It has a daily circulation of 180,000 copies. Its weekend edition, Nhân Dân cuối tuần, has a circulation of 110,000 copies, and its monthly magazine has a circulation of 130,000 copies. It has an online edition that was started on June 21, 1998.
The newspaper was first published on March 11, 1951. Its predecessor was Sự Thật ("Truth") newspaper, which was set up in the 1940s. Many important figures in the Vietnamese Communist Party worked at Nhân Dân. Trường Chinh and Tố Hữu were chairmen of the newspaper. Painter Phan Kế An was a regular contributor during the First Indochina War in particular, after he was asked to join the newspaper by Trường Chinh.
- Lý Trực Dũng (2010). Biếm họa Việt Nam. Hanoi: NXB Mỹ Thuật. p. 47.
- Nhân Dân Online: English edition