Ngbandi language

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Ngbandi
Native to Democratic Republic of the Congo
Region Équateur Province
Ethnicity Ngbandi, Yakoma
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 105,000 Southern)[1]
400,000 other (1996–2000)
Ubangian
  • Ngbandi
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
ngb – Northern Ngbandi
nbw – Southern Ngbandi
yky – Yakoma
deq – Dendi
mgn – Mbangi
gyg – Gbayi
Glottolog ngba1290[2]

The Ngbandi language is a dialect continuum of the Ubangian family spoken by a half-million or so people in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Ngbandi proper) and in the Central African Republic (Yakoma and others). It is primarily spoken by the Ngbandi people, which included the dictator of what was then known as Zaire, Mobutu Sese Seko.

Northern Ngbandi is the lexical source of the trade language Sango, which has as many native speakers as Ngbandi and which is used as a second language by millions more in the CAR.

Yakoma, with a central position on the Ubangi River that divides the CAR from the DRC, has a high degree of intelligibility with all other varieties of Ngbandi, though as with any dialect continuum, it does not follow that more distant varieties are necessarily as intelligible with each other as they are with Yakoma.

A variety of Ngbandi called Kazibati and Mongoba[3][4] may been spoken further east, in the DRC near Uganda, until the late 20th century, but this is uncertain.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Northern Ngbandi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Southern Ngbandi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Yakoma at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Dendi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Mbangi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Gbayi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ngbandi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Linguasphere code 93-ABB-ae/af
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mongoba-Kazibati". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.