Nguyễn Phú Trọng

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In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Nguyen. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Trong.
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
Nguyen Phu Trong.jpg
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam
Incumbent
Assumed office
19 January 2011
President Trương Tấn Sang
Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
Preceded by Nông Đức Mạnh
Secretary of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party
Incumbent
Assumed office
19 January 2011
Deputy Phùng Quang Thanh
Preceded by Nông Đức Mạnh
Chairman of the National Assembly
In office
26 June 2006 – 23 July 2011
Preceded by Nguyễn Văn An
Succeeded by Nguyễn Sinh Hùng
Secretary of the Hanoi Party Committee
In office
January 2000 – 26 June 2006
Succeeded by Phạm Quang Nghị
Member of the Secretariat
Incumbent
Assumed office
19 January 2011
Member of the Politburo
Incumbent
Assumed office
December 1997
Personal details
Born (1944-04-14) 14 April 1944 (age 70)
Hanoi, Tonkin, French Indochina
Political party Communist Party of Vietnam
Alma mater University of Hanoi
Ho Chi Minh National Politic - Administrative Institute
Website Nguyễn Phú Trọng activities page

Nguyễn Phú Trọng (born 14 April 1944) is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, elected at the party's 11th National Congress on 19 January 2011.[1][2] Trong heads the party's Secretariat,[3] as well as the Central Military Commission,[4] the country's two most powerful policymaking bodies.[5]

Biography[edit]

Trọng was born in Đông Hội Commune, Đông Anh District, Hanoi. His official biography gives his family background only as "poor peasant".[6] He studied philology at Vietnam National University, Hanoi from 1963-67. Trọng officially joined the Communist Party in December 1968. He worked for the Tạp chí Cộng Sản (Communist Review), the theoretical and political agency of the Communist Party of Vietnam (formerly the "Labor Party"), in the periods of 1967-73, 1976–80, and 1983–96. From 1991-96, he served as the editor-in-chief of the Tạp chí Cộng Sản. He went to the USSR in 1981 to study at the USSR Academy of Social Sciences and got the Kandidat nauk degree in history in 1983. In 1998, Trọng entered in the party section devoted to political work, and he is one of the most prominent Vietnamese political theoretician heading (2001–06), the CPVCC's Theoretical Council in charge of the Party's theoretical work.[citation needed]

Trọng has been member of the Party's Central Committee since January 1994, member of the Party's Political Bureau since December 1997, and deputy to the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam since May 2002. From January 2000 to June 2006, Trọng was secretary of the Party's Executive Committee of Hanoi, the de facto head of the city authority. On 26 June 2006, Trọng was elected as the Chairman of the National Assembly.[7] During this period he was elected secretary of the Party organization in the Assembly and member of the Council for Defence and Security. A party congress in January 2011 selected Trong as general secretary. This congress also selected a Politburo, or executive committee, and Trong is listed as its No. 8 member.[2]

The 5th plenum of the 11th Central Committee decided to take the Central Steering Committee for Anti-Corruption away from the prime minister’s control, and Nguyễn Phú Trọng was elected its head.[8]

Career[edit]

- 1957-1963: Student at the Nguyen Gia Thieu junior and senior high schools in Gia Lam district, Hanoi

- 1963-1967: Student at the Linguistics Faculty of Hanoi General University .

- December 1967- July 1968: Officer at the Documentary Desk of the Study Review (now the Communist Review)

- July 1968 - August 1973: Editor of the Party Building Department of the Communist Review. He experienced a period of probation in Thanh Oai district, Ha Tay province (now Hanoi ) in 1971 and was Secretary of the Youth Union of the Communist Review from 1969 to 1973

- August 1973 – April 1976: Underwent a political-economic post-graduate course at the High-level Nguyen Ai Quoc Party School (now the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and Public Administration), member of the Party cell committee.

