Nexus One

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Google Nexus One
Nexusone logo2010-01-22.svg
Nexus One.png
Codename Passion
Brand Google
Manufacturer HTC
Series Google Nexus
Compatible networks GSM/EDGE 850/900/1800/1900 MHz
UMTS 850/1900/2100 MHz
UMTS 900/AWS/2100 MHz
HSDPA 7.2 Mbit/s
HSUPA 2 Mbit/s
GPRS Class 10
First released US, UK, Hong Kong January 5, 2010; 4 years ago (2010-01-05)
Availability by country Canada March 16, 2010 (2010-03-16)
Singapore April 30, 2010 (2010-04-30)
Germany May 25, 2010 (2010-05-25)
Italy May 28, 2010 (2010-05-28)
South Korea July 10, 2010 (2010-07-10)
Discontinued July 18, 2010 (2010-07-18)[1]
Successor Google Nexus S
Related Google Nexus S, Google Galaxy Nexus, Google Nexus 4, Google Nexus 5, Google Nexus 6
Form factor Slate
Dimensions 119 mm (4.7 in) H
59.8 mm (2.35 in) W
11.5 mm (0.45 in) D
Weight 130 g (4.6 oz)
100 g (3.5 oz) without battery
Operating system Android 2.1 Eclair
(upgradable to 2.3.6 Gingerbread via Google firmware)
(upgradable to 4.4.2 KitKat via CyanogenMod)
System on chip Qualcomm Snapdragon QSD8250
CPU 1 GHz Qualcomm Scorpion
GPU Qualcomm Adreno 200
Memory 512 MB
Storage 512 MB (190 MB application storage)
Removable storage microSDHC 4 GB (supports up to 32 GB)
Battery 1400 mAh Internal Rechargeable Li-ion
User replaceable
Data inputs Multi-touch capacitive touchscreen
3-axis accelerometer
A-GPS
Ambient light sensor

Digital compass
Proximity sensor
Push buttons
Trackball
Display At launch: AMOLED
Later: SuperLCD
3.7 in (94 mm) diagonal PenTile
480×800 px 254 ppi
(0.38 Megapixels)
3:5 aspect ratio WVGA
24-bit color
100,000:1 contrast ratio
ms response rate
Rear camera 5.0-megapixel with 2X digital zoom, 2592×1944 max.
Autofocus
LED flash
720×480 video at 20 FPS or higher[2]
Connectivity 3.5 mm TRRS
Bluetooth v2.1 + EDR with A2DP
micro USB 2.0
Wi-Fi IEEE 802.11b/g/n
SAR Head: 0.973 W/kg 1 g
Body: 1.1 W/kg 1 g
Hotspot: -[3]
Hearing aid compatibility Not supported
References [2][4][5][6][7][8]

The Nexus One (codenamed HTC Passion)[9] was an Android smartphone designed and manufactured by HTC as Google's first Google Nexus smartphone. The Nexus One became available on January 5, 2010, and features the ability to transcribe voice to text, an additional microphone for dynamic noise suppression, and voice guided turn-by-turn navigation to drivers.[10][11][12][13][14]

The device was sold SIM unlocked and not restricted to use on a single network provider. Google offered T-Mobile US and AT&T versions of the phone online in the United States before closing the online store in July 2010. A version for use on Vodafone (European) networks was announced on April 26, 2010, available in the UK on April 30, 2010.[15] On March 16, 2010, the Nexus One device became available on the Google web store(Play Store) for sale in Canada for use with most Canadian carriers.[16] In May 2010 Google announced the closing of the web store, with the intention to distribute the phone through partners around the world.[17]

History[edit]

A trademark application for the name "Nexus One" was filed by Google, Inc. on December 10, 2009. The Nexus One trademark was filed in International Trademark Class 9 for "Computer & Software Products & Electrical & Scientific Products" with description of "Mobile phones".[18] On March 15, 2010 it was announced that the application had been declined due to the mark already being granted on December 30, 2008 to Integra Telecom.[19]

