Nicholas Gruner

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Nicholas Nightingale Gruner (born May 4, 1942) is a Roman Catholic priest and a promoter of the message of Our Lady of Fatima, an apparition of the Virgin Mary at Fatima, Portugal in 1917. Father Gruner's interpretation of that message has, at times, proved somewhat controversial, even among some other groups of "Traditional" Catholics.

Biography[edit]

The fifth of seven children, Father Gruner was born in Montreal, Canada, to Malcom and Jessie (née Mullally) Gruner. His paternal grandmother claimed the family was related to Florence Nightingale. He is a graduate of McGill University with post-graduate degrees in theology from the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas in Rome.

Gruner started an apostolate in the 1970s to promote the message of Fátima.[1] He was ordained at Avellino, Italy on August 22, 1976 by Bishop Pasquale Venezia.

In 1978, he launched a periodical dedicated to Our Lady of Fatima, which was a journal mostly dedicated to praying the rosary, until Gruner became focused particularly on the consecration of the Soviet Union controversy.

Consecration of Russia[edit]

In 1929, Lúcia dos Santos, one of the three visionaries of the Virgin Mary Marian apparition at Fatima, Portugal, revealed that the Virgin Mary had requested that Russia be consecrated to Her Immaculate Heart. Sister Lúcia reported that Our Lady said, "If My requests are heeded, Russia will be converted, and there will be peace. If not, she will spread her errors throughout the world, causing wars and persecutions of the Church. The good will be martyred, the Holy Father will have much to suffer, various nations will be annihilated. In the end, My Immaculate Heart will triumph. The Holy Father will consecrate Russia to Me, and she will be converted, and a period of peace will be granted to the world."[citation needed]

In accord with Sister Lúcia's avowal, Pope Pius XII consecrated the entire world (including Russia, but not mentioning it specifically) to the Immaculate Heart of Mary in 1942. However, that proved, at least initially, to be insufficient for Sister Lúcia, who indicated that the Pope and all the bishops of the Church should make the Consecration simultaneously.

In 1984, Pope John Paul II followed his predecessor in consecrating the entire world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, but without specifically mentioning Russia, and again without the bishops joining in.

The Fatima Crusader[edit]

Gruner and his magazine, "Fatima Crusader", take a critical stance toward the compliance of the Popes with the message of Fátima, specifically the request for the Consecration of Russia.[1]

Gruner held that John Paul II was held by the consent of his predecessor, Pope John XXIII, to an alleged Vatican/Moscow concordat, which had been signed between His Holiness and then-Premier Nikita Khrushchev of the Soviet Union. This was primarily because the Vatican's secretary of state, Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, also supported this alleged concordat.

Throughout the 1980s, the Fatima Crusader made further frequent allegations that the Vatican had been infiltrated and subverted, and that the Soviet Union was engaging in deliberate deception when it depicted Mikhail Gorbachev and perestroika as initiators of internal Communist reform after the Soviet war in Afghanistan in the 1980s. In 1988, he urged a letter writing campaign against arms control talks.

When the Soviet Union finally disintegrated in 1991, Fatima pietist groups, like the Blue Army of Our Lady of Fatima and Fatima Family Apostolate, rejoiced, regarding this as evidence of the efficacy of the dedication of the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary that John Paul II had conducted nine years before, but which Gruner and the Fatima Crusader discount this based on the lack of evidence of a spiritual conversion in Russia.

According to Colin Donovan STL, "This magazine also attacks anyone who disagrees with Fr. Gruner's opinions on Fátima, showing contempt for all other Fátima apostles. This includes holy priests like Fr. Robert Fox, whose Fátima Family Apostolate has propagated the Fátima message to far greater audiences than Fr. Gruner could ever hope to do..."[2]

Despite subsequent assurances by the remaining visionary Sr. Lucia Santos, given through the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, his criticism continues.[1] It has also been suggested that Sr. Lucia was kept from speaking the truth about the message of Fátima.[2] Writer and commentator Carlos Evaristo sees Gruner as an example of an exegetical free-for-all that’s long percolated in the Fatima underground. “What happened with the Fatima message is that Sr. Lucy related it but never interpreted it; that left space for all sorts of strange theories.”[3]

