Nicholas Alexandrovich, Tsarevich of Russia
|Tsesarevich of Russia|
|Nicholas Alexandrovich c 1864|
|House||House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov|
|Father||Alexander II of Russia|
|Mother||Marie of Hesse and by Rhine|
20 September 1843|
Alexander Palace, Tsarskoye Selo, Russian Empire
|Died||24 April 1865
Nicholas Alexandrovich Romanov (Russian: Цесаревич Николай Александрович Романов), full title: Heir, Tsesarevich and Grand Duke of Russia (Russian: Наследник-Цесаревич и Великий Князь) (20 September [O.S. 8 September] 1843 – 24 April [O.S. 12 April] 1865) was Tsesarevich (more commonly but inaccurately confused with Tsarevich, a title that was abolished in 1721)—the heir apparent—of Imperial Russia from 2 March 1855 until his death in 1865. He was nicknamed Nixa.
He was born at Tsarskoe Selo, the eldest son of Tsarevich Alexander Nikolaievich, eldest son of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia, and Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. In 1855, his paternal grandfather died and his father succeeded as Emperor Alexander II. His early death at the age of twenty-one was a devastating blow to his mother. In 1864, he was engaged to Princess Dagmar of Denmark, but he died suddenly of spinal meningitis few months later.
In the summer of 1864 Nicholas became engaged to Princess Dagmar of Denmark. She was the second daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel and a younger sister of Alexandra, Princess of Wales, wife of the heir-apparent to the British throne. It is believed that on his deathbed Nicholas expressed the wish that his fiancée should become the bride of his younger brother and successor as Tsesarevich, Alexander.
Nicholas was thought to have a strong constitution until early 1865, when during a tour in southern Europe he contracted an ailment that was initially incorrectly diagnosed as rheumatism. It later turned out to be cerebro-spinal meningitis. Nicholas's initial symptoms included back pain and a stiff neck as well as sensitivity to noise and light. However he thought little of it and continued his tour in Italy. His health rapidly grew worse and he was sent to Southern France, but this brought no improvement. In the spring of 1865 Nicholas continued to decline, and he died on 24 April 1865 in Nice, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
His death at the early age of 21 thoroughly devastated his mother, who was said to have pored obsessively over all aspects of Nicholas's life. Empress Marie never recovered from his death.
- Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia
- Zeepvat, Charlotte, Romanov Autumn, Sutton Publishing, 2000
Alexander II of Russia
|Heir-apparent to the Russian Throne
Alexander III of Russia