On December 12, 2009, Google confirmed in a blog post that they had begun internal testing of the device.[20] Google stated that a "mobile lab device" had been given to its employees, at that time Google had not yet confirmed that a device would be sold to consumers. Wireless phone and data services for the device were not activated nor billed to Google; it was up to the employees to activate and pay for wireless service on their own.[21]

As of April 2010, the Nexus One had shipped to the US, the UK, Hong Kong, Germany and Singapore, although the phone has not been fully localized for non-US markets – the lack of satnav outside the US,[22] UK[23] and Ireland,[24] and the US English "voice keyboard"[25] being the most obvious shortcomings. A June 2010 update saw Google Navigation being enabled for additional 11 countries.[26]

Litigation[edit]

Upon the announcement of the Nexus One, Google received a cease-and-desist complaint by the estate of sci-fi author Philip K. Dick implying that the Nexus One namesake capitalized on intellectual property from his 1968 novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?. Isa Dick Hackett, daughter of Philip K. Dick, and several bloggers believed that the choice of name "Nexus One" as Google's first Android phone was a direct reference to the "Nexus-6" model series of androids in Dick's novel.[27][28][29]

Apple targeted the Nexus One in a patent lawsuit against HTC, which was settled in December 2012.[30][31][32][33]

The Nexus One reportedly had problems with 3G connectivity and touchscreen at launch.[34] Updates have since been issued for the operating system, including the addition of multi-touch abilities in the Android web browser and Google Maps functions. While the updates have reportedly also somewhat improved 3G connectivity for the T-Mobile USA version of the device, similar issues with the AT&T compatible version have not yet been addressed. A class action lawsuit is pending against Google on the matter, as the phone has problems connecting to 3G networks in areas with less than ideal coverage.

Features[edit]

Hardware[edit]

PenTile matrix pixel arrangement of the AMOLED screen

At time of launch, the Nexus One had a 3.7 inch AMOLED screen with PenTile matrix pixel arrangement.[35][36] The raster resolution is 480×800 pixels, however each pixel in the PenTile RGBG display is represented by only two subpixels on average, using subpixel rendering rather than the three found in most displays, meeting the definition of WVGA according to the Video Electronics Standards Association specifications for measuring resolution.[37]

Citing supply shortages of AMOLED displays, HTC announced on July 26, 2010 that the Nexus One would begin using Super LCD display technology instead of AMOLED. The Super LCD display was described as having greater power efficiency and color accuracy than the AMOLED display, while sacrificing the lauded color saturation and deep blacks of the original display. As of January 15, 2011 or earlier, all Nexus Ones available via Brightstar, Google's worldwide distribution partner for Android development phones, shipped with Super LCD instead of AMOLED.[note1 1][38]

The capacitive touchscreen which uses the Synaptics ClearPad 2000 sensor[39] supports multi-touch gestures limited to single finger input and 2×1D two finger gestures.[40][41][42] It has an illuminated trackball which can emit different colors of light based on the type of notification being received. A voice processor developed by Audience uses a second microphone (on the back) to suppress background noise during phone conversations.[43] A 4-conductor TRRS style 3.5mm stereo headset jack is also provided, adding microphone and pause/resume/next/previous functions to the stereo earphones.[2]

The phone features a 5.0-megapixel auto-focus camera with LED flash and digital zoom, GPS receiver, Bluetooth 2.0, and 802.11b/g Wi-Fi abilities.[44][45] The Snapdragon processor allows for many advanced abilities including 720p video playback.[46] There is built in hardware decoding for H.263, H.264 and MPEG-4 video, and can play MP3, AAC+, Ogg Vorbis, WAV, and MIDI audio, and display JPEG, GIF, PNG, and BMP image formats. It has a micro USB port which conforms to the GSMA Universal Charging Solution instead of the common mini-USB port, or HTC's mini-USB compatible format (ExtUSB). The microSD card slot allows expansion up to 32[47] gigabytes of card storage. Applications can be installed either to the 512 MB internal flash memory, of which 190 MB are available for that purpose, or to the microSD card. Many applications, however, are not optimized for installation on external memory, and high data I/O throughput to the microSD may cause applications running off of external memory to freeze.

