|• Body||Neyyattinkara Municipality|
|• Chairman||S S Jayakumar, (Indian National Congress party)|
|• Vice Cahirperson||Adv. L S Sheela, (Indian National Congress party)|
|• Member of the Legislative Assembly (India)||R. Selvaraj, (Indian National Congress party)|
|• Member of Parliament||Shashi Tharoor, (Indian National Congress party, Re-elected in 2014)|
|Elevation||26 m (85 ft)|
|• Total||70,850 (municipality)
|• Official||Malayalam · English|
|• Spoken languages||Malayalam, English, Tamil|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 (0)471 XXX XXXX|
|Coastline||78 kilometres (48 mi)|
|Planning agency||P W D Neyyattinkara|
|Civic agency||Neyyattinkara Municipality|
|Distance from Mumbai||1,563 kilometres (971 mi) NW (land)|
|Distance from Delhi||2,834 kilometres (1,761 mi) N (land)|
|Precipitation||1,700 millimetres (67 in)|
|Avg. annual temperature||27.2 °C (81.0 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||35 °C (95 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||24.4 °C (75.9 °F)|
Neyyattinkara [Standard and generally accepted abbreviations are NTA (used by general public) or NYY (used by Indian railway)] in Thiruvananthapuram district is a municipal Town 20 km south of the kerala State capital Trivandrum on the National Highway 47 to Kanyakumari. The town spreads over an area of 16.21 km2 on the banks of the Neyyar River and is the headquarters of the Neyyattinkara taluk and the Neyyattinkara Revenue Division. It is a suburb of the extended metropolitan region of Thiruvananthapuram city. The name 'Neyyattinkara' in Malayalam regional language means shore (kara) of Neyyar River. This river flows from Agasthyarkoodam, the highest peak (1868m above MSL) in southern end of the Western Ghats.
The town comes under the surveillance of Neyyattinkara Municipality and it is the major town on the banks of Neyyar River. The rapidly growing Thiruvananthapuram city has almost reached its outskirts. The town is mostly residential, with lots of service sector establishments.
One of the most outstanding features of Neyyattinkara town is its transport service. There is 24 hours (in frequent intervals and as per the prescribed time schedule) to and fro bus service in NH 47 connecting Nagarcoil » Neyyattinkara » Trivandrum. Further, there is to and fro rail service connecting Nagarcoil » Neyyattinkara » Trivandrum.
Christ Nagar (Prayer Gardens is situated in Christ Nagar), Keerthy Nagar, Mythry Nagar, New Street, Thozhukkal, Pallivilakom, Chembarathivila (Neyyattinkara sub-jail/prison is situated in Chembarathivila), Koottapana, Irumbil, Thavaravila, Vadakkey Kotta (includes Krishnan Koil), T B Junction (this area is so close to the administrative building of Neyyattinkara Municipality, Neyyattinkara Fire and Rescue Service and Railway Station), Ooruttukala, Convent Road (St. Theresa's HSS and Vidhyadhi Raja schools are situated in this road), Krishna Nagar, R C Street, Palakkadavu, Vlangamuri, Amaravila and Chaikkottukonam are the major residential areas in Neyyattinkara Municipal Limit.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Closest cities, towns and villages
- 4 Wards in Neyyattinkara Municipal Area
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Notable People
- 7 C S I Churches in Neyyattinkara Town
- 8 Diocese of Neyyattinkara
- 9 Community Churches in Neyyattinkara Town
- 10 List of hospitals
- 11 Educational institutions
- 12 Politics
- 13 Industry
- 14 Transport
- 15 Train Timings from Neyyattinkara (Up to July, 2014)
- 16 Dining out
- 17 Shopping
- 18 See also
- 19 References
Cave pictures, probably by Neolithic people, are found in Pandavanpara, located in the North east side of Neyyattinkara towards Kattakkada route. The name of this portion of land, before Marthanda Varma became the ruler of Travancore, was 'Thenganad'.
