Nhill

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For the Martian crater, see Nhill (crater).
Nhill
Victoria
Nhill War Memorial.JPG
War memorial and park in the middle of the Western Highway as it passes through Nhill
Nhill is located in Shire of Hindmarsh
Nhill
Nhill
Coordinates 36°20′0″S 141°39′0″E / 36.33333°S 141.65000°E / -36.33333; 141.65000Coordinates: 36°20′0″S 141°39′0″E / 36.33333°S 141.65000°E / -36.33333; 141.65000
Population 2,278 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 3418
Elevation 133.0 m (436 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Hindmarsh
State electorate(s) Lowan
Federal Division(s) Mallee
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
21.5 °C
71 °F
8.0 °C
46 °F
415.3 mm
16.4 in

Nhill is a town in the Wimmera, in western Victoria, Australia. Nhill is located on the Western Highway, half-way between Adelaide and Melbourne. At the 2011 census Nhill had a population of 2278.[1] "Nhill" is believed to be a Wergaia word meaning "early morning mist rising over water"[2] or "white mist rising from the water".[3]

Nhill is the administrative headquarters for Shire of Hindmarsh[4] and residents are mainly employed in either farming or food processing, most notably in grain and fowl.

The town is home to a community of Karen people. Originally coming to Australia as refugees, the Karen community settled in Nhill in the early 2010s to work at the Luv-a-Duck food processing facility. In 2012, there were over 100 Karen residents in Nhill.[5]

The 2011 Australian census listed the main religions in Nhill as Uniting Church 26.8%, Lutheran 15.6%, Anglican 13.4% and Catholic 12.9%. 31.3% either recorded "no religion" or did not answer.[1]

History[edit]

The area has been home to the Wotjobaluk Aboriginal people for thousands of years and was first visited by Europeans in 1845. The famous Aboriginal tracker and cricketer, Dick-a-Dick, later claimed to have been present at the first meeting between the Wotjobaluk and Europeans.[3] Brothers Frank and John Oliver decided to build a sawmill on Crown land beside the Dimboola-Lawloit road, the township of Nhill grew from there.[6]

Cobb and Co coaches serviced Nhill from 1883.[6] Nhill Post Office opened on 1 January 1881. An earlier rural office (1861) was replaced by Lawloit Post Office [7]

Nhill was the first Victorian town after the state capital, Melbourne, to be supplied with electricity. Electric lighting was installed by 1892.[6]

Industry and facilities[edit]

The major employer in the town is Luv-a-Duck—a duck meat grower and processor—and associated businesses. Tourism is another local industry; Nhill services the highway traffic passing through. Nhill is recognised by the transport industry as the halfway point by road between Melbourne and Adelaide. Transport companies use Nhill as their 'changeover' point. Nhill railway station is serviced by The Overland that stops three times a week. Air services are at Nhill Airport. Bus services are provided by V/Line and Firefly several times daily.

Nhill has four hotels; the Little Desert Hotel, the Commercial Hotel, the Farmers Arms Hotel and the Union Hotel. Nhill has a caravan park and a number of motels.

Nhill has a Lutheran Primary school, a Catholic Primary School and a P-12 public school.

Events and attractions[edit]

The Nhill Show is held each year on the second Thursday of October. It includes rides, farm animals, rural Australian farm machinery, horse riding show, art competitions, cooking competitions, photo competitions and at the closing of the Show there is a fireworks display. Up until 2012 Nhill hosted a "Duck & Jazz Festival" in mid February.

The release of the film Road to Nhill in 1997 briefly placed Nhill in the national spotlight.

Sport[edit]

Nhill has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Wimmera Football League. Nhill is also the base of the Cricket competition known as the West Wimmera Cricket Association. Nhill & Districts sporting club which includes football, Netball, Hockey and Cricket. Also it has a Tennis club and Pony Club. Nhill has a golf course at the Nhill Golf Club on Netherby Road.[8]

Nhill was the birthplace of Masters Australian football (a.k.a. "Superules").[citation needed]

The horse racing club, the Wimmera Racing Club, holds the Nhill Cup meeting on Boxing day (26 December).[9]

Notable people[edit]

Nhill is the hometown of former Australian rules football player Jason McCartney,[citation needed] who suffered severe injuries during the 2002 Bali terrorist bombing, and later recovered enough to make a comeback to the sport.

Nhill is also the birthplace of Janet Powell,[citation needed] leader of the Australian Democrats between 1990 and 1991; and Senator for Victoria between 1986 and 1993.

Former Essendon footballers David Flood and Dean Wallis are from Nhill.[citation needed]

Nhill is also home to Lucy Stephan, a young rower who has represented her country, winning a bronze medal in the Women’s Four event at the 2013 Rowing World Championships in Korea.[citation needed]

Mars[edit]

The name Nhill has been used for a crater on the planet Mars. The name was adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1991, commemorating a "Town in Victoria, Australia".[10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2011 Census QuickStats | Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 10 August 2013
  2. ^ "Hindmarsh Planning Scheme". Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  3. ^ a b The Horsham Times, "The discovery of Nhill", 2 June 1944, p. 4.
  4. ^ Hindmarsh contacts | Shire of Hindmarsh. Retrieved 10 August 2013
  5. ^ O'Connor, Ted (20 April 2012). "Housing hassles for Nhill's Karen community". Wimmera Mail-Times. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Bound, Frank (1980), Nhill's Fabulous Century, Maryborough, Vic: Hedges & Bell Pty. Ltd, ISBN 0-9594744-0-4 
  7. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11 
  8. ^ Golf Select, Nhill, retrieved 2009-05-11 
  9. ^ Country Racing Victoria, Wimmera Racing at Nhill, retrieved 2009-05-07 
  10. ^ Categories for Naming Features on Planets and Satellites, Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, USGS Astrogeology Science Center, NASA
  11. ^ "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature - Nhill on Mars". International Astronomical Union (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 

External links[edit]