Niagara Falls, New York
|Niagara Falls, New York|
Location in Niagara County
|• Type||Strong mayor-council|
|• Mayor||Paul A. Dyster (D)|
|• City Administrator||Donna D. Owens|
|• City Council|
|• City||16.8 sq mi (43.5 km2)|
|• Land||14.1 sq mi (36.4 km2)|
|• Water||2.8 sq mi (7.1 km2) 16.37%|
|• Urban||366.7 sq mi (949.7 km2)|
|Elevation||614 ft (187 m)|
|• Density||3,955.7/sq mi (1,527.3/km2)|
|• Urban||935,906 (US: 46th)|
|• Urban density||2,663.5/sq mi (1,028.37/km2)|
|• Metro||1,134,155 (US: 50th)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0970406|
|Demonym||Niagarian, Niagara Fallsite|
Niagara Falls (// ny-AG-ra) is a city in Niagara County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 50,193, down from the 55,593 recorded in the 2000 census. It is across the Niagara River from the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario, with both cities named after the famed Niagara Falls which they share. It is part of the Buffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Western New York region.
- 1 History
- 2 Economy
- 3 Crime
- 4 Geography
- 5 Climate
- 6 Government
- 7 Places of interest
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Media
- 11 In fiction
- 12 Education
- 13 Religion
- 14 Sports
- 15 Notable people
- 16 See also
- 17 References
- 18 Further reading
- 19 External links
Before Europeans entered the area, the area was dominated by the Neutral Nation of Native Americans. European migration into the area began in the 17th century. The first recorded European to visit the area was Frenchman Robert de la Salle, accompanied by Belgian priest Louis Hennepin, who was the first known European to see the falls. The influx of newcomers may have been a catalyst for already hostile native tribes to turn to open warfare in competition for the fur trade.
The City of Niagara Falls was incorporated on March 17, 1892 from the villages of Manchester and Suspension Bridge, which were parts of the Town of Niagara. New York State Governor Roswell P. Flower signed a bill into law forming the city. Thomas Vincent Welch who was a member of the charter committee and then a New York state assemblyman, but more importantly a second-generation Irishman, was there when the bill was signed, and responsible for asking Governor Flower to sign the bill on St. Patrick's Day. George W. Wright was elected the first mayor of Niagara Falls.
Historically, the city was built around factories that utilized the power of the falling water for energy. Now the downtown area borders a park (Niagara Falls State Park) affording a close-up view of the American, Horseshoe and Bridal Veil Falls.
By the end of the 19th century, the city was a heavy industrial area, due in no small part to the huge power potential offered by the swiftly flowing Niagara River. There were many industries in Niagara Falls that used the power of the mighty Niagara River. Tourism was considered a secondary niche, while industry was the main producer of jobs and economic backbone.
Mafia Boss Stefano Magaddino and his crime organization first made their money through bootlegging during the Prohibition era of the 1920s and 1930s, then expanded into loan sharking, gambling, extortion, hijacking, drug trafficking and labor racketeering.
Magaddino had survived a couple of murder attempts over the years.
Mafia insider Joseph Valachi in 1963, testifying before a Senate Permanent Investigations Subcommittee in Washington said Crime Boss Stefano Magaddino was marked for extermination in a gangland war in the 1930s.
On May 19, 1936, a bomb intended for Magaddino exploded at the house of his sister and brother-in-law at 1651 Whitney Ave., Niagara Falls, NY, The sister Arcangela Longo, was killed and her three young daughters injured in the blast.
In 1958 another murder attempt was made when a grenade hurled through a window into his kitchen, of his home at Dana Drive in Lewiston, NY, but failed to explode.
Some believe the murder attempt was made by angry mobsters who wanted revenge for the disastrous Apalachin Mafia meeting in 1957 that Magaddino organized. Due to that meeting, numerous arrest of Mafiosi were made and newspaper headlines introduced the Mafia to the public.
The city grows
Ever since the early 20th century, the center of the tourist district was Falls Street, a vibrant street that ran into the main part of the city. Although Falls Street no longer exists in the capacity that it once did, efforts are currently being made by the government and private companies to revitalize and restore what is left of the historic thoroughfare.
The 1950s and early 1960s witnessed an economic boom, as several industries moved into the city to take advantage of the hydroelectric power offered, due to a higher demand for household and industrial products. Paper, rubber, plastics, petrochemicals and abrasives were among the major industries located in the city. This brief period of prosperity would end by the mid-1960s, as the locally owned Schoellkopf Power Project  which later collapsed into the Niagara River, ending an industrial era.