Network frequencies[edit]

As of March 16, 2010, there are two versions of the Nexus One, which differ in the 3G frequencies they support.[48] The GSM frequencies supported by both models are 850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 1900 MHz. Additionally, the original Nexus One (PB99100) also included UMTS frequency bands 1 (2100 MHz), 4 (1700 MHz), and 8 (900 MHz).[49] The second version of the Nexus One (PB99110) supports UMTS frequency bands 1 (2100 MHz), 2 (1900 MHz), and 5 (850 MHz).

The UMTS radio supports High Speed Packet Access, HSDPA at 7.2 Mbit/s, and HSUPA at 2 Mbit/s.[2]

Software[edit]

The Nexus One home screen displaying Android 2.1 Eclair

The Nexus One was released with Android 2.1 Eclair. The integrated Media Gallery, developed by Cooliris, provides several new features allowing the user to browse, edit, and share photos and videos on the phone. The Nexus One ships with non-removable third-party apps, including "Amazon MP3" and "Facebook".[citation needed]

Later, an OTA update of Android 2.2 Froyo was released, which introduced a number of highlights:[50] a new Home screen, support for Adobe Flash 10.1, better Microsoft Exchange support, Wi-Fi tethering, SD-card installable applications, cloud to device messaging for two-way push sync functionality and an overall 2-5x performance improvement.

The Android 2.2 update caused the Nexus One to develop a serious Wi-Fi connectivity issue which causes the Wi-Fi to continually lose its connection and fail to reconnect.[51][52][53][54] There are reports that Android 2.2.1 had fixed this issue, although there has been no official word from Google.

As of January 28, 2011, Android-based phones have access to more than 210,000 applications through Google Play.[55]

The Nexus One OTA update to Gingerbread (2.3.3) started on February 23, 2011.[56]

The Nexus One currently runs the Google Android 2.3.6 Gingerbread operating system.[57]

Google has stated it will not update the Nexus One to Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) saying the hardware is “too old”;[58] however, third party ROMs are expected.[59][60]

Platform development and modification[edit]

The Nexus One ships with an unlockable bootloader[61] allowing developers to participate in the Android Open Source Project in addition to developing applications.[62] The Nexus One operating system can be unlocked and flashed with the fastboot utility which is part of the Android Open Source Project. Fastboot runs on Linux, Mac OS, or Windows and accesses the Nexus One through the USB port.

The bootloader of the Nexus One is accessed by holding the trackball while powering up the device.[63]

Users are able to gain root privileges on the device by unlocking its bootloader using the fastboot command "fastboot oem unlock."[64] or by uploading specially crafted data packages via the Android debug bridge[65] without the need to unlock the bootloader. Unlocking the bootloader or rooting the device allows the user to install non-official firmware images. Additionally, obtaining root privileges enables a user to override protected operating system features, and install arbitrary software. If using the fastboot command to unlock the bootloader to gain root through use of a custom firmware image, the user is presented with a Google-created screen stating that unlocking the bootloader will void the warranty as well as void any insurance plan.[66] The popular CyanogenMod build of Android has already been released for the device.[67]

Comparison with other phones[edit]

Though the multi-touch experience of the Nexus One is generally similar to that of other multi-touch enabled smartphones (e.g., iPhone, Palm Pre, etc), the Nexus One hardware uses software to "enable" multi-touch ability, resulting in x/y axis confusion and preventing some multi-touch applications (e.g., games) from working as they should, compared to other phones.[68] As of an update released February 2, 2010[69] it has pinch-to-zoom functionality in the phone's Browser, Gallery and Maps applications. In addition to these official applications, 3rd party apps that support multi-touch gestures are available.

