Niccolò Caetani

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Niccolò Caetani (1526–1585) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and bishop.

Biography[edit]

Niccolò Caetani was born in Rome on February 23, 1526, the son of Camillo Caetani, 3rd duke of Sermoneta, a cousin of Pope Paul III, and his second wife, Flaminia Savelli.[1] His families were patricians from Naples.[1] He was the uncle of Cardinal Enrico Caetani.[1]

At the age of 10, Pope Paul III made him a cardinal deacon in pectore in the consistory of December 22, 1536.[1] On March 5, 1537, he became administrator of the Diocese of Bisignano.[1] His elevation to the cardinalate was published in the consistory of March 13, 1538; he received the red hat and the deaconry of San Nicola in Carcere on April 16, 1538.[1]

On August 8, 1539, he was elected Bishop of Conza.[1] He was promoted to the metropolitan see of Capua on May 5, 1546.[1] He resigned the administration of Bisignano on March 13, 1549.[1]

He participated in the papal conclave of 1549-50 that elected Pope Julius III.[1]

He became administrator of the see of Quimper on July 14, 1550.[1] On March 9, 1552, he opted for the deaconry of Sant'Eustachio.[1]

He participated in both the papal conclave of April 1555 that elected Pope Marcellus II and the papal conclave of May 1555 that elected Pope Paul IV.[1] He later participated in the papal conclave of 1559 that elected Pope Pius IV.[1]

On January 7, 1560, he was named governor of Cesi, Terni.[1] He resigned the administration of Quimper on April 5, 1560.[1] He participated in the papal conclave of 1565-66 that elected Pope Pius V.[1] In 1570, he became cardinal protector of the Kingdom of Scotland.[1] He participated in the papal conclave of 1572 that elected Pope Gregory XIII.[1]

On January 6, 1577 to January 8, 1578 he was the Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals.[1]

He participated in the papal conclave of 1585 that elected Pope Sixtus V.[1] He died on the day of the papal coronation, May 1, 1585.[1] His body was transferred to Loreto and he is buried there in the Basilica della Santa Casa.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Entry from Biographical Dictionary of the Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church