Next Japanese general election

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48th Japanese general election
2014 ←
on or before 13 December 2018

All 475 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan:
295 first-past-the-post in single-member districts, 180 by d'Hondt proportional in 11 regional blocs
  First party Second party Third party
  Shinzō Abe April 2014.jpg Minister Okada.jpg Kenji Eda Sakado 20141203.JPG
Leader Shinzō Abe Katsuya Okada Kenji Eda
Party Liberal Democratic Democratic Innovation
Leader since 26 September 2012 14 December 2014 21 September 2014
Leader's seat Yamaguchi-4th Mie-3rd Kanagawa-8th
Last election 291 seats
48.1% (district)
33.11% (block)
73 seats
22.5% (district)
18.33% (block)
41 seats
8.2% (district)
15.72% (block)
Seats before 291 seats 73 seats 41 seats

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Natsuo Yamaguchi-1.jpg Kazuo Shii cropped.jpg SDP
Leader Natsuo Yamaguchi Kazuo Shii Tadatomo Yoshida
Party Kōmeitō Communist Social Democratic
Leader since 8 September 2009 24 November 2000 14 October 2013
Leader's seat not contesting (Coun.) Minami-Kantō PR not contesting (Coun.)
Last election 35 seats
1.5% (district)
13.71% (block)
21 seats
13.3% (district)
11.37% (block)
2 seats
0.8% (district)
2.46% (block)
Seats before 35 seats 21 seats 2 seats

Japan Districts of the House of Representatives map font.png

Parliamentary districts not including proportional blocks

Prime Minister before election

Shinzō Abe
Liberal Democratic

Prime Minister-designate


Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
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The 48th general election of members of the House of Representatives (第48回衆議院議員総選挙 dai-yonjūhachikai Shūgiin giin sōsenkyo?) is due to take place on or before 13 December 2018, a barring by Constitution of Japan. Voting will take place in all Representatives constituencies of Japan including proportional blocks, in order to appoint Members of Diet to seats in the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. As the cabinet has to resign after a general House of Representatives election in the first post-election Diet session (Constitution, Article 70), the lower house election will also lead to a new designation election of the prime minister in the Diet, and the appointment of a new cabinet (even if the same ministers are re-appointed).

Date of the election[edit]

Under the post-occupation interpretation of Article 7 of the Constitution, the cabinet may instruct the Emperor to dissolve the House of Representatives before the end of term at will. Elections must be held within 40 days after dissolution.

The only time in postwar history that the House of Representatives was not dissolved before the end of its term was in 1976. If the House of Representatives completes a full four-year term, the election must be held within 30 days before that.


Parties' approval ratings since last GE

(Source: NHK)

6-8 February 41.2% 10.3% 2.2% 4.9% 4.2% 0.1% 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 29.7% 6.5%
10-12 January 39.4% 9.2% 2.7% 4.0% 3.7% 0.4% 0.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.2% 31.9% 7.7%
5-7 December
(Before last GE)
38.1% 11.7% 3.7% 5.9% 4.3% 0.1% 0.9% 0.3% 0.0% 0.1 26.3% 8.5%
Cabinet approval/disapproval ratings
Date PM
Approval Disapproval
6-8 February Shinzo Abe 54% 29%
10-12 January Shinzo Abe 50% 32%
5-7 December
(Before last GE)
Shinzo Abe 47% 38%