Nicholas Noyes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Reverend Nicholas Noyes Jr. (December 22, 1647, Newbury, Massachusetts Bay Colony – December 13, 1717) was a colonial minister in Salem, Massachusetts, during the time of the Salem witch trials. He was the second minister, called the "Teacher", to Rev. John Higginson. During the Salem witch trials, Noyes acted as the official minister of the trials.[1]

Biography[edit]

Noyes was son of Nicholas Noyes and grandson of Rev. William Noyes. Noyes graduated at Harvard in 1667, and, after preaching thirteen years in Haddam, Connecticut, moved in 1683 to Salem, where he was pastor until his death in Salem.[2] He spent time as the chaplain with troops in Connecticut during King Philip's War in 1675-76.[3]

Before the execution of Sarah Good on July 19, 1692, Rev. Noyes asked her to confess. Her famous last words were, “You are a liar! I am no more a witch than you are a wizard, and if you take away my life God will give you blood to drink.” Twenty-five years later, Noyes died of a hemorrhage and literally did choke on his own blood. He was 9 days shy of his 70th birthday.[4]

On September 22, 1692, Noyes had officiated as clergyman at the final hangings of the those accused of witchcraft. It is reported that he turned toward the suspended bodies of the victims and said, “What a sad thing it is to see eight firebrands of hell hanging there.”[5]

Some sources claim he later retracted his opinions on the witch trials, and publicly confessed his error [2] but an entirely unflattering portrait of Noyes as an active persecutor of the accused witches in the examinations prior to their trials is presented by Frances Hill in her book A Delusion of Satan. A 1703 petition to clear the names of the accused witches, signed by Essex County ministers, did not include Noyes' name. In 1712, the excommunications of Rebecca Nurse and Giles Cory were reversed by the Salem Church "... as a result of pressure from Samuel Nurse rather from any remorse on the part of Nicholas Noyes."[6]

Noyes published Election Sermon (1698), and, later, a poem on the death of Joseph Green (1715) as well as some verses prefixed to Cotton Mather's Magnalia.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Lindsay, PhD., Mayflower Bastard: A Stranger amongst the Pilgrims (St. Martins Press, New York, 2002) p. 205
  2. ^ a b c Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Noyes, James". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. 
  3. ^ David Lindsay, PhD., Mayflower Bastard: A Stranger amongst the Pilgrims (St. Martins Press, New York, 2002) p. 163
  4. ^ "Sarah Good". Salem Witch Trials. University of Missouri-Kansas City. Retrieved March 11, 2013. 
  5. ^ Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases, 1648-1706
  6. ^ A Delusion of Satan: The Full Story of the