To take advantage of the hydroelectric power offered, New York City urban planner Robert Moses built a new power plant in nearby Lewiston, New York. However, Niagara Falls did not get much of the power created; Most of it went downstate to fuel growing demands for New York City.
The neighborhood of Love Canal gained national media attention in 1978 when United States President Jimmy Carter declared a federal emergency there, and hundreds of residents were relocated. Starting in 1920, the area had been used as a landfill for chemical waste disposal (and later, industrial toxic waste) before its development as a residential area. The Superfund law, which protects people, families, communities and others from heavily contaminated toxic waste sites, was enacted in 1980 in response to the Love Canal situation.
The post-Love Canal Niagara Falls witnessed a reversal of fortunes, as what was once cheap to produce in Niagara Falls was now far cheaper to outsource to other countries. Several factories closed, and the population has since dropped by half, as blue-collar workers fled the city in search of jobs elsewhere. The city's economy plummeted downward when a failed urban renewal project took place resulting in the destruction of Falls Street and the tourist district.
In 1995, the city government was the defendant in NAACP v. City of Niagara Falls, which named, among others, then-Mayor Jacob Palillo; City Council Members, G. Tom Sottile, Barbara A. Geracitano, Andrew Walker, Henry Buchalski, Michael Gawel, Anthony Quaranto, John G. Accardo; and City Clerk, Elsie Paradise. NAACP charged that the city was violating Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. At the time, Niagara Falls' government consisted of a mayor, who acted as chief executive, and seven city council members elected at-large. The NAACP further argued that the city had not given enough representation to African Americans living in the city, which at that time comprised 15.58% of the city's population. The court ruled in favor of the city, which kept its system of government.
Currently, the city's main industry is tourism. In 2004, the Seneca Nation of Indians opened the Seneca Niagara Casino in the former Niagara Falls Convention and Civic Center, thereby establishing sovereign Native American territory in the midst of the city. The city, however, continues to struggle economically.
In 2001, the entire corrupt leadership of Laborers Local 91 were found guilty of extortion, racketeering and other crimes following an exposé by Mike Hudson of the Niagara Falls Reporter. However, union boss Michael "Butch" Quarcini died before trial began, although the rest of the union leadership was sentenced to prison.
In early 2010, former Niagara Falls Mayor Vincent Anello was indicted on federal charges of corruption. Although not related to his political career, Anello, a master electrician by trade, was also sentenced to 13 months in jail for pension fraud regarding a pension from the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, of which he is a member.
On November 30, 2010, the New York State Attorney General entered into an agreement with the city and its police department to create new policies to govern police practices in response to claims of excessive force and police misconduct. The city will create policies and procedures to prevent and respond to allegations of excessive force, and to ensure that police are properly trained and complaints are properly investigated. Prior claims filed by residents will be evaluated by an independent panel.
The city has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places. It also has three national historic districts including: Chilton Avenue-Orchard Parkway Historic District, Deveaux School Historic District, and the Park Place Historic District.
||The neutrality of this section is disputed. (March 2011)|
The economy for the city was originally based around the Falls itself, or at least the power generated by the massive waterfall. This cheap and abundant source of power was the driving force behind the rapid rise of area industry. Around the turn of the 20th century, thousands of immigrants from predominantly European nations such as Italy and Poland came to the area to work the chemical, steel, and manufacturing plants owned by present-day companies such as Occidental.
The area is subject to the migration of manufacturing jobs to developing countries common to the rust belt. Another major toll was suburban migration, a national trend. The city, which once boasted well over 100,000 people at its peak, has seen its population decline by some 50%, as industries shut down and people left for the employment opportunities of the South and West. The unemployment rate in the City of Niagara Falls was around 10 percent as of October 2010. Approximately 60 percent of residents in Niagara Falls receive public assistance such as food stamps, welfare, unemployment insurance and Medicaid.
Also blamed for the economic decline is the presence of the New York Power Authority, whom politicians, reporters and residents[who?] have blamed for charging the city high electric bills, rendering the draw of cheap power obsolete. The New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, and especially the Niagara Frontier Parks Commission (a division of the department), has also been blamed for placing souvenir stands, parking lots and restaurants within Niagara Falls State Park, which may have resulted in tourists not patronizing businesses in the city. Recently,[when?] state officials have been negotiating with state park and NYPA officials, such as Assemblyman John Ceretto of Lewiston asking the NYPA if they would nominate a resident of Niagara County to the Board of Directors, since the Robert Moses Niagara Hydroelectric Power Station in Lewiston is the most profitable project undertaken by NYPA and generates the most power.