The megaliths recently unearthed at Vizhinjam shows a splendorous display of craftsmanship that was prevalent in the region from the Middle Eras. Studies are going on to ascertain the ancient history of this region. Some of the historic relics of NTA are:
- Pandavan Para (believed to be having 5,000-year-old human inscriptions)
- Vizhinjam Cave Temple (constructed by the rulers of the Ay kingdom)
- Anantha Victoria Marthandan Canal (constructed during the British rule)
- Neyyattinkara's first library Njanapradayini
Times of Travancore Dynasty
Sree Krishna Swami Temple in the town-centre stands as a rare example of merger between legend and reality. According to the legend it was here the Travancore king Marthanda Varma once hid inside the hollow trunk of a Jackfruit tree to escape from his enemies during his war against the 'ettuveetil pillamar' (the eight nair chieftains). The King prayed to Lord Krishna for helping him as he was being surrounded by the enemies. At that time, a mysterious child asked the King to hide himself inside the hollow trunk of a large jack tree standing there. The jack tree popularly known as 'Ammachiplavu' (Mother Jack Tree) since then, could still be seen preserved in the Shri Krishna Swamy Temple located in the heart of the town. This temple was built by Marthanda Varma in the year 1755, as a thanksgiving to the Lord Krishna, who helped him to win the ordeal.
Neyyattinkara is the birthplace of renowned revolutionaries like Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai, Athazhamangalam VeeraRaghavan who fought for Indian independence and against the dictatorial rule of Travancore Diwans. Neyyattinkara is the land of many uprisings against British rule in India. The brutal crackdown by British military resulted in death of many freedom fighters including Veeraraghavan. A monument reminding the new generations of these struggles could be seen in the heart of the town, in front of the Town Police Station. The Father of Nation of India, Mahatma Gandhi, had spent a day at Madhavi Mandiram (name of a house) in Neyyattinkara.
Neyyattinkara is located at  It has an average elevation of 26 metres (85 feet). The town is situated on the Neyyar River side, one of the principal rivers in Trivandrum district. The river flows to the south part of the town. Water Supply for the town and the adjacent places is obtained from this river. Topography of the town is rather uneven, with higher areas in the downtown. Nearby the town is the hillock Aruvippuram. The Western Ghats form a scenic backdrop to the town. The town is sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. The nearby sea shore is just 10 km. away in west, and seven kilometres to the east can take you to the mammoth hillocks of Sahyadri. The geology is said to be typical of the Kerala soil - the Laterite and Red soil. The town can still boast of a good green cover in residential and non-residential areas..
Closest cities, towns and villages
Poovar beach is 12 km from the town; Kovalam beach is 15 km from the town. The distance between Neyyattinkara town and Vizhinjam International Seaport is 14 km. Ponmudi is 35 km from the town. Neyyar Dam (31 km from Neyyattinkara town), is another popular picnic spot. Kanyakumari is 60 km from Neyyattinkara town.
Wards in Neyyattinkara Municipal Area
 Neyyattinkara Municipal Area is divided into 44 wards. The respective ward numbers assigned by the Municipality are given in brackets. For official matters ward numbers are generally mentioned in Roman numerals. The wards are: (1). Aralummoodu, (2) Puthanambalam, (3) Moonnukallinmoodu, (4) Koottappana, (5) Pallivilakam, (6) Punnakkadu, (7) Kalathuvila, (8) Vadakodu, (9) Muttakkadu, (10) Elavanikkara, (11) Mampazhakkara, (12) Mullaravila, (13) Perumpazhuthoor, (14) Alampotta, (15) Plavila, (16) Thozhukkal, (17) Vazhuthoor (includes Christ Nagar, Mythry Nagar and Keerthi Nagar), (18) Kollavamvila, (19) Thavaravila, (20) kulathamal, (21) Chaikottukonam, (22) Maruthathoor, (23) Irumbil (includes Arakkunnu and Stuart Nagar), (24) Fort (includes Vadakkey-kotta & Police Quarters), (25) Vlangamuri, (26) Krishnapuram, (27) Rameswaram, (28) Narayanapuram, (29) Amaravila, (30) Pullamala, (31) Pirayummoodu, (32) Olathanni, (33) Chundavila, (34) Athazhamangalam, (35) Kavalakulam, (36) Panagattukari, (37) Nilamel, (38) Manaloor, (39) Ooruttukala, (40) Alummoodu, (41) Town, (42) Brahmamkodu, (43) Athiyannoor, (44) Vazhimukku
These 44 wards are under the surveillance of Neyyattinkara Municipality (a local self-government or LSG). In each ward there is a Ward Councillor democratically elected for a period of 5 years. These Councillors represent the people in the ward concerned. In most of the wards there are Kudumbasree units of Kudumbashree Mission (Kerala) initiated for the development of womenfolk especially unemployed housewives.
