Japanese general election, 2014

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Japanese general election, 2014
Japan
2012 ←
members
14 December 2014

All 475 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan:
295 first-past-the-post in single-member districts, 180 by d'Hondt proportional in 11 regional blocs
  Shinzō Abe April 2014.jpg Banri Kaieda cropped 2 Banri Kaieda 20110620 3.jpg Toru Hashimoto, March 17, 2008.JPG
Leader Shinzō Abe Banri Kaieda Tōru Hashimoto
Party Liberal Democratic Democratic Innovation
Leader since 26 September 2012 25 December 2012 21 September 2014
Leader's seat Yamaguchi-4th Tokyo PR not contesting (Mayor of Osaka)
Kanagawa-8th
Last election 294 seats
43.01% (district)
27.79% (block)
57 seats
22.81% (district)
15.49% (block)
new
Current seats 293 seats 55 seats 41 seats

  Natsuo Yamaguchi-1.jpg Takeo Hiranuma0624 cropped.jpg Kazuo Shii cropped.jpg
Leader Natsuo Yamaguchi Takeo Hiranuma Kazuo Shii
Party Kōmeitō Future Generations Communist
Leader since 8 September 2009 1 August 2014 24 November 2000
Leader's seat not contesting (Coun.) Okayama-3rd Minami-Kantō PR
Last election 31 seats
1.49% (district)
11.9% (block)
new 8 seats
7.88% (district)
6.17% (block)
Current seats 31 seats 19 seats 8 seats

  Ichiro Ozawa cropped 3 Yoshitaka Kimoto and Ichiro Ozawa 20010718.jpg
Leader Ichirō Ozawa Tadatomo Yoshida
Party People's Life Social Democratic
Leader since 25 January 2013 14 October 2013
Leader's seat Iwate-4th not contesting (Coun.)
Last election new 2 seats
0.76% (district)
2.38% (block)
Current seats 7 seats 2 seats

Japan Districts of the House of Representatives map font.png

Parliamentary districts not including proportional blocks

Incumbent Prime Minister

Shinzō Abe
Liberal Democratic

Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Japan

The 47th general election of members of the House of Representatives (第47回衆議院議員総選挙 dai-yonjūnanakai Shūgiin giin sōsenkyo?) of Japan will be held on 14 December 2014. Voting will take place in all Representatives constituencies of Japan including proportional blocks, in order to appoint Members of Diet to seats in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. As the cabinet has to resign after a general House of Representatives election in the first post-election Diet session (Constitution, Article 70), the lower house election will also lead to a new designation election of the prime minister in the Diet, and the appointment of a new cabinet (even if the same ministers are re-appointed).

Polling[edit]

Parties' approval ratings from 2013–14

(Source: NHK)

