|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Dr. Becky Lee Barrick|
|• Total||0.4 sq mi (1 km2)|
|Elevation||528 ft (161 m)|
|• Density||3,084.2/sq mi (1,190.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Newville is served by the Big Spring School District.
Newville is located at .(40.169614, −77.402029)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,367 people, 579 households, and 386 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,084.2 people per square mile (1,199.5/km²). There were 620 housing units at an average density of 1,398.8 per square mile (544.1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.07% White, 0.88% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.44% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.
There were 579 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.78.
In the borough the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $30,313, and the median income for a family was $34,423. Males had a median income of $28,214 versus $21,875 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,922. About 12.2% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.
Newville (New Village) was founded in 1790 when the Big Spring Presbyterian church laid out the town on their land and sold the lots. The first lots were sold to Samuel Finley, Hugh Holmes, William McElwain, Robert and David Officer, Isaac Jamison, and William McMonnagle. The town remained a part of Newton Township until 1817 when it was granted a charter as a borough. In 1837 the Cumberland Valley Railroad came through the area and in 1874 the borough was extended to include the homes and businesses that had grown up along the railroad. The Newville Post Office was established in 1800. On May 4, 2005, federal legislation was passed in congress designating the post office facility in Newville, as the Randall D. Shughart United States Post Office Building. The naming is in honor and commemoration of U.S. Army Sergeant First Class Randall Shughart, a Medal of Honor recipient whose courageous actions in combat cost him his life during the Battle of Mogadishu, Somalia, where he fought under Special Operations Command in October 1993. Shughart's story is depicted in Black Hawk Down, a 2001 film by Ridley Scott, based on the book Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War by Mark Bowden. Shughart is a native of Newville.
- Clement Finley – 10th Surgeon General of the United States Army
- Andy Oyler – Major League ballplayer
- W. Paris Chambers- composer & cornet soloist