Community-building Organizations in Municipal AreaIn most of the wards in Neyyattinkara Municipal Area there are Residents' associations registered under "The Travancore-Cochin Literary, Scientific and Charitable Societies Registration Act, 1955" working for the welfare of the public. A few residents' associations in the Municipal Area were joined together and formed Federation of Residents' Associations, Neyyattinkara (FRAN)  to move as a social unit so as to get all the welfare measures from the Local Self Government (viz. Municipality) and the State Government. Major Residents’ Associations in Municipal Area are:
In April 2010, Vazhuthoor Ward set as a model in food security through the Swabhimanam Self-Sufficiency programme spearheaded by Adv. Vinod Sen (Indian National Congress party), the then ward Councillor of Vazhuthoor Ward. As an incentive in appreciation for the efforts put in by the local bodies in taking government’s health care projects to the grassroots, Neyyattinkara Municipality got Arogyakeralam award 2012-13. Now Adv. L. S Sheela (Indian National Congress party), who is the Vice-chairperson and Finance and Standing Committee Chairperson of Neyyattinkara Municipality is the ward councilor of Christ Nagar, Mythry Nagar, Keerthi Nagar, New Street and Vazhuthoor residential areas that come under Vazhuthoor Ward.
Population of Neyyattinkara Town (Municipal Area) as on 1991-03-01 was 30,419. However, the population rose to 69,467 on 2001-03-01 and rose again to 70,850 on 2011-03-01., which grades it under Class-II town. Most of the urban population lies within the municipality area which is densely occupied. There is often an inflow of people into the town and nearby areas, for the ease of access to a plethora of institutions, which provide various services. Convent Road is one of the most densely occupied regions in the town, with a number of educational institutions like St.Thereses' Convent, Sree Vidyaadhiraja HSS, and a lot more. Out pockets of the town include Vazhuthoor, Perumpazhuthoor, Amaravila, Aralummood, etc.
Apart from Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai, the legendary journalist of all times, two eminent and famous Karnatic musicians, Neyyattinkara M.K.Mohanachandran and Neyyattinkara Vasudevan were born in this historic town. Famous cricketer Abhishek Nayar's family is from Neyyattinkara. Gandhian and social reformer G. Ramachandran was also born in Neyyattinkara.  Famous personalities who hailed from Neyyattinkara are: 
C S I Churches in Neyyattinkara Town
Neyyattinkara Area: (1) C S I Aralumoodu (2). C S I Chenkottukonam (3). C S I Chittacode (4). C S I Christhupuram (5). C S I Neyyattinkara (D.C) (6). C S I Neyyattinkara Metro (7). C S I Sharon Muttacaud Thozhukkal Area (8). C S I Chemmannuvila (9). C S I Kalathuvila (10). C S I Kunnuvila (11). C S I Malanchani (12). C S I Neyyatinkara Central (13). C S I Perumpazhuthoor (14). C S I Punnacadu (15). C S I Thozhukal (D.C) Amaravila Area: (16) C S I Amaravila (D.C), (17). C S I Asapuram, (18). C S I Chaikottukonam, (19). C S I Ismanipuram, (20). C S I Kudumbode, (21). C S I Kurumbal, (22). C S I Palappally, (23). C S I Pasukottukonam, (24). C S I Plancheri Irumbil Area: (25). C S I Irumbil (D.C) (26). C S I Nediyakala (27). C S I Neyyattinkara Town, Christ Nagar (28). C S I Pottayil (29). C S I Thavaravila (30). C S I Thenguvilakuzhi kariprakonam Area: (31). C S I Elavanikkara (32). C S I Kariprakonam (D.C) (33). C S I Koovode (34). C S I Mampazhakara (35). C S I Melariyode (36). C S I Muttacadu Perumkadavila Area: (37). C S I Acqudate (38). C S I Ancode (39). C S I Aruvikara (40). C S I Christhugiri (41). C S I Chulliyoor (42). C S I Manaluvila (43). C S I Mannarakonam (44). C S I Marayamuttam (45). C S I Melkonam (46). C S I Myladumpara (47). C S I Perumkadavila (D.C) (48). C S I Thottavaram Poovathoor Area: (49). C S I Ambayinthala (50). C S I Kaippallikonam (51). C S I Kunnathukal Town (52). C S I Manchavilakom (53). C S I Mannamcode (54). C S I Poovathoor (D.C) (55). C S I Thathiyoor Moolakonam Area: (56). C S I Araumaloor (57). C S I Cheenivila (58). C S I Govindamangalam (59). C S I Mannadikonam (60). C S I Moolakonam (D.C) (61). C S I Palkunnu (62). C S I Perumulloor (63). C S I Poovanvila (64). C S I Pullayil (65). C S I Punnavoor