Local and state government officials have vowed to embrace the physical and cultural advantages that the Niagara region naturally possesses, such as the Niagara Gorge, wine trail, historical landmarks, Little Italy Niagara, or Niagara Falls itself. These marketing efforts have attempted to move focus away from the city's industrial past to embrace a tourism-based economy. In late 2001, the State of New York established the USA Niagara Development Corporation, a subsidiary to the State's economic development agency, to focus specifically on facilitating development in downtown Niagara Falls, NY. However, the organization has been criticized for making little progress and doing little to improve Niagara Falls' economy.
The Falls' current development strategy is focused on a pragmatic approach to revitalizing vacant and underutilized buildings in the downtown area as high profile catalyst projects with real economic impact. But the cost to demolish the city's many abandoned buildings may make it impossible to address all the eyesores, according to officials, but some have criticized the city of wasting funds elsewhere. The opening of the new Conference Center Niagara Falls in 2005; the redevelopment of the historic United Office Building and The Niagara (hotel); the restoration of Old Falls Street, once the primary tourist thoroughfare downtown but reduced to a pedestrian mall; the redevelopment of the former Holiday Inn Select as a new Sheraton resort with several restaurants including the city's first Starbucks Coffee; and other attractions such as the planned Niagara Experience Center; and of course, the Seneca Niagara Casino, attempt to reposition Niagara Falls as a premiere destination.
The arrival of the Seneca Niagara Casino in 2002 was a major undertaking designed to renew in the city's downtown area. However as of late 2012 the anticipated economic renewal the casino was supposed to bring has not been felt in the local area to the extent previously envisioned.
Niagara Falls is currently visited by almost ten million people each year and is considered one of the United States' top ten tourist destinations. The official tourism promotion agency, Niagara Tourism and Convention Corporation (NTCC), was adopted in 2005. "The Mission of the NTCC is quite simple: to enhance the economic prosperity of Niagara County by promoting, selling and marketing the County as a premier destination for meetings, conventions and leisure tourism. While everyone agrees that Niagara Falls is the region’s main attraction, there are a plethora of other attractions that make Niagara USA such a special place to visit." The NTCC has launched several campaigns, domestically and internationally,to promote Niagara Falls Hotels, Niagara Attractions, and various events and festivals in Niagara County. The NTCC's efforts have also been criticized as the city continues to struggle financially and marketing efforts have not generated a significant turnaround. A recent audit also found millions of dollars of tax dollars spent by high-ranking NTCC officials on tuxedo rentals, trips to Europe and Asia, expensive meals and backrubs.
From 1982 to 2000, a shopping mall called Rainbow Centre Factory Outlet operated downtown on city land leased to The Cordish Companies. The mall was built in an effort to revitalize the downtown. The owner, David Cordish, was criticized for not keeping the mall stores rented out but The Cordish Company criticized the City Government for not maintaining the building. Cordish eventually shuttered the building and stopped paying rent in anticipation that the company would be bought out of the lease. In October 2010, Cordish announced that he would donate the 300,000 sq ft facility to Niagara County Community College to assist in the college's development of a hospitality and tourism complex that would include all of the college's hospitality and tourism programs including culinary arts, baking and pastry, winery operations, casino operations, hospitality operations, and food and beverage management. The unique complex includes fully operational retail entities operated by the academic programs serving as internship/practice sites for the students including a fully operational restaurant and lounge, Barnes and Noble boutique culinary bookstore, New York Style Deli, French Pastry Shoppe and a Wine Boutique. NCCC has set August 31, 2012 as the opening date/dedication of the 90,000 sq ft facility, giving the rest of it to the City of Niagara Falls to further develop it. Mr. Cordish also donated the one acre "balloon launch" property to the NCCC Foundation which then turned that property over to the city for future development.
There is also an outlet mall called Fashion Outlets of Niagara Falls, formerly "Prime Outlets Niagara", which is not actually part of the city, but of the town of Niagara, New York, which shares a post office with the city.