HTC Desire[edit]

Main article: HTC Desire

HTC later released the HTC Desire, which has very similar specifications to the Nexus One. The Desire features an optical trackpad rather than a trackball, physical buttons rather than the touch sensitive buttons and an FM radio but lacks the noise cancelling dual microphones present in the Nexus One. The Desire is solely branded as HTC and runs HTC Sense rather than the stock version of Android. Sense can be switched off to get the stock Android experience however this was disabled on the retail HTC Desire.[70]

Reception[edit]

The Nexus One received positive reviews. It was praised for its display, processor, and design, however commentators believed that the phone didn't have enough unique features to gain an advantage against competitors. David Pogue of The New York Times praised the Nexus One for its "gleaming, attractive features; it’s hard to choose which is more gratifying: the speed — instant, smooth response when you’re opening programs and scrolling – or the huge, 3.7-inch touch screen, which has much finer resolution than the iPhone," however criticized its dictation, multitouch screen gestures, and animated wallpapers.[71] Joshua Topolsky of Engadget believed that although the Nexus One was a good smartphone, it is "at its core just another Android smartphone. It's a particularly good one, don't get us wrong – certainly up there with the best of its breed -- but it's not in any way the Earth-shattering, paradigm-skewing device the media and community cheerleaders have built it up to be. It's a good Android phone, but not the last word – in fact, if we had to choose between this phone or the Droid right now, we would lean towards the latter".[72] Kent German of CNET praised the Nexus One's display, processor, and voice functions, however criticized the media player and the requirement to store applications on the phone's internal storage.[73]

Goldman Sachs slashed their estimates for sales of the phone in 2010 by 70% due to the half-hearted marketing efforts by carriers.[74]

Support[edit]

Initially, Google did not provide telephone support and consumers were forced to use its online Android forum.[75] At this time, Google has stopped all support for the phone and customers are directed to contact HTC.

On July 16, 2010, Google announced that the next shipment of Nexus One smartphones would be the last to be sold on their web store, stating "While the global adoption of the Android platform has exceeded our expectations, the web store has not. It’s remained a niche channel for early adopters, but it’s clear that many customers like a hands-on experience before buying a phone."[76] The device continued to be sold through retail stores, and other channel partners as of 2010.[77][78]

As of November 1, 2010 Google have closed the Nexus One support forums, redirecting users to the Google Mobile forum, which only has categories for software. The message shown to users was: "The Nexus One forum will be archived and become read-only on November 1st. Please see the Nexus One Terms of Sale for details regarding support. If you have questions about using applications on your Nexus One post them to the Google Mobile Forum."[79] Also worthy of note is that the link to Terms of Sale on that message has no mention of support, contrary to what the message implies.