Out of the above 65 C S I churches in Neyyattinkara town, the oldest churches are C S I Amaravila and C S I Thozhukkal and the latest one is C S I Neyyattinkara Town situated down by the Neyyar riverside and in the midst of Christ Nagar Residential Area in Christ Nagar. C S I Amaravila or Amaravila C S I Church was established in 1810 and it was known in those days as Emily Chappel. Thozhukkal C S I Church or C S I Thozhukkal was founded by Rev. John Cox in 1845.
Diocese of Neyyattinkara On 14 June 1996, His Holiness Pope John Paul II by the Bull “Ad Aptius Provehendum” erected the
How to reach Kurisumala (Holy Cross Hills) in Vellarada
There is a KSRTC Super-fast bus from Erattupetta KSRTC stand at 5.00 am everyday to Vellarada . The bus goes via Bharananganam » Palai » Kottayam » Changanassery » Thiruvalla » Kottarakkara » Trivandrum » Neyyattinkara » Vellarada.
Community Churches in Neyyattinkara Town
There are a number of Evangelical Churches in the form of community churches in Neyyattinkara Town and these unitary churches may be affiliated to Indian Pentecostal Church of God, Assemblies of God, Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church, Malankara Christian Church, Lutheran, Evangelical Church of India etc.
There are also Syro-Malabar Catholic Churches or Saint Thomas Christians or in Malayalam നസ്രാണികൾ (Nazranikal) in Neyyattikara town. Unless migrated to Neyyattinkara from Kottayam area or residents of Kottayam district or any other district married to C S I people or any other Christian community in Neyyattinkara, these Saint Thomas Christians are generally Nadar (caste) Christians.
List of hospitals
The town has seen an upsurge of many quality medical institutions providing medical care at affordable rates. But the Govt. District Hospital still remains the major help-hand for the majority of the people. Increasing dependency on the private hospitals is also seen. But highly critical cases are often referred to the Trivandrum Medical College.
Establishment of many private hospitals like NIMS have improved the quality of healthcare. NIMS Medicity (as the proprieters say) is hailed to be the largest heart and liver care foundation in the whole of south Kerala. Thus, the town is emerging as a major centre of healthcare in the region. It has seen an influx of people from far-flung areas of the state as well as nearby Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu.
The main hospitals in the town are:
Major Medical Labs in Neyyattinkara Hospital JN.
The town has a number of secondary, and higher secondary educational institutions, plus a number of Polytechnics, and Engineering Colleges in the vicinity. The Govt. HSS in the town is one of the oldest schools in the entire state. It was established long before in the 1890s. It has churned out a number of proficient people, who have excelled in every field.
List of Colleges in Neyyattinkara
List of Schools in Neyyattinkara
Neyyattinkara taluk includes 4 assembly constituencies (Kattakada,Neyyattinkara,Parassala,Kovalam) in the Kerala Legislative Assembly. In early 2012, Neyyattinkara constituency attracted state-wide attention, as it witnessed a much fiercely contested by-elections that Kerala Politics have ever seen caused by the resignation of the incumbent MLA R.Selvaraj. The tri-cornered contest was between O.Rajagopal of BJP, F.Lawrence of CPI(M) and Selvaraj(Now, of INC), with Selvaraj emerging as the winner finally.