The Wintergarden was an all-glass indoor arboretum designed by Cesar Pelli adjacent to the Rainbow Centre and over Old Falls Street. It operated as an arboretum from its 1977 opening until 2003, when it was closed due to rising maintenance costs. The city then sold the structure to local developer Joseph Anderson, who operated it as Smokin Joe's Family Fun Center from 2003 to 2007. It was demolished in 2009 in order to improve vehicular and pedestrian traffic on Old Falls Street.
|Crime rates (2012)|
|Total Violent crime:||619|
|Motor vehicle theft:||130|
|Total Property crime:||2,963|
* Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.
2012 population: 50,356
|Source: 2012 FBI UCR Data|
Although statistically lower in crime than cities in Upstate New York such as Buffalo and Rochester, Niagara Falls still suffers from a higher than average crime rate. In wake of recent gun violence, volunteer groups such as the "SNUG" movement have been mobilized to stop violence in Niagara Falls, and promote positive community involvement in Niagara Falls' poorest and highest crime areas. Niagara Falls is number 53 on NeighborhoodScout’s Top 100 Most Dangerous Cities in the U.S. for 2013.According to a 2014 study from mylife.com, Niagara Falls is now the most dangerous city in the state of New York.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.8 square miles (44 km2), of that, 14.1 square miles (37 km2) of it is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) of it (16.37%) is water.
Adjacent cities and towns
- Town of Lewiston - north
- Town of Niagara - northeast
- Town of Wheatfield - east
- Town of Grand Island - south
- Niagara Falls, Ontario - west
Niagara Falls experiences cold, sometimes snowy winters and hot, often humid summers. Precipitation is moderate and consistent in all seasons, falling equally or more as snow during the winter. The city has snowier than average winters compared to most cities in the USA, however less than many other cities in Upstate New York including nearby Buffalo and Rochester. Thaw cycles with temperatures above 0°C (32°F) are a common occurrence. The hottest and coldest temperatures recorded in the past decade were 97°F (36°C) in 2005 and -13°F (-25°C) in 2003, respectively. 38% of warm season precipitation falls in the form of a thunderstorm.
|Climate data for Niagara Falls, New York|
|Average high °F (°C)||33.5
|Average low °F (°C)||16.6
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.72
The City of Niagara Falls functions under a strong mayor-council form of government. The government consists of a mayor, a professional city administrator, and a city council. The current mayor is Paul Dyster (D). The City Administrator is Donna D. Owens.
The city has had four one-term mayors since 1992. Those mayors were Jacob A. Palillo, James C. Galie, Irene J. Elia, and Vincenzo V. Anello. As of 2011, Paul Dyster is the first mayor of the city to be re-elected since 1987.
The city council serves four-year, staggered terms, except in the case of a special election. It is headed by a Council Chairperson, who votes in all items for council action.
The council members are: 
- Charles A. Walker (Chairperson)
- Glenn A. Choolokian
- Robert A. Anderson, Jr.
- Andrew P. Touma
- Kristen M. Grandinetti
On a state level, Niagara Falls is part of the 138th Assembly District of New York State. The current assemblyman is John Ceretto (R-Lewiston). Niagara Falls is also part of the 60th Senate District of New York State. The state senator is Mark Grisanti (R-Buffalo).
On a national level, the city is part of New York's 26th congressional district and is represented by Congressman Brian Higgins. In the United States Senate, the city and the state are represented by Senior Senator Charles Schumer and Junior Senator Kirsten Gillibrand.
Places of interest
The city is home to the Niagara Falls State Park. The park has several attractions, including
- Cave of the Winds
- Maid of the Mist
- Prospect Point and its observation tower
- The falls are illuminated each night, and fireworks are fired from the Canadian side each week during the tourist season.
- Niagara Discovery Center (Also known as the Schoellkopf Center)
- Aquarium of Niagara
Several attractions also abut the river, including
- Whirlpool State Park
- De Veaux Woods State Park
- Earl W. Brydges Artpark State Park in nearby Lewiston, New York, commonly known as the Artpark
- Fort Niagara State Park in Youngstown, New York.
Attractions in the downtown include
- One Niagara Center
- Aquarium of Niagara
- United Office Building
- Seneca Niagara Casino & Hotel
- Hard Rock Cafe
- the proposed Niagara Experience Center
- Niagara County Community College's Niagara Falls Culinary Institute, which will open within the former Rainbow Centre Mall on August 31, 2012.
