Nginx

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Nginx
Nginx logo.svg
Original author(s) Igor Sysoev
Developer(s) Nginx, Inc.
Initial release 4 October 2004; 10 years ago (2004-10-04)[1]
Stable release 1.6.2 / 16 September 2014 (2014-09-16)[2]
Preview release 1.7.8 / 2 December 2014 (2014-12-02)[3]
Development status Active
Written in C[4]
Operating system Cross-platform[5]
Type Web server, reverse/mail proxy server
License 2-clause BSD[6]
Website nginx.org

Nginx (pronounced "engine-x") is an open source reverse proxy server for HTTP, HTTPS, SMTP, POP3, and IMAP protocols, as well as a load balancer, HTTP cache, and a web server (origin server). The nginx project started with a strong focus on high concurrency, high performance and low memory usage. It is licensed under the 2-clause BSD-like license and it runs on Linux, BSD variants, Mac OS X, Solaris, AIX, HP-UX, as well as on other *nix flavors.[7] It also has a proof of concept port for Microsoft Windows.[8]

Description[edit]

Nginx can be deployed to serve dynamic HTTP content on the network using FastCGI, SCGI handlers for scripts, WSGI application servers or Phusion Passenger module, and it can serve as a software load balancer.[9] Its development started in 2002 by Igor Sysoev.[10] In July 2011, a company was formed as Nginx, Inc. Its principal place of business is San Francisco, California.[11] The company offered commercial support in February 2012,[12][13] and paid NGINX Plus subscription in August 2013.[14] An investment of $10 million led by New Enterprise Associates was reported in October 2013.[15] Other investors reportedly included Aaron Levie.[16] WordPress developer Automattic and Content Delivery Network provider MaxCDN have become funding partners for an update to Google's SPDY version 3.1, slated for early 2014.[17]

Nginx uses an asynchronous event-driven approach to handling requests, instead of the Apache HTTP Server model that defaults to a threaded or process-oriented approach, where the Event MPM is required for asynchronous processing. Nginx's modular event-driven architecture[18] can provide more predictable performance under high loads.[19]

Originally, nginx was developed to fill the needs of websites including Rambler, for which it was serving 500 million requests per day by September 2008.[20] According to Netcraft's August 2014 Web Server Survey,[21] nginx was found to be the second most widely used web server across all "active" sites (14.47% of surveyed sites) and for the top million busiest sites (19.60% of surveyed sites). According to W3Techs, it was used by 24.6% of the top 1 million websites, 32.9% of the top 100,000 websites, and by 41.1% of the top 1,000 websites.[22] According to BuiltWith, it is used on 23.8% of the top 10,000 websites, and its growth within the top 10k, 100k and 1 million segments increased.[23] Wikipedia uses nginx as its SSL termination proxy.[24] As of OpenBSD release 5.2 (1 November 2012), nginx became part of the OpenBSD base system, providing an alternative to the system's fork of Apache 1.3, which it was intended to replace.[25] Eventually, Apache was removed from the base system.[26]

HTTP proxy and Web server features[edit]

Mail proxy features[edit]

Other features include upgrading executable and configuration without client connections loss,[39] and a module-based architecture.[40]

NGINX, Inc[edit]

NGINX, Inc.
Type Private
Industry Technology
Founded 2011
Headquarters Russia
Key people Gus Robertson (CEO)
Igor Sysoev (CTO)
Products Web servers
Website nginx.com

NGINX, Inc. is based in San Francisco, CA and Moscow, Russia. It is an information technology company that produces web server software.

NGINX, Inc. was founded in July 2011 by Igor Sysoev, Chief Architect of the nginx web server, to provide commercial products and support for nginx.[41]

NGINX, Inc. announced commercial support options for companies using its open-source Web server in production. Support packages focus on installation, configuration, performance improvement, etc.[42] As part of the support NGINX Inc. offers "rapid response and resolution of problems and incidents, including emergency bug fixes and prioritized development". Support includes proactive notifications about major changes, security patches, updates and patches.

NGINX Inc. also offers consulting services to assist customers in custom configuration or adding additional features.[43] The consulting and support is delivered by the original creators and developers of nginx.

