Ng Poon Chew

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Ng Poon Chew (March 14, 1866 – March 13, 1931) was an author, publisher, and advocate for Chinese American civil rights. He published the first Chinese language daily newspaper to be printed outside of China. [1]

Born in the Toisan district of Guangdong province in Southern China, Ng moved to California in 1881, where he first worked as a domestic servant on a ranch. He became a student of U.S. culture, studying English, adopting Western dress, and converting to Christianity. He joined the seminary[2] and in 1892 became the first Chinese Presbyterian Minister on the American West Coast.[3] He was assigned to a ministry in Los Angeles, but after a fire destroyed his mission, he decided to focus his efforts on establishing a Chinese language newspaper instead. After a year of publishing his L.A.-based weekly, Hua Mei Sun Bo, Ng moved to San Francisco where he wrote the first Chinese language daily outside of China: Chung Sai Yat Pao.[4] His newspaper generally promoted an assimilationist viewpoint, encouraging Chinese American readers to adapt to North American values.[5]

Ng traveled the country speaking out against anti-Chinese legislation,[6] such as the Chinese Exclusion Act. He also published books[7] and pamphlets[8] opposing discrimination against Chinese Americans.

He was called "an Oriental Mark Twain".[9]

See also[edit]

  • John P. Irish, supported Chinese immigration. Ng Poon Chew was an honorary pallbearer at his funeral.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Franklin Ng, "Ng Poon Chew," in Kim, Hyung-chan (1999). Distinguished Asian Americans: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0313289026.  pp. 56-59
  2. ^ San Francisco Genealogy sfgeniology.com
  3. ^ Ng Poon Chew Biographical Notes inn-california.com
  4. ^ Guide to the Chung Sai Yat Po Newspaper Collection Online Archive of California (oac.cdlib.org)
  5. ^ Being Chinese book review historycooperative.org
  6. ^ A Historian's Reflections on Chinese American Life in San Francisco calisphere.universityofcalifornia.edu
  7. ^ A Statement for Non-Exclusion books.google.com
  8. ^ The Treatment of the Exempt Classes of Chinese in the United States calisphere.universityofcalifornia.edu
  9. ^ Promotional Flyer sdrcdata.lib.uiowa.edu/libsdrc