Kattakada MLA: N.Sakthan, (Indian National Congress party, Deputy Speaker)
Parassala MLA: A.T.George, (Indian National Congress party)
Kovalam MLA: Jameela Prakasam, (Janata Dal (Secular))
In the 2014 Parliament Election (held on 2014-04-20) Dr. Shashi Tharoor (UDF) got maximum number of votes from Neyyattinkara Constituency i.e., Neyyattinkara – UDF – 48,009, BJP – 28958, LDF – 39806; Dr. Tharoor got an additional 19,051 votes against BJP from Neyyattinkara Constituency alone that resulted in his ultimate success against BJP. Finally, he won the election with 14,501 votes. The election results of other constituencies in this regard are: Parassala – UDF – 50360, BJP – 39753, LDF – 47953; Kovalam – UDF – 51401, BJP – 36169, LDF – 42112; Nemom – UDF – 32639, BJP – 50685, LDF – 31643; Thiruvananthapuram – UDF – 39027, BJP 40835, LDF – 27385; Vattiyoorkavu – UDF – 40663, BJP – 43589 – LDF, 27504; Kazhakoottam – UDF 34220, BJP – 41,829, LDF - 31799
The major factory in the town is the Kerala Automobiles Limited (KAL) at Aralummoodu. It builds three wheelers, especially suited for cargo transport. It is a much sought after brand in the developing ASEAN nations for good quality three-wheelers.
Neyyattinkara and the neighbouring areas has many cottage industries and handloom. The Balaramapuram Handloom Industry is known worldwide for its fine hosiery. There is a major handloom cloth manufacturing unit at Manchavilakam near Neyyattinkara.
The town of Neyyattinkara is well connected to the capital city of Thiruvananthapuram, 20 km away, through regular bus services operated by Kerala State Road Transport Corporation. Neyyattinkara KSRTC Bus Depot is the largest in the taluk and operates a wide array of services. These also include long-distance services to Guruvayoor, Thrissur, Kozhikode, Chakkulath Kaavu, Kollam, Ernakulam, Kanniyakumari, etc. A/C Low Floor buses frequently ply along the Neyyattinkara-East Fort-Medical College-Kazhakkuttam route. There are 24 hour bus service between Trivandrum to Nagarcoil via Neyyattinkara town and Nagarcoil to Trivandrum via Neyyattinkara town. Phone number of KSRTC Neyyattinkara is 0471 2222243
The nearest airport is Thiruvananthapuram International Airport (25 km).
Neyyattinkara Railway Station is located on the Mangalore- Trivandrum - Kanyakumari Railway line. Neyyattinkara railway station code is 'NYY'. Except weekly trains (trains run once in a week), all other daily express trains and passenger trains through this route stop at the station. Thus the town is connected by major cities in India, including Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, Mangalore, Pune, etc.
The Trivandrum Central railway station is about (20 km) from the town. Express trains will take 13 minutes to reach Trivandrum city from Neyyattinkara town, however, passenger / Shuttle trains will take 30 minutes (since these trains have stops at Balaramapuram and Nemom in between Neyyattinkara Town and Trivandrum City).
Train Timings from Neyyattinkara (Up to July, 2014)
There have been a number of eateries in and around the town, most serving fast food, or vegetarian food. Recent times have seen new outlets springing up, attributed to the more rich, and spending middle class. These include (1) Edayarackal Residency, Alumoodu, Neyyattinkara also known as Silver Dew Three-Star Restaurant, and (2) Hotel Vismaya, Alumoodu, Neyyattinkara
The establishment of big malls in Trivandrum City have had almost no influence on the town dwellers. Lots of shops serving almost all good are available in the town itself. A Mall Culture, by itself is absent; though, there is an Akshaya Shopping Complex (opposite to Neyyattinkara KSRTC Bus-stand), which houses many textiles, utility stores and banks. This complex is owned by the Municipal Authorities. There is also a Real Value Super Market in Alumoodu.