As of the announcement of Android 4.0, Ice Cream Sandwich, HTC has announced that there will be no more software updates for the Nexus One, as the hardware is now too old to run the new version of Android effectively.[80]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ To determine whether a phone has the AMOLED or SLCD display, power on while holding the volume down key or pressing the trackball and examine the MICROP line; 0b15 indicates AMOLED while 0c15 indicates SLCD. The internal sticker on the back side of the screen assembly can also be examined; part number 60H00443-03P indicates SLCD and part number 60H00287-00P indicates AMOLED. Finally, USB debugging or a terminal emulator app can also be used to examine the kernel log to determine which display the phone has.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Discontinues the Nexus One Android Phone
  2. ^ a b c d "Nexus One Phone". Google. Retrieved January 6, 2010. [dead link]
  3. ^ http://fccid.net/number.php?id=953214&fcc=NM8PB99110, ID=1235243
  4. ^ "Nexus One Owner's Manual NOOGG-220-101" (PDF). Google. June 16, 2010. pp. 17–19. Archived from the original on March 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  5. ^ 2.3 coming to nexus one confirmed by google
  6. ^ "The Nexus One Arrives". Retrieved January 17, 2010. 
  7. ^ "OET List Exhibits Report". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Nexus One Specifications". forums.t-mobile.com. T-Mobile USA, Inc. January 6, 2010. Archived from the original on March 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  9. ^ Photo: The Nexus One, aka HTC Passion, aka Google Phone, has leaked
  10. ^ Jackson, Rob (January 5, 2010). "Nexus One Now Available...". Phandroid. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  11. ^ Topolsky, Joshua (January 4, 2010). "Nexus One Review". Engadget (AOL News). Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  12. ^ Arrington, Michael (January 5, 2010). "Google Nexus One: The TechCrunch Review". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  13. ^ "Nexus One User Guide" (PDF). Google. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  14. ^ Blankenhorn, Dana (December 30, 2009). "Google building a base under Android with Nexus One". CBS Interactive. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Google Nexus One Launches on Vodafone UK". Vodafone. 2010. Retrieved May 1, 2010. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Nexus One now compatible with the AT&T 3G network and shipping to Canada". Google. 2010. 
  17. ^ Nexus One changes in availability
  18. ^ "Exclusive: Google files for 'Nexus One' Trademark". Androidos.in. December 16, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  19. ^ "Google runs into a problem with Nexus One trademark application". nexus-one.co.uk. March 15, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  20. ^ "Official Google Mobile Blog: An Android dogfood diet for the holidays". Googlemobile.blogspot.com. December 12, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  21. ^ "How do Googlers activate the Nexus One? Just like you and I. – Nexus One Forum – Google Phone Forum". Nexus One Forum. December 22, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  22. ^ Why is Google Nav is only available in USA – Google Mobile Help
  23. ^ Warman, Matt (April 21, 2010). "Google unveils satnav for Android phones". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  24. ^ Google launches free sat nav for Irish Android users – News – News | siliconrepublic.com – Ireland's Technology News Service
  25. ^ UK voice input – Android Help
  26. ^ Fun on the Autobahn: Google Maps Navigation in 11 more Countries – Official Google Mobile Blog
  27. ^ "Nexus Name Irks Author's Estate". The Wall Street Journal. January 5, 2010. 
  28. ^ Wortham, Jenna (December 15, 2009). "Is the Google Phone an Unauthorized Replicant?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-31. 
  29. ^ Sorrel, Charlie (December 16, 2009). "Nexus: Did Google Dream of Electric Lawsuits?". Wired. Retrieved 2010-05-31. 
  30. ^ Apple Targets Nexus One, Maybe Google in Lawsuit – SlipperyBrick.com
  31. ^ Nexus One to Blame for Apple, HTC Lawsuit » Phone Reviews
  32. ^ http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9164938
  33. ^ http://www.financierworldwide.com/article.php?id=10120
  34. ^ Ganapati, Priya (January 12, 2010). "Google Nexus One Leaves Customers Sour". Wired. Retrieved 2010-02-07. Since its introduction last week, support forums have been busily documenting customer problems, mostly 3G service issues, which T-Mobile USA has acknowledged. Google admits it offers no telephone support and can take three days to answer e-mails. 
  35. ^ Ganapati, Priya (March 1, 2010). "iPhone's LCD Screen Beats Nexus One's OLED Display". Wired. Retrieved March 3, 2010. 
