Nicaraguan general election, 1947

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

General elections were held in Nicaragua to elect a president and parliament on 2 February 1947.

The agreement between the Conservatives and the Independent Liberals, signed on 17 August, pledged both parties to overthrow the dictatorship, guarantee civil liberties, initiate governmental and constitutional reforms, and establish a government that would provide minority representation.[1] Subsequently, the Independent Liberals met in a convention in León and ratified the choice of an elderly Liberal, Dr. Enoc Aguado, as the presidential candidate of the two parties.[2]

The Liberal convention, in early August, remained deadlocked between Lorenzo Guerrero and Alejandro Abaunza. Somozaengineered another master stroke by arranging the nomination of seventy-one-year-old Leonardo Argüello Barreto, who combined the dual advantages of a ‘big name’ Liberal likely to attract support from the Independent Liberals. His malleability, lack of vigor, and reported feeble health made Somoza’s indirect ‘continuismo’ probable”.[3]

The Communists made the most of the opportunity to function without government interference. By December, 1946, they claimed 1500 members and the support of 25 percent of the electorate. Since Somoza relied considerably on the Nicaraguan Socialist Party for support, the Communists began to press him for influence within the government. They wanted government jobs, and even put in a bid for seats in Congress. However, Somoza resisted this pressure. At the same time the opposition, which was preparing for the elections of 1947, also sought the Communists’ support. It offered to name six Communists on its ticket for members of the Chamber of Deputies. In the end the Communists threw their support to the opposition candidate, Enoc Aguado.[4]

The 23 February elections were free of violence, but not government-inspired fraud, which enabled Leonardo Argüello Barreto to win by 39,900 votes. The official count also gave the Liberal Nationalist Party control of the legislature and judiciary.[5] Leonardo Argüello Barreto takes office 1 May.

Once in office, Leonardo Argüello Barreto proceeded to effect changes in personnel, moves that sought to undermine Somoza’s hold on the bureaucracy and the Guardia Nacional. Argüello also wanted to demilitarize those public services that Somoza had put under Guardia control during the war years, such as the public health service, the customs, the communications network, and the railroad itself. The breaking point between the two men came when the Congress, firmly under Somoza’s control, proceeded to appoint the three ‘designados a la presidencia,’ who would be directly in line to replace the president should he leave office. Needless to say, the three so named were Somocistas. On 25 May, Argüello informed Somoza that he was to leave the country and that his resignation as Jefe Director would be announced immediately afterward. Somoza apparently agreed to go but asked for a few days to arrange his affairs. That was more than enough time for him to organize the overthrow of Argüello, which came in the early morning hours of the following day. Argüello refused to resign as president but finally agreed to go to the Mexican embassy as an exile”.[6]

Presidential election results[7][edit]

Candidate Party/Alliance Votes %
Leonardo Argüello Barreto Liberal Nationalist Party (PLN) / Conservative Nationalist Party (PCN) 104,804* 61.76%
Enoc Aguado Traditional Conservative Party (PCT) / Independent Liberal Party (PLI) ** 64,904 38.24%
Total valid votes 169,708 100%
Spoilt and invalid votes ?? ??
Total votes/Turnout ?? ??
Registered voters ??
Population 980,000

(*) PLN – 96,731 (57.00%) and PCN – 8,073 (04.76%). (**) The PLI was not legally recognized. Due to this reason, its candidate Enoc Aguado appeared officially as candidate of the PCT.

Legislative election [8][edit]

Parties and alliances Votes % Seats/ Senate Seats/ Chamber of Deputies
Liberal Nationalist Party (PLN) / Conservative Nationalist Party (PCN) 104,804* 61.76% ?? ??
Traditional Conservative Party (PCT) / Independent Liberal Party (PLI) ** 64,904 38.24% ?? ??
Total valid votes 169,708 100% 16 40
Spoilt and invalid votes ?? ??
Total votes/Turnout ?? ??
Registered voters ??
Population 980,000

(*) PLN – 96,731 (57.00%) and PCN – 8,073 (04.76%). (**) The PLI was not legally recognized. Due to this reason, its candidate Enoc Aguado appeared officially as candidate of the PCT.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leonard, Thomas M. The United States and Central America, 1944-1949. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press. 1984. Pp. 134.
  2. ^ Walter, Knut. 1993. The regime of Anastasio Somoza, 1936-1956. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina. Pp. 154.
  3. ^ Leonard, Thomas M. The United States and Central America, 1944-1949. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press. 1984. Pp. 138.
  4. ^ Alexander, Robert J. Communism in Latin America. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. 1957. Pp. 381.
  5. ^ Leonard, Thomas M. The United States and Central America, 1944-1949. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press. 1984. Pp. 143.
  6. ^ Walter, Knut. 1993. The regime of Anastasio Somoza, 1936-1956. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina. Pp. 160.
  7. ^ Elections in the Americas : a data handbook / ed. by Dieter Nohlen, Vol. 1. [Oxford] [u.a.] : Oxford Univ. Press, 2005. Pp.501.
  8. ^ Elections in the Americas : a data handbook / ed. by Dieter Nohlen, Vol. 1. [Oxford] [u.a.] : Oxford Univ. Press, 2005. Pp.496.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Alexander, Robert J. Communism in Latin America. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. 1957.
  • Cole Chamorro, Alejandro. 145 años de historia política. Managua. 1967.
  • Elections in the Americas A Data Handbook Volume 1. North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Edited by Dieter Nohlen. 2005.
  • Leonard, Thomas M. The United States and Central America, 1944-1949. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press. 1984.
  • Merrill, Tim L., ed. Nicaragua : a country study. Washington: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. 1994.
  • Political handbook of the world 1948. New York, 1949.
  • Rojas Bolaños, Manuel. “La política.” Historia general de Centroamérica. 1994. San José: FLACSO. Volume five, 1994.
  • Smith, Hazel. Nicaragua: self-determination and survival. London : Pluto Press. 1993.
  • Walter, Knut. The regime of Anastasio Somoza, 1936-1956. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina. 1993.