- May 1976 - August 1980: Editor of the Party Building Department of the Communist Review, Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee

- September 1980 - August 1981: Learnt Russian at the High-level Nguyen Ai Quoc Party School

- September 1981 - July 1983: On-the-job trainee and defended Associate PhD thesis (now PhD thesis) in Party building at the Academy of Social Sciences of the Soviet Union

- August 1983 - February 1989: Deputy head of the Party Building Department, the Communist Review (October 1983); Head of the Party Building Department, the Communist Review (September 1987); Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of the Communist Review (July 1985-December 1988) and then Secretary (December 1988-December 1991)

- March 1989 – April 1990: Member of the Editorial Board of the Communist Review

- May 1990 – July 1991: Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the Communist Review

- August 1991 – August 1996: Editor-in-Chief of the Communist Review

- January 1994 - now: Member of the CPVCC (7th, 8th, 9th and 10th tenures)

- August 1996 - February 1998: Deputy Secretary of the Hanoi Party Committee, Head of the Hanoi Party Committee's department in charge of tertiary education personnel, and head of the Hanoi Party Committee’s Popularisation and Education Board

- December 1997 - now: Member of the Political Bureau of the CPVCC (8th, 9th and 10th tenures)

- February 1998 - January 2000: In charge of the Party Central Committee's Ideological-Cultural and Scientific-Educational Affairs

- August 1999-April 2001: Permanent member of the Party Politburo

- March 1998 - August 2006: Vice Chairman of the CPVCC's Theoretical Council (March 1998-November 2001); Chairman of the CPVCC's Theoretical Council in charge of the Party's theoretical work (November 2001-August 2006)

- January 2000 - June 2006: Secretary of the Hanoi Party Committee (12th, 13th and 14th tenures).

- May 2002 - now: Deputy to the 11th and 12th National Assembly

- June 2006 - now: Secretary of the National Assembly's Party Organisation, Chairman of the National Assembly and member of the Council for Defence and Security

- Elected General Secretary of the 11th CPVCC at the 11th National Party Congress in January 2011

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vietnam: Foreign Policy and Government Guide International Business Publications, USA. - 2007- Page 8 "General Secretary Nông Ðức Mạnh - President Nguyễn Minh Triết - Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng - National Assembly Chairman Nguyễn Phú Trọng"
  2. ^ a b "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party Chief", Vietnam News Agency, 19 January 2011.
    "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party General Secretary", Nhan Dan, 19 January 2011.
    "Party Congress announces CPVCC Politburo members", VGP News, 19 January 2011
  3. ^ "Party leader Trong announces Central Committee Secretariat", Viet Nam News, 10 February 2011.
    "11th CPVCC Secretariat members named", Vietnam News Agency, 9 February 2011.
    (Vietnamese) "Ban Chấp hành trung ương, Bộ Chính trị, Ban Bí thư, Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam, 25 January 2011.
  4. ^ (Vietnamese) "Tổ chức trọng thể lễ tang Thượng tướng Nguyễn Trọng Xuyên", VOV Online, 27 June 2012.
    "Tổng Bí thư dự Hội nghị quân chính toàn quân", VOV Online, 16 December 2011.
  5. ^ (Vietnamese) "Văn kiện đảng" (Party Documents), Báo điện tử Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam (Newspaper of the Communist Party of Vietnam), 11 January 2011. Ban Bí thư giới thiệu các chức danh thuộc diện Ban Bí thư quản lý để Chủ tịch nước, Thủ tướng Chính phủ bổ nhiệm; Quốc hội, Mặt trận Tổ quốc và các đoàn thể chính trị - xã hội bầu. (The Secretariat nominates and directs the president, prime minister, National Assembly, and Fatherland Front, as well as the political elections).
  6. ^ "Biography of Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong", Vietnam News Agency, 19 January 2011
  7. ^ "Vietnam confirms new leadership", BBC, 27 June 2006.
  8. ^ (Vietnamese) "Tổng Bí thư sẽ làm Trưởng Ban Chỉ đạo phòng, chống tham nhũng", Pháp luật & Xã hội, 16 May 2012.
    "Party Central Committee's conference concludes", VOV Online, 15 May 2012.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Nông Đức Mạnh
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam
2011 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Nông Đức Mạnh
Secretary of the Central Military Commission
2011 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Nguyễn Văn An
Chairman of National Assembly
2006 - 2011
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Sinh Hùng