was created Baron of the area in 1715.

The local terrain was the undoing of some of the Jacobite forces in 1689 in the Battle of Newtownbutler. A Williamite force of less than 1000 Enniskillen troops captured and killed 3000 of James II’s troops here after they had got lost in an unmarked bog.[citation needed]

The Troubles[edit]

There were thirteen deaths in and around Newtownbutler during The Troubles.

Places of interest[edit]

Crom Estate, Newtownbutler, owned by the National Trust, covers over 1,900 acres (8 km2) of woods, parkland and wetland and is one of Ireland's most important nature conservation areas with the largest surviving area of oak woodland in Northern Ireland. There are also many attractive buildings on the estate, including Crom Old Castle and the romantic folly, Gad Island Tower. The wealth of wildlife at Crom is highlighted by the presence of two rare butterflies - the purple hair-streak and the wood white, as well as the pine marten and the largest herony in Ireland. The 19th-century castle is private and not open to the public.

People[edit]

  • Constantine Scollen (4th April 1841 - 8th November 1902) Rev Fr Constantine Michael Scollen was born just outside the village, on Galloon Island in Loch Erne. He became a famous missionary among the native peoples of North America and actually lived with the people of the Blackfoot Confederacy in Canada for almost a decade. In total he spent over thirty years on the prairies. He died in Dayton, Ohio.

Transport[edit]

Newtownbutler railway station opened on 26 June 1858 and finally closed on 1 October 1957.[3]

There are plans by Waterways Ireland to restore the nearby Ulster Canal from Lough Erne to Clones.

2011 Census[edit]

Newtownbutler is classified as a small village or hamlet by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 500 and 1,000 people). On Census day (27 March 2011) there were 970 people living in Newtownbutler. Of these:

  • 20.9% were aged under 16 years and 13.8% were aged 60 and over
  • 49% of the population were male and 51% were female
  • 81.5% were from a Catholic background; 17% were from a Protestant background and 1.5% were from a Other background
  • 19% indicated that they had a British national identity, 53.5% had an Irish national identity and 27.8% had a Northern Irish national identity.

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Placenames Database of Ireland (see archival records)
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey Ireland - Online map viewer
  3. ^ "Newtownbutler station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 

External links[edit]