Neyyattinkara

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This article is about the town. For the taluk, see Neyyattinkara taluk.
Neyyattinkara
നെയ്യാറ്റിന്‍കര
Town
Neyyattinkara is located in Kerala
Neyyattinkara
Neyyattinkara
Coordinates: 8°24′N 77°05′E / 8.4°N 77.08°E / 8.4; 77.08Coordinates: 8°24′N 77°05′E / 8.4°N 77.08°E / 8.4; 77.08
Country  India
State Kerala
Government
 • Body Neyyattinkara Municipality
 • Chairman S S Jayakumar, (Indian National Congress party)
 • Vice Cahirperson Adv. L S Sheela, (Indian National Congress party)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) R. Selvaraj, (Indian National Congress party)
 • Member of Parliament Shashi Tharoor, (Indian National Congress party, Re-elected in 2014)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 70,850 (municipality)
880,986 (taluk)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam · English
 • Spoken languages Malayalam, English, Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 695 121
Telephone code 91 (0)471 XXX XXXX
Vehicle registration KL-20
Coastline 78 kilometres (48 mi)
Sex ratio 1064
Literacy 98.72%
Planning agency P W D Neyyattinkara
Civic agency Neyyattinkara Municipality
Distance from Mumbai 1,563 kilometres (971 mi) NW (land)
Distance from Delhi 2,834 kilometres (1,761 mi) N (land)
Climate Am/Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,700 millimetres (67 in)
Avg. annual temperature 27.2 °C (81.0 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 24.4 °C (75.9 °F)
Website www.neyyattinkaramunicipality.in

Neyyattinkara [Standard and generally accepted abbreviations are NTA (used by general public) or NYY (used by Indian railway)] in Thiruvananthapuram district is a municipal Town 20 km south of the kerala State capital Trivandrum on the National Highway 47 to Kanyakumari. The town spreads over an area of 16.21 km2 on the banks of the Neyyar River and is the headquarters of the Neyyattinkara taluk and the Neyyattinkara Revenue Division. It is a suburb of the extended metropolitan region of Thiruvananthapuram city. The name 'Neyyattinkara' in Malayalam regional language means shore (kara) of Neyyar River. This river flows from Agasthyarkoodam, the highest peak (1868m above MSL) in southern end of the Western Ghats.

The town comes under the surveillance of Neyyattinkara Municipality and it is the major town on the banks of Neyyar River. The rapidly growing Thiruvananthapuram city has almost reached its outskirts. The town is mostly residential, with lots of service sector establishments.

One of the most outstanding features of Neyyattinkara town is its transport service. There is 24 hours (in frequent intervals and as per the prescribed time schedule) to and fro bus service in NH 47 connecting Nagarcoil » Neyyattinkara » Trivandrum. Further, there is to and fro rail service connecting Nagarcoil » Neyyattinkara » Trivandrum.

Amaravila CSI church or C S I Amaravila founded in 1810 and known in those days as Emily Chapel, an oldest Church of Anglican Communion, is one of the main attractions of Neyyatiinkara Town.[1]

Christ Nagar (Prayer Gardens is situated in Christ Nagar), Keerthy Nagar, Mythry Nagar, New Street, Thozhukkal, Pallivilakom, Chembarathivila (Neyyattinkara sub-jail/prison is situated in Chembarathivila), Koottapana, Irumbil, Thavaravila, Vadakkey Kotta (includes Krishnan Koil), T B Junction (this area is so close to the administrative building of Neyyattinkara Municipality, Neyyattinkara Fire and Rescue Service and Railway Station), Ooruttukala, Convent Road (St. Theresa's HSS and Vidhyadhi Raja schools are situated in this road), Krishna Nagar, R C Street, Palakkadavu, Vlangamuri, Amaravila and Chaikkottukonam are the major residential areas in Neyyattinkara Municipal Limit.

Aruvippuram (7 km from Neyyattinkara town), the holy land of Sree Narayana Guru is an important pilgrim centre.

History[edit]

Unfinished Cave Temple in Vizhinjam [South-West side of NTA Town, constructed by the rulers of the Ay kingdom (857-885 AD)]

Cave pictures, probably by Neolithic people, are found in Pandavanpara, located in the North east side of Neyyattinkara towards Kattakkada route. The name of this portion of land, before Marthanda Varma became the ruler of Travancore, was 'Thenganad'.

The megaliths recently unearthed at Vizhinjam shows a splendorous display of craftsmanship that was prevalent in the region from the Middle Eras. Studies are going on to ascertain the ancient history of this region. Some of the historic relics of NTA are:

  1. Pandavan Para (believed to be having 5,000-year-old human inscriptions)
  2. Vizhinjam Cave Temple (constructed by the rulers of the Ay kingdom)
  3. Anantha Victoria Marthandan Canal (constructed during the British rule)
  4. Neyyattinkara's first library Njanapradayini[2]

Times of Travancore Dynasty[edit]

Sreekrishna Swami Temple, Neyyattinkara Town founded by Marthanda Varma in 1775

Sree Krishna Swami Temple in the town-centre stands as a rare example of merger between legend and reality. According to the legend it was here the Travancore king Marthanda Varma once hid inside the hollow trunk of a Jackfruit tree to escape from his enemies during his war against the 'ettuveetil pillamar' (the eight nair chieftains). The King prayed to Lord Krishna for helping him as he was being surrounded by the enemies. At that time, a mysterious child asked the King to hide himself inside the hollow trunk of a large jack tree standing there. The jack tree popularly known as 'Ammachiplavu' (Mother Jack Tree) since then, could still be seen preserved in the Shri Krishna Swamy Temple located in the heart of the town. This temple was built by Marthanda Varma in the year 1755, as a thanksgiving to the Lord Krishna, who helped him to win the ordeal.

Independence struggle[edit]

Neyyattinkara is the birthplace of renowned revolutionaries like Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai, Athazhamangalam VeeraRaghavan who fought for Indian independence and against the dictatorial rule of Travancore Diwans. Neyyattinkara is the land of many uprisings against British rule in India. The brutal crackdown by British military resulted in death of many freedom fighters including Veeraraghavan. A monument reminding the new generations of these struggles could be seen in the heart of the town, in front of the Town Police Station. The Father of Nation of India, Mahatma Gandhi, had spent a day at Madhavi Mandiram (name of a house) in Neyyattinkara.

Geography[edit]

Neyyattinkara is located at 8°24′N 77°05′E / 8.4°N 77.08°E / 8.4; 77.08.[3] It has an average elevation of 26 metres (85 feet). The town is situated on the Neyyar River side, one of the principal rivers in Trivandrum district. The river flows to the south part of the town. Water Supply for the town and the adjacent places is obtained from this river. Topography of the town is rather uneven, with higher areas in the downtown. Nearby the town is the hillock Aruvippuram. The Western Ghats form a scenic backdrop to the town. The town is sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. The nearby sea shore is just 10 km. away in west, and seven kilometres to the east can take you to the mammoth hillocks of Sahyadri. The geology is said to be typical of the Kerala soil - the Laterite and Red soil. The town can still boast of a good green cover in residential and non-residential areas.

Closest cities, towns and villages[edit]

Neighbouring cities & towns