Gruner initiated a radio and television campaign for his message, leading his organization's claimed membership to reach an estimated four hundred thousand by the early 1990s. Since then, the Crusader has continued to argue for the Consecration of Russia and maintained that such action is urgent. In recent years Fr. Gruner has aligned himself increasingly with ultra-traditionalists who oppose the acts and decrees of Vatican II and the recent pontiffs in a number of matters, especially liturgical.[2]

Suspension[edit]

Fr. Gruner was ordered by his ecclesiastical superior to return to the diocese of his incardination. He was also warned that failure to do so would result in his suspension "a divinis" (the loss of faculties for celebrating Mass, hearing confessions, etc.).[4] He did not undertake the action required of him, and subsequently in 1996 he was suspended from his priestly functions by the Bishop of Avellino, Italy, and then appealed the suspension.

The appeal was unsuccessful. In September 2001, the Congregation for the Clergy, stated that Father Gruner's suspension was "confirmed by a definitive sentence of the supreme tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura."[5][6] According to the priest himself, he has never been suspended at all.[7] Gruner was subsequently incardinated in the Archdiocese of Hyderabad, but remains suspended.[8] The Catholic Archdiocese of Toronto and the Diocese of London, Ontario, warned parishioners not to support Gruner's organization.[9]

On October 23, 2012 Gruner, along with attorney Christopher Ferrara, appeared at the headquarters of the European Union in Strasbourg, France to speak in support of a motion for a declaration by the EU Parliament calling upon Pope Benedict XVI to carry out the Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Gruner and Ferrara were invited to speak at a press conference by the sponsors of the motion, MEPs Mario Borghezio and Lorenzo Fontana.[10]

Father Gruner was scheduled to appear at a June 22, 2014 event to mark the 44th anniversary of the discredited apparitions at Bayside. This event was to benefit St. Michael’s World Apostolate. In response, the Brooklyn Diocese’s Chancellor, Msgr. Anthony Hernandez, sent a communiqué to all pastors warning about a suspended priest who encourages these devotions and was planning an appearance in Queens. It stated:

Recently, our Diocesan Bishop, the Most Reverend Nicholas DiMarzio, received confirmation from the Holy See that the Reverend Nicholas Gruner, who is currently incardinated in the Archdiocese of Hyderabad, in India, continues to labor under the canonical sanction of suspension, cf. Can. 1333, which has been confirmed by the Apostolic Signatura in Rome. ... Please be advised that the Diocese of Brooklyn has consistently rejected the veracity of the claims concerning the alleged Marian apparitions in Bayside, Queens. Recently, Bishop DiMarzio released a statement reaffirming the positions of his two predecessors, Most Reverend Francis J. Mugavero and the Most Reverend Thomas V. Daily. This statement was printed in The Tablet (June 7) and is posted on the diocesan website in order that the faithful of the Diocese of Brooklyn be fully informed of the Church’s decision on this matter. Given that Father Gruner remains suspended, and, given that the alleged Bayside apparitions have been rejected by the legitimate ecclesiastical authorities, the faithful are strongly discouraged from participating in any events connected to Father Gruner or St. Michael’s World Apostolate.[8]

The Southern Poverty Law Center, a non-profit civil rights organization, has listed Gruner's Fatima Crusader as a periodical which has published anti-Semitic articles.[11][12] The Anti-Defamation League has identified Gruner as a holocaust denier who has pro­moted con­spir­acy the­o­ries about the Jews plot­ting to over­throw Chris­t­ian civ­i­liza­tion, and the Fatima Cen­ter, as a rad­i­cal Catholic orga­ni­za­tion that espouses anti-Semitic views.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Nicholas Perry and Loreto Echevarria: Under the Heel of Mary: London: Routledge: 1988: ISBN 0-415-01296-1
  • Sandra Zimdars-Swartz: Encountering Mary: Princeton: Princeton University Press: 1991: ISBN 0-691-07371-6
  • Francis Alban, Christopher A. Ferrara & Malachi Martin: "Fatima Priest": Pound Ridge: Good Counsel Publications: 1997: ISBN 0-9663046-2-4

External links[edit]