The company has now raised $33 million.[44] In October 2011, Nginx has raised $3 million from BV Capital, Runa Capital and MSD Capital, Michael Dell‘s venture fund.[45] In October 2013, the company has raised a $10 million Series B round led by New Enterprise Associates. This round also includes full participation by the company’s existing investors, including Series A investors, as well as participation from Aaron Levie, CEO and founder of Box.com.[46] In December 2014, Nginx has raised a $20 million Series B1 round led by New Enterprise Associates, with participation from e.ventures (formerly BV Capital), Runa Capital, Index Ventures and Nginx’s own CEO Gus Robertson[44][47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CHANGES". Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Dounin, Maxim (16 September 2014). "nginx-1.6.2". nginx-announce@nginx.org mailing list. http://mailman.nginx.org/pipermail/nginx-announce/2014/000146.html. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  3. ^ Dounin, Maxim (5 December 2014). "nginx-1.7.8". nginx-announce@nginx.org mailing list. http://mailman.nginx.org/pipermail/nginx-announce/2014/000150.html. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  4. ^ "The NGINX Open Source Project on Ohloh". ohloh.net. Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "nginx". Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Licensing". Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "Tested OS and platforms". Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "nginx for Windows". Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  9. ^ Use nginx for Proxy Services and Software Load Balancing, 11 May 2010, by Sam Kleinman, Linode Library
  10. ^ Tony Mobily (5 January 2012). "Interview with Igor Sysoev, author of Apache's competitor NGINX". Free Software Magazine. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Notice of Exempt Offering of Securities". Form D. US Securities and Exchange Commission. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  12. ^ Darryl K. Taft (8 February 2012). "NGINX Launches Commercial Support for Open-Source Web Server". e Week. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  13. ^ Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols (8 February 2012). "Commercial Support now available for the open-source NGINX Web server". ZDNet Open Source blog. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  14. ^ "Nginx Inc. Launches NGINX Plus". 22 August 2013. 
  15. ^ Sean Michael Kerner (16 October 2013). "Nginx Raises $10 Million in New Funding for Server Development". e Week. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  16. ^ Jolie O'Dell (15 October 2013). "Nginx ties up a sweet $10M funding deal and hundreds of millions of users". Venture Beat. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  17. ^ Shankland, Stephen (20 December 2013). "Nginx upgrade funded by fans of Google's SPDY Web protocol". CNET. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  18. ^ The Architecture of Open Source Applications. Chapter 14 nginx.
  19. ^ Basic nginx Configuration by Sam Kleinman; 21 August 2010
  20. ^ "Nginx: the High-Performance Web Server and Reverse Proxy". Linux Journal. 1 September 2008. Retrieved 16 August 2009. 
  21. ^ "August 2014 Web Server Survey". 27 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  22. ^ "Usage of web servers broken down by ranking". 14 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  23. ^ "Builwith: nginx Usage Statistics". 14 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  24. ^ "Wikitech: HTTPS". Wikitech.wikimedia.org. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  25. ^ OpenBSD Upgrade Guide: 5.1 to 5.2, 2012/11/06 15:00:27 sthen
  26. ^ OpenBSD Following -current: 2014/03/13 - httpd(8) removed
  27. ^ "Module ngx_http_upstream_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  28. ^ "Announcing SPDY draft 2 implementation in nginx". nginx.org. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  29. ^ "Proxy: support for connection upgrade (101 Switching Protocols).". trac.nginx.org. 19 February 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  30. ^ "Module ngx_http_flv_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  31. ^ "Module ngx_http_mp4_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  32. ^ "Module ngx_http_gunzip_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  33. ^ "Module ngx_http_log_module - access_log". nginx.org. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  34. ^ "Module ngx_http_core_module - limit_rate". nginx.org. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  35. ^ "Module ngx_http_userid_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  36. ^ "Module ngx_http_xslt_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  37. ^ "Module ngx_http_perl_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  38. ^ "Module ngx_mail_auth_http_module". nginx.org. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  39. ^ "Official documentation: Controlling nginx". nginx.org. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  40. ^ "Third party modules". nginx Wiki. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  41. ^ "Company". nginx.com. 2012-01-03. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  42. ^ Taft, Darryl K. (2012-02-08). "NGINX Launches Commercial Support for Open-Source Web Server". eweek.com. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  43. ^ "Commercial Support now available for the open-source NGINX Web server". ZDNet. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  44. ^ a b Frederic Lardinois (2014-12-09). "Nginx Raises $20M Series B1 Round To Drive International Expansion". Techcrunch. Retrieved 2014-12-09. 
  45. ^ Natasha Starkell (2011-10-11). "Russian Nginx Raises $3 Million From International Investors". Techcrunch. Retrieved 2014-11-20. 
  46. ^ Frederic Lardinois (2013-10-15). "Nginx Raises $10M Series B Round Led By NEA". Techcrunch. Retrieved 2014-11-20. 
  47. ^ Jordan Novet (2014-12-09). "Nginx gets $20M, because an open-source web server is just the beginning". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2014-12-09. 

External links[edit]