  36. ^ "Nexus One's AMOLED screen under the microscope". stealthcopter.com. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  37. ^ "Application Note Measuring Display Resolution with Contrast Modulation Methodology". Nouvoyance. Retrieved March 4, 2011. 
  38. ^ "How to tell screen type when screen is faulty". NexusOneForum.net. Retrieved September 27, 2012. 
  39. ^ Synaptics Press Center (11 Jan 2010). "Synaptics ClearPad on Nexus One Smartphone". Retrieved 2010-05-24. 
  40. ^ "Synaptics ClearPad 2000 Product Brief". Retrieved 2010-05-24. 
  41. ^ "Nexus One has a major multitouch problem". Neowin. Retrieved March 6, 2010. 
  42. ^ Luke Hutchison (10 Jan 2009). "The REAL reason for no multitouch on the G1 at time of release". Retrieved 2010-05-24. The main technichal (sic) problem is that the Synaptics screen is not a true 2D multitouch device. It is a 2×1D device
  43. ^ "The magical chip that delivers Nexus One’s call quality | VentureBeat". Mobile.venturebeat.com. January 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  44. ^ "Nexus One Phone – Feature overview & Technical specifications". Google. Retrieved 2010-01-18. [dead link]
  45. ^ "Nexus One – Google Phone Gallery". Google. Retrieved 2010-10-12. 
  46. ^ Musil, Steven (January 10, 2010). "Nexus One's hardware estimated to cost $175". CNET News (2010 CBS Interactive Inc.). Retrieved January 10, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Nexus One Phone – Owners Guide". Google. Retrieved 2010-07-05. 
  48. ^ "Nexus One Phone – Feature overview & Technical specifications". Google. Retrieved May 29, 2010. [dead link]
  49. ^ Stokes, John (January 5, 2010). "Liveblog: Google Android Press Event". Ars Technica (Ars Technica). Retrieved January 6, 2010. 
  50. ^ "Android 2.24 Platform Highlights". Google. Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  51. ^ "Whats wrong with the Nexus ONe's WiFi ?!?!!!!!". 
  52. ^ "Nexus 1 WiFi connectivity problems: hot spots signal too low even I am near those devices.". 
  53. ^ "Nexus One will not connect to wifi network". 
  54. ^ "Nexus one cant connect to wifi". 
  55. ^ "Android Market Statistics". AndroLib.com. Retrieved 2011-01-28. 
  56. ^ "Nexus One Android 2.3.3 Gingerbread Official Update". NewsDen. 
  57. ^ "Nexus One updated to Android 2.3.6 (GRK39F)". Android Central. 
  58. ^ http://techcrunch.com/2011/10/26/the-nexus-one-isnt-invited-to-the-ice-cream-sandwich-social/
  59. ^ http://androidandme.com/2011/10/news/nexus-one-too-old-to-be-upgraded-to-ice-cream-sandwich/
  60. ^ http://mobiputing.com/2011/10/google-wont-release-android-4-0-for-the-nexus-one-but-someone-else-probably-will/
  61. ^ Romain Guy (5 Jan 2010). "Nexus One for platform development". Retrieved 2010-03-03. The bootloader is unlockable out of the box, no need to crack it.
  62. ^ "Android Open Source Project". Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  63. ^ Taylor Wimberly (January 11, 2010). "How to unlock and root a Nexus One". AndroidandMe.com. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  64. ^ "Getting root on your new Nexus One Android Google Phone | HydTech". Hydtechblog.com. January 5, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  65. ^ Constrabus (26 Jun 2010). "[Tutorial] Root FRF85B/FRF83/FRF72(T-Mo/AT&T) Without Unlocking (100% Confirmed)". 
  66. ^ How to unlock the bootloader on your Nexus One – Android @ MoDaCo
  67. ^ "CyanogenMod 5.0 ROM for Nexus One released". Android Community. January 2, 2010. Retrieved 2001-01-02. 
  68. ^ Motorola Droid vs Nexus One: Multitouch Test on YouTube
  69. ^ "Nexus One Update Announcement". googlenexusoneboard.blogspot.com. February 2, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 
  70. ^ AndroidCentral
  71. ^ Pogue, David (January 5, 2010). "Google Shakes but Doesn’t Upend the Cellphone Market". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 20, 2013. 
  72. ^ "Nexus One review". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved October 20, 2013. 
  73. ^ German, Kent (January 6, 2010). "HTC Nexus One by Google review". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  74. ^ "Carrier apathy depresses Google Phone outlook". 
  75. ^ "Support Problems Good Reason to Avoid Nexus One". PC World. January 11, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-07. Since its introduction last week, support forums have been busily documenting customer problems, mostly 3G service issues, which T-Mobile USA has acknowledged. Google admits it offers no telephone support and can take three days to answer e-mails. 
  76. ^ "Nexus One changes in availability". 
  77. ^ Android Developers Blog: Nexus One Developer Phone
  78. ^ Gross, Doug (July 19, 2010). "Google quietly kills its once-hyped Nexus One phone". CNN. Retrieved August 8, 2010. 
  79. ^ "Android Help". October 25, 2010. 
  80. ^ Warman, Matt (October 26, 2011). "Android upgrade for Google Nexus S ‘in weeks’". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved November 5, 2011. 

External links[edit]