Niška Banja

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Niška Banja
Нишка Бања
Municipality and Town
Public channel of thermal water
Public channel of thermal water
Flag of Niška Banja
Flag
Coordinates: 43°17′36″N 22°00′22″E / 43.29333°N 22.00611°E / 43.29333; 22.00611Coordinates: 43°17′36″N 22°00′22″E / 43.29333°N 22.00611°E / 43.29333; 22.00611
Country  Serbia
District Nišava
Government
 • Mayor Zoran Vidanović (DSS)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 145 km2 (56 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 4,180
 • Municipality 14,098
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18205
Area code +381 18
Car plates NI
Cascade waterfall.

Niška Banja (Serbian Cyrillic: Нишка Бања, meaning Spa of Niš) is a spa town in southern Serbia, located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) east of its third largest city, Niš. The municipality of Niška Banja is one of the five urban municipalities of the City of Niš. According to 2011 census, the population of the town is 4,180, while the population of the municipality is 14,098.

Geography[edit]

Niška Banja is situated 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from Niš, just south from the main Niš–Sofia motorway. The municipality borders Palilula and Medijana municipalities in the west, Pantelej municipality in the north-west, Svrljig municipality in the north, Bela Palanka municipality in the east, and Gadžin Han municipality in the south. Niška Banja is situated at the bottom of Suva Planina Mountain. The closest airport is Niš Constantine the Great Airport.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups in the municipality (2002 census):

  • Serbs = 16,719
  • Roma = 44
  • others.

Population[edit]

  • 336 AD: 5,890
  • 415 AD: 6,000
  • 600 AD: 900
  • 1050: 1,000
  • 1750: 2,000
  • 1810: 3,890
  • 1878: 3,000
  • 1900: 5,900
  • 1931: 7,989
  • 1961: 9,789
  • 1991: 10,786
  • 2011: 14,098

Tourism[edit]

Niška Banja spa is one of the best known centers of health tourism in Serbia and it is the third most popular spa in Serbia after Vrnjačka Banja and Sokobanja. It is well known for its hot, radio-active water containing radon. The spa is home of a Summer cultural festival. 33 There are several hotels in Niška Banja: Partizan, Radon, Srbija, Ozren, and Terme. Also, numerous villas are available.

History[edit]

Niška Banja is situated at the bottom of Suva Planina Mountain. It was first mentioned centuries ago, in 448, and with the remains and traces of antique (thermae - public baths ll cent.) and early Byzantine period it has been keeping its tradition and uniqueness. Saint Proust noted once down in 1768 that its bathroom in open was like the one in Budim. Even rice was grown here once.

During the 1920s, Banja started to develop intensively and methodically. Lights appeared in 1925, many famous people built their villas, promenades and parks were arranged, comfortable hotels were built and trams came from Niš all the way there in 1929. Today the spa is served by frequent buses instead of trams.

Health[edit]

Niška Banja is thought to heal coronary and blood vessels diseases, increased blood pressure and rheumatic disorders. It also offers the treatment of orthopedic injuries, body weight control, anti-cellulite treatments and postoperative rehabilitation. The Institute of Niška Banja is equipped with modern amenities.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Niška Banja is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]