- Daredevil Museum
- Old Falls Street
- Oakwood Cemetery (Niagara Falls, NY)
- Conference Center Niagara Falls
- Third Street Entertainment District
- The Theater in the Mist
- Rainbow Air Helicopter Tours, which take off from the roof of the Howard Johnson Inn on Main Street.
- Rapids Theatre on Main Street
- Haunted House of Wax on First Street
- Niagara Science Museum; listed in the "Top 10 Museums for Geeks" by Listverse.
Little Italy is an area full of restaurants, bakeries, and pizzerias extending along Pine Avenue. It historically was the home to a large Italian-American population. Italian Americans built such institutions as St. Joseph's Church, the Cristoforo Colombo Society (1903) and Colombus Square Park. The park serves as the center of Italian culture with its bocce courts, summer concerts and the Italian Festival.
The North End, like Little Italy, has declined significantly over the years. Originally a booming industrial district (predominately Polish and German, especially along Highland Avenue) since the 1940s the areas surrounding Highland Avenue have been predominately African-American, several of the industries have closed and the area has become neglected. Recently, "green" industry has begun to move into the North End, bringing back some jobs. The relocation of the Niagara Falls Train Station is expected to help the area, as well as new development on nearby Main Street. It is mainly considered to be anything located north of the primary railroad tracks within the city, with the exception of west of Ninth Street. Several housing projects have been built within the area, including Center Court, Harry S. Jordan Gardens, the proposed HOPE VI houses, and the infamous Unity Park projects. The North End for most of the 20th century was predominately a Polish, German and Italian neighborhood.
This neighborhood has managed to stay well kept with brick and all stone houses from the early to mid 20th century adjacent to the beautiful Niagara Escarpment.
LaSalle is a large, vaguely defined middle-class neighborhood considered to be anything east of 56th Street. It is the site of Love Canal, an infamous toxic waste landfill that was sold to the city for purposes of building a school in the early 1950s. It is named for Robert de la Salle, a French explorer who launches his boat, the Griffon from the approximate location of Griffon Park on Buffalo Avenue. In recent years, the main retail area of downtown Niagara Falls has moved from the South End near the falls to Military Road and Niagara Falls Boulevard, giving a significant economic boost to the area.
Downtown, also known as the South End is the area of the city that adjoins Niagara Falls State Park. It is the main tourist district in the city, especially so in locations south of Niagara Street. However, it has declined significantly since a failed Urban renewal project took place in the 1960s resulting in the demolition of the historic Falls Street tourist district. Recently, efforts have been made to restore Falls Street and the downtown to its original grandeur, including the resurrection of Third Street as the entertainment district, and the arrival of the Seneca Niagara Casino.
Niagara Street/East Side
Niagara Street is the main thoroughfare in the area known as the East Side. It is the historic home to a significant Middle European population, especially Polish and German immigrants. Students in the area are served by the new Niagara Street School in between Niagara Street and Welch Avenue.
Starting at the Goat Island bridges to the Falls, Buffalo Avenue during the late 19th and early 20th centuries was the center of Niagara Falls society. Home to the Niagara Club the street was also filled with a number of significant and socially relevant large private mansions of distinction. Heading east from the Niagara Falls residential district the avenue became increasingly industrial. After the decline of several industrial areas in the city, Buffalo Avenue has remained the primary industrial section of the city for a century, although today the heavy manufacturing, mainly of petrochemicals and electrochemicals, occurs at a significantly diminished rate from a half-century ago when the city was at its peak. Several chemical factories are located along Buffalo Avenue between John B. Daly Boulevard and 56th Street. Buffalo Avenue is also the home to many pot holes that resemble sinkholes. The city decided to remedy the problem by lining the street with Caution Bumpy Road signs.
- Niagara Falls International Airport
- Buffalo Niagara International Airport
- Toronto's Pearson International Airport on the Canadian side offers direct service with foreign airlines to other countries.
- NFTA is the public transit provider in Niagara County and Erie County with hubs at Portage Road Transit Center and Niagara Falls Transportation Center.
NFTA replaced two local bus operators in the 1950s: Lockport Bus Lines and Niagara Falls Municipal Transit System.
Major highways in the City of Niagara Falls
- Interstate 190 (Niagara Expwy.), North-South highway that crosses the eastern end of the city. North to South it enters from the town of Niagara and exits on the North Grand Island Bridge to Grand Island. I-190 is a spur of I-90 originating southeast of Buffalo, New York#Buffalo and terminating where the Lewiston–Queenston Bridge enters Canada, downstream and north of the Falls.
- U.S. Route 62 (Niagara Falls Blvd., Walnut Ave. (Westbound), Ferry Ave. (Eastbound)), signed as a North-South highway, US 62 in the city of Niagara Falls has an East-West orientation. Where Niagara Falls Blvd. ends at Packard Rd., US 62 is split among two one-way streets. Walnut Ave. carries US 62 west to its northern terminus at Main St. (NY 104), and Ferry Ave. (One block south) carries US 62 east away from downtown Niagara Falls.
US 62 Business (Pine Ave.), East-West roadway in the city, this route parallels US 62 which is one block south. Its western terminus is at Main St. (NY 104) and its eastern terminus is at Niagara Falls Blvd. (US 62).
- New York State Route 31 (Witmer Rd., College Ave.), East-West roadway from the Niagara town line near NY 31's interchange with I-190, to its western end at Lewiston Rd. (NY 104).
- New York State Route 61 (Hyde Park Blvd.) North-South Roadway in through the City of Niagara Falls from Buffalo Ave. (NY 384), its southern end, north to the Lewiston town line where it has a short distance in the southwest corner of the Town of Lewiston where the route has its northern end at Lewiston Rd. (NY 104).
- New York State Route 104 (Lewiston Rd., Main St.), signed as an East-West highway, NY 104 has a North-South orientation in the city that roughly parallels Robert Moses State Pkwy. and the Lower Niagara River. This routes western terminus is at Rainbow Blvd. (NY 384) at the foot of the Rainbow Bridge. It heads north to the Lewiston town line.
- New York State Route 182 (Porter Rd., Ontario Ave., Lockport St., Cleveland Ave.), East-West roadway through the city from the Niagara town line near its interchange with I-190 to its western terminus at the Whirlpool Rapids Bridge.
- New York State Route 265 (Military Rd.), North-South highway at the eastern end of the city. Runs in the city from the Niagara town line near its intersection with Niagara Falls Blvd. (US 62) to the Town of Wheatfield where the route runs concurrent with NY 384.
- New York State Route 384 (Buffalo Rd., Rainbow Blvd.), North-South highway (east-west orientation in city) that parallels the upper Niagara River in the city from the Wheatfield town line where it runs concurrent with NY 265, to its western end at the Robert Moses Pkwy/Rainbow Bridge.
- LaSalle Expressway, East-West Expressway in the eastern end of the city from its eastern end at Williams Rd. (NY 952V) just outside the city line in the Town of Wheatfield, to its west end at an interchange with I-190 and Robert Moses State Pkwy.
- Robert Moses State Parkway, North-South Parkway that runs through the city from the Lewiston town line to its southern end at an interchange with I-190 and LaSalle Expwy. The Parkway parallels the Niagara River through the city. The original route also passed under the approach to the Rainbow Bridge, however that section has since been closed to traffic and is now only used for park business. The parkway therefore is interrupted because of the closed section. The two sections are still connected by the way of New York State Route 384.
As of the census of 2010, there were 50,193 people, 22,603 households, and 12,495 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,987.7 people per square mile (1,153.5 per square km). There were 26,220 housing units at an average density of 1,560.7 per square mile (622.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.5% White, 21.6% African American, 1.9% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.
There were 22,603 households out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.8% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.7% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 4.02.
In the city the population was spread out with 22% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,800, and the median income for a family was $34,377. Males had a median income of $31,672 versus $22,124 for females. 23% of the population was below the poverty line.
The city has two newspapers, the Niagara Gazette, which is published daily except Tuesday, and the Niagara Falls Reporter, which is published weekly. The Buffalo News is the closest major newspaper in the area and once had a Niagara County, NY bureau that extensively covered Niagara Falls and its surrounding communities. It still covers the community with a variety of reporters on a part-time basis. Also an online news company called Niagara Falls Street News located on Facebook.
The Our Schools Channel 21 (OCS-21) is a High School run Television Station that broadcasts on the Educational Public Access Station (Channel 21) throughout Niagara County. All work is done by Niagara Falls High School Media Production Students under the direct supervision of Media Education Director; Mr. Rich Meranto. The station broadcasts programming both LIVE and Pre-Taped featuring school performances, Community events, school video announcements, sports programming and shows with many community leaders.
In the original 1920s and 1930s Buck Rogers stories and newspaper cartoons, Buck Rogers, in his adventures in the 25th century that take place on Earth, helps in the fight for a free Northern America from the liberated zone around Niagara, New York (which by then has grown to large metropolis—the capital of the liberated zone—that includes Niagara Falls, New York, Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Buffalo, New York), against the Red Mongol Empire, a Chinese empire of the future which in the 25th century rules most of North America.
Residents are zoned to the Niagara Falls City School District. When LaSalle High School closed in June, 2000, a new Niagara Falls High School was built at 4455 Porter Road. The new school merged LaSalle and the former Niagara Falls High School. The old Niagara Falls High School building at Pine Avenue and Portage Road became an Art and Cultural Center.
Niagara Falls has a number of places of worship, including the First Assembly of God Church, First Unitarian Universalist Church, St. Peter's Episcopal Church, First Presbyterian Church, St. Theresa Roman Catholic Church in Devaux, Reform Jewish Temple Beth El and the Conservative Jewish Temple Beth Israel.
- Niagara Falls Sox - Former Class-A Minor League Baseball team
- Niagara Falls Rapids - Former Class-A Minor League Baseball team
- Niagara Power - New York Collegiate Baseball League team founded in 2007.
- R. J. Adams (Bob Shannon), actor and radio personality, attended Bishop Duffy High School
- Gary Baker, Grammy Award-winning songwriter
- George Barker, photographer nationally famous for Niagara Falls photos
- Fred Beir, TV actor
- Benny Bengough, MLB player
- Dean Biasucci, NFL placekicker
- John P. Bobo, received Medal of Honor
- Mark Bridgers, costume designer
- David Bright, professional diver
- Earl Brydges, New York State Senator
- John T. Bush, New York State Senator
- Walter Cazen, baseball player
- John Ceretto, New York State Assemblyman
- George W. Comstock, public health physician
- Greg Cox, NFL safety
- Rebecca Cuddahee, Niagara County legislator
- Charles Cyphers, actor
- Thomas Aquinas Daly, contemporary landscape and still-life painter
- Francis R. Delano, banker, first warden of Minnesota State Prison, first General Superintendent of St. Paul & Pacific Railway
- Dan DeSantis, football player for Philadelphia Eagles
- Robert Nathaniel Dett, notable composer
- Walter Dick, member of U.S. National Soccer Hall of Fame
- Ruth Dicker, landscape painter
- Paul Dyster, Mayor of Niagara Falls
- Brent Nicholson Earle, AIDS activist
- Robert Elderfield, notable chemist
- Rashad Evans, mixed martial artist
- Scott H. Faulring, historian, document editor
- Jonny Flynn, basketball player for Syracuse Orange and Houston Rockets
- William Frazer, Olympic sport shooter
- Barbara Frum, Canadian television journalist, born in Niagara Falls, NY
- John Gabriel, Emmy-nominated actor
- Lois Gibbs, environmental activist
- Robert H. Gittins, US Congressman
- Jeremiah Goodman, illustrator
- Hank Gornicki, MLB player
- Julie Gregg, actress
- George W. Grider, US Congressman from Tennessee
- Steve Hamilton, NFL defensive end
- Paul Harris, basketball player
- Ben Hayes, MLB relief pitcher
- Patrick Healey Jr., professional bowler
- Dawne Hickton, CEO of RTI International Metals
- Ellis Hobbs, cornerback for Philadelphia Eagles
- Lorraine Hunt, Lt. Governor of Nevada
- Lee Hyla, composer
- Richard Jacob, basketball coach
- Pat E. Johnson, president of National Tang Soo Do Congress
- Orange Judd, agricultural chemist
- Nancy J. King, Maryland state senator
- Wayne Krivsky, MLB executive
- Kris Krull, beauty queen
- Chuck Leo, AFL player
- Rachael Lillis, voice actress
- Lost and Found, pop rock band
- Antonino LoTempio, musician, singer, actor
- Peter Magaddino, mobster
- Stefano Magaddino, an American mafia boss
- Marc Magliarditi, hockey goaltender
- Sal Maglie, baseball pitcher.
- Rick Manning, baseball player
- William Masselos, classical pianist
- Matt Mazza, basketball player
- Vince Mazza, NFL player and Canadian football all-star
- Marc Mero, WWE professional wrestler
- Joe Micon, Indiana legislator
- John Moir, professional basketball player
- Chauncey Morehouse, jazz drummer
- John Moses, Illinois assemblyman
- Michael Mulligan, lead prosecutor in the courts-martial of Hasan Akbar and of Nidal Malik Hasan
- Hank Nichols, college basketball referee
- Shelley Niro, Mohawk filmmaker and visual artist
- Johnny Pasek, baseball player
- Peter Buell Porter, US Secretary of War
- Bobby Previte, drummer and composer
- Jane Bryant Quinn, financial journalist
- Michael Rocque, US Congressional candidate
- Lynn Samuels, WABC and Sirius Radio personality.
- James S. Simmons, US Congressman
- Nick Sebek, NFL quarterback
- William Chandler Shrubsall, inmate
- Richard D. Simons, Chief Judge of New York Court of Appeals
- James Starks, football player for Green Bay Packers
- April Stevens, singer, born in Niagara Falls
- James Thomas Stevens, poet, academic
- Tommy Tedesco, born in Niagara Falls, most-recorded guitarist in history
- Nino Tempo & April Stevens, singing duo from Niagara Falls
- Franchot Tone, actor, born in Niagara Falls
- Charlie Utter, American Wild West figure
- Tara VanDerveer, women's basketball coach at Stanford
- Kerry Von Erich, professional wrestler
- Alice Wadowski-Bak, artist, creator of wycinanki
- Thomas Vincent Welch, New York State Assemblyman, first Superintendent of New York State Reservation at Niagara
- Lilian Whiting, journalist, author
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-15.
- "Niagara Falls New York Township History - The City of Niagara Falls, New York, USA". Niagarafallsinfo.com. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "Robert Moses Niagara Hydroelectric Power Station". encyclopedia. 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- "Love Canal Collection". University of Buffalo Libraries. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- New York State Office of the Attorney General ATTORNEY GENERAL CUOMO REACHES AGREEMENT WITH THE CITY OF NIAGARA FALLS TO REFORM ITS POLICE PRACTICES
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "Niagara Falls, New York (NY) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "Record number in government anti-poverty programs". Richard Wolf. 2010-08-30. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
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- "USA NIAGARA: The ‘Times Square’ promise » Local News". Niagara Gazette. 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- Jewell, Denise (2006-05-12). "The cost of neglect in the Falls » Local News". Niagara Gazette. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "NIAGARA FALLS: Block clubs want more derelict homes demolished » Local News". Niagara Gazette. 2008-09-15. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "Niagara Falls ranked in top 10 U.S. destinations by Forbes". Niagara Frontier Publications. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- "TOURISM: NTCC’s worth doubted » Local News". Niagara Gazette. 2009-03-07. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "Niagara Falls Reporter OPINION: Tax Hike Insanity". Niagarafallsreporter.com. 2010-10-05. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- Brady, Jonann (2008-09-16). "Niagara Falls: A Tale of Two Cities - ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "Niagara Falls crime rates and statistics". NeighborhoodScout. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- Nalina Shapiro Posted by: Kellie Mazur (2011-04-17). "Residents on mission to stop violence". WIVB.com. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "NeighborhoodScout’s Top 100 Most Dangerous Cities in the U.S.". Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "Weather Spark Niagara". Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "Top 10 Museums For Geeks". Listverse. March 10, 2010.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 15, 2014.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 15, 2014.
- The Collected Works of Buck Rogers in the 25th Century 1969 Chelsea House—Introduction by Ray Bradbury—Reprints of the original Buck Rogers comic strips
- Kimmler (1975-11-22). "Hurricanes May Under Go Sex Change". The Orange County Register.
- [dead link]
- "SABR article on the 1949 Drummondville Cubs". Quebec.sabr.org. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- Mah, Alice. Industrial Ruination, Community, and Place: Landscapes and Legacies of Urban Decline (University of Toronto Press; 2012) 240 pages; comparative study of urban and industrial decline in Niagara Falls (Canada and the United States), Newcastle upon Tyne, Britain, and Ivanovo, Russia.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Niagara Falls, New York.|
Media related to Miagara Falls, New York at Wikimedia Commons
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Niagara Falls, New York.|
- City of Niagara Falls Official site
- Niagara Falls Reporter Newspaper site
- Niagara Gazette Newspaper site
- Niagara USA tourism site
- USA Niagara Development Corp. site
- NiagaraDowntown virtual tour site
- Buffalo Niagara Riverkeeper
- Oakwood Cemetery Association
- "What has Niagara Falls?" ~ Frank Parlato Jr. Now-classic essay on the many wonders, marvels and sights to see along the Niagara; originally published in the Niagara Falls Reporter.