Date
LDP DPJ JRP PFG NKP YP PLP JCP SDP GW NRP UP JIP Other No Party Undecided
7-9 November 36.6% 7.9% 0.2% 2.2% 0.0% 0.0% 3.5% 0.6% 1.2% 0.1% 40.0% 7.7%
11-13 October 40.2% 5.6% 0.1% 4.1% 0.5% 0.1% 3.3% 0.9% 1.4% 0.1% 35.0% 8.8%
5-7 September 40.4% 5.4% 0.7% 0.1% 4.3% 0.0% 0.2% 3.3% 0.5% 0.1% 0.4% 36.9% 7.8%
8-10 August 36.7% 6.4% 1.0% 0.3% 3.0% 0.2% 0.3% 3.2% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 39.4% 8.8%
11-13 July 34.3% 4.8% 1.7% 3.6% 0.5% 0.3% 3.4% 0.9% 0.1% 0.3% 42.5% 7.6%
6-8 June 36.9% 5.1% 1.1% 4.0% 0.4% 0.1% 2.8% 0.6% 0.0% 0.1% 42.4% 6.7%
9-11 May 41.4% 5.6% 1.1% 3.7% 0.2% 0.3% 2.4% 0.9% 0.2% 0.1% 37.2% 6.9%
11-13 April 38.1% 7.4% 1.3% 3.4% 0.9% 0.2% 3.6% 0.6% 0.1% 0.2% 37.2% 5.2%
7-9 March 38.7% 6.5% 1.1% 2.2% 0.8% 0.1% 3.3% 0.8% 0.4% 0.1% 40.0% 5.2%
7-9 February 36.2% 5.8% 1.3% 3.9% 1.1% 0.3% 3.3% 1.4% 0.5% 0.2% 41.0% 5.2%
11-13 January 40.4% 5.8% 1.6% 2.8% 0.8% 0.1% 1.6% 0.7% 0.1% 0.3% 40.3% 5.5%
2014
6-8 December 36.7% 7.8% 2.1% 2.8% 1.2% 0.2% 3.1% 0.6% 0.0% 38.7% 6.8%
8-10 November 41.9% 5.2% 1.8% 4.4% 1.9% 0.3% 3.3% 0.4% 0.3% 35.1% 5.6%
12-14 October 36.1% 5.2% 2.1% 3.8% 1.2% 0.2% 4.0% 0.5% 0.3% 41.8% 4.9%
6-8 September 40.3% 5.5% 2.2% 4.4% 2.1% 0.0% 3.2% 0.7% 0.2% 34.6% 6.8%
9-11 August 37.9% 7.3% 4.6% 4.6% 3.2% 0.2% 3.5% 0.8% 0.9% 30.8% 6.2%
5-7 July 42.5% 8.0% 2.7% 5.3% 3.1% 0.5% 3.7% 0.9% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 24.5% 8.4%
7-9 June 41.7% 5.8% 1.5% 5.1% 1.5% 0.1% 2.2% 0.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 34.6% 7.0%
10-12 May 43.4% 5.3% 2.4% 3.7% 2.3% 0.3% 2.0% 1.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 33.3% 6.1%
5-7 April 43.6% 6.1% 2.1% 3.7% 1.3% 0.4% 2.0% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 34.5% 5.6%
8-10 March 40.1% 7.0% 3.9% 4.4% 3.1% 0.3% 2.1% 0.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 31.8% 6.6%
10-12 February 40.4% 7.0% 5.3% 3.1% 2.6% 0.3% 2.1% 0.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3% 31.7% 6.3%
12–14 January 37.8% 7.6% 6.5% 4.0% 3.7% 0.5% 2.7% 0.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 30.8% 5.4%
2013
Cabinet approval/disapproval ratings
Date PM
Approval Disapproval
7-9 November Shinzo Abe 44% 38%
11-13 October Shinzo Abe 52% 34%
5-7 September Shinzo Abe 58% 28%
8-10 August Shinzo Abe 51% 33%
11-13 July Shinzo Abe 47% 38%
6-8 June Shinzo Abe 52% 32%
9-11 May Shinzo Abe 56% 29%
11-13 April Shinzo Abe 52% 31%
7-9 March Shinzo Abe 51% 30%
7-9 February Shinzo Abe 52% 33%
11-13 January Shinzo Abe 54% 31%
2014
21-22 December[1] Shinzo Abe 49% 34%
6-8 December Shinzo Abe 50% 35%
8-10 November Shinzo Abe 60% 25%
12-14 October Shinzo Abe 58% 26%
6-8 September Shinzo Abe 59% 23%
9-11 August Shinzo Abe 57% 29%
5-7 July Shinzo Abe 57% 25%
7-9 June Shinzo Abe 62% 20%
10-12 May Shinzo Abe 65% 18%
5-7 April Shinzo Abe 66% 19%
23-24 March[2] Shinzo Abe 69% 6%
9-10 March[3] Shinzo Abe 76% 22%
8-10 March Shinzo Abe 66% 18%
10-12 February Shinzo Abe 64% 20%
8-10 February[4] Shinzo Abe 71% 18%
12–14 January Shinzo Abe 64% 22%
11-13 January[5] Shinzo Abe 68% 24%
2013

Other elections[edit]

Generally, the retention referendum (formally kokumin shinsa, "popular review") to confirm judges of the Supreme Court who have been recently appointed or not confirmed for 10 years is held together with a lower house election.

Subnational elections scheduled for December 14 include the prefectural assembly election in Ibaraki.[6] Another prefectural election in December 2014 is the gubernatorial election in Miyazaki, scheduled for December 21.[7]

Boundary changes[edit]

Under 2013 changes to the electoral law designed to reduce malapportionment, district boundaries in 17 prefectures have been redrawn and five districts are eliminated without replacement (one each in Fukui, Yamanashi, Tokushima, Kōchi and Saga). The number of first-past-the-post seats is reduced to 295, the total number of seats decreases to 475.[8]

References[edit]