Niagara Falls peace conference
The Niagara Falls peace conference started on May 20, 1914, when Argentina, Brazil and Chile - the ABC Powers - met in Niagara Falls, Canada, for diplomatic negotiations in order to avoid war between the United States and Mexico. There was increasing tensions between the two over the Tampico Affair of April 9, 1914 and the subsequent United States occupation of Veracruz of April 21, 1914 during the Mexican Revolution. At the conference, the United States was represented by Frederick William Lehmann, a former United States Solicitor General; and Joseph Rucker Lamar, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. On May 27, 1914 to celebrate their success, the ABC envoys and the American and Mexican delegates to the conference attended a royal garden party given by the Duke of Connaught, the Governor General of Canada at the King Edward Hotel.
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the thanks of Congress to their excellencies be, and they are hereby, presented to their excellencies Señor Domício da Gama, Señor Rómulo S. Naón, and Señor Eduardo Suárez for their generous services as mediators in the controversy between the Government of the United States of America and the leaders of the warring parties in the Republic of Mexico. That the President of the United States is hereby authorized and requested to cause to be made and presented to their excellencies Señor Domicio da Gama, Señor Rómulo S. Naón, and Señor Eduardo Suárez suitable gold medals, appropriately inscribed, which shall express the high estimation in which Congress holds the services of these distinguished statesmen, and the Republics which they represent, in the promotion of peace and order in the American continent.
- Frederick William Lehmann, American
- Robert F. Rose, American
- Joseph Rucker Lamar, American
- Romulo S. Naon, Argentina
- Domício da Gama, Brazil
- Eduardo Suárez Mujica, Chile
Clifton Hotel, at the ABC Conference
- Small, Michael, The Forgotten Peace: Mediation at Niagara Falls, University of Ottawa Press 2009, ISBN 0-7766-0712-X
- "Governor General and Duchess Give Garden Party for Them in Toronto". New York Times. May 28, 1914. Retrieved 2011-01-10. "A B C envoys and American and Mexican delegates to the Niagara Falls peace conference, together with their wives and daughters, secretaries and attaches, invaded Toronto today to attend the royal garden party given by the Duke of Connaught, Governor General of Canada; the Duchess of Connaught, Sir John Gibson, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, and Lady Gibson."