Tunisian parliamentary election, 2014

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Tunisian parliamentary election, 2014
Tunisia
2011 ←
26 October 2014 (2014-10-26) → Next

All 217 seats to the Assembly of the Representatives of the People
109 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 69%
  First party Second party Third party
  Beji Caid el Sebsi at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 006.jpg Portrait de Ali Laarayedh.jpg SlimRiahiANC2011.jpg
Leader Béji Caïd Essebsi Ali Laarayedh Slim Riahi
Party Nidaa Tounes Ennahda UPL
Last election Did not contest 89 seats, 37.04% 1 seat, 1.26%
Seats before 6 85 2
Seats won 86 69 16
Seat change Increase 80 Decrease 16 Increase 14

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Hamma Hammami meeting Jemmal.jpg YassineBrahim.JPG
CPR
Leader Hamma Hammami Yassine Brahim Imed Daimi
Party Popular Front Afek Tounes CPR
Last election Did not contest 4 seats, 1.89% 29 seats, 8.71%
Seats before 6 4 12
Seats won 15 8 4
Seat change Increase 9 Increase 4 Decrease 8

Prime Minister before election

Mehdi Jomaa
Independent

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

Coat of arms of Tunisia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Tunisia
Foreign relations

Parliamentary elections were held in Tunisia on 26 October 2014.[1] Campaigning started on 4 October 2014.[2] They were the first elections following the adoption of the new constitution in January 2014, which created a 217-seat Assembly of the Representatives of the People.[3] According to preliminary results, Nidaa Tounes gained a plurality of votes, winning 85 seats in the 217-seat parliament, beating the Ennahda Movement (69 seats) and many smaller parties.

Presidential elections are scheduled a month later on 23 November.[4]

Electoral system[edit]

The 217 members of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People were elected in 33 constituencies. There were 27 multi-member constituencies in Tunisia varying in size from four to ten seats and electing a total of 199. There were also six overseas constituencies electing a total of 18 seats: two constituencies in France electing five seats each, one three-seat constituency in Italy, a single-member constituency in Germany, a two-member constituency covering the rest of Europe and the Americas, and a two-member constituency covering the Arab world and the rest of the world. Seats were elected by party-list proportional representation, using the largest remainder method.[5]

Opinion polls[edit]

Poll results are listed in the table below in chronological order, showing the most recent polls last.

Results[edit]

  Nidaa Tounes: 86 seats
  Ennahdha Movement: 69 seats
  Free Patriotic Union: 16 seats
  Popular Front: 15 seats
  Afek Tounes: 8 seats
  Others: 23 seats

According to the final results released by the Independent High Authority for Elections,[68] Nidaa Tounes took the lead in the election, winning 86 seats in the 217-seat parliament. Ennahda Movement came second with 69 seats losing 16 seats compared to 2011 elections. The biggest losers were CPR of Moncef Marzouki and Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties who were members of a coalition government formed with Ennahda Movement following 2011 elections, and opposition party Current of Love (formerly Aridha Chaabia). On the other hand, there was a noticeable emergence of smaller parties like the UPL of businessman Slim Riahi with 16 seats, Popular Front with 15 seats and Afek Tounes with 8 seats.

Initially, the Elections Authority decided to sanction Nidaa Tounes in Kasserine electoral district by withdrawing one seat following reported irregularities conducted by partisans.[69] However, the decision was overturned by the administrative court after an appeal by Nidaa Tounes. The ruling took away the only seat obtained by Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties leaving the party with no presence in parliament.[70] A low youth voter turnout was recorded with over 80% of 18-25-year-olds boycotting the vote.[71]

Results of the Tunisian parliamentary election 2014 by district.
e • d Summary of the 26 October 2014 Tunisian Assembly of the Representatives of the People election results
Party, coalition and independent lists Votes  % Votes Seats  % Seats Swing
Nidaa Tounes 1,279,941 37.56% 86 39.63% N/A
Ennahda Movement 947,014 27.79% 69 31.79% −20
Free Patriotic Union 140,873 4.13% 16 7.37% +15
Popular Front 124,046 3.64% 15 6.91% +11
Afek Tounes 102,915 3.02% 8 3.68% +5
Congress for the Republic 69,794 2.05% 4 1.84% −25
Democratic Current 66,396 1.95% 3 1.38% N/A
People's Movement 45,839 1.34% 3 1.38% +1
National Destourian Initiative 45,597 1.34% 3 1.38% −2
Current of Love 40,826 1.20% 2 0.92% −24
Republican Party 56,223 1.65% 1 0.46% −15
Democratic Alliance 43,371 1.27% 1 0.46% N/A
Farmers' Voice Party  % 1 0.46% N/A
Movement of Socialist Democrats  % 1 0.46% −1
National Front for Salvation  % 1 0.46% N/A
Independent lists
  • List of the Call of Tunisians Abroad
  • List for the Glory of the Djerid
  • List of the Rehabilitation
 % 3 1.38% N/A
Total 3,408,170 100% 217
Votes cast for lists 3,408,207  %
Blank votes 65,069  %
Total authorized votes 3,473,276  %
Spoilt votes 106,010  %
Votes cast / turnout 3,579,257 69%
Abstentions  %
Registered voters
Source: Independent High Authority for Elections; ElectionsBlog.org

Reactions[edit]

Domestic

Ennahda's Lotfi Zitoun said the party had "accepted this result and congratulate[s] the winner."[72]

International

The result was hailed internationally[73] for its democratic viability as the only one of the major Arab Spring uprisings, including Libya and Egypt, that is not convulsed by instability and turmoil.

In the United States, President Barack Obama hailed the free, fair and non-violent elections as a "milestone," while Secretary of State John Kerry said it was an example of "why Tunisia remains a beacon of hope, not only to the Tunisian people, but to the region and the world."[74]

Other

Comparisons were also drawn to holding Tunisia as a model for Lebanon amidst its own turmoil.[75]

Government formation[edit]

With Nidaa Tounes having won a plurality it has the right to name a prime minister and form a government in coalition.[76] Beji Caid Essebsi said it was too early to talk of a coalition government - including one with Ennahda. Instead he said the Tunisian presidential election, 2014 will give direction to the formation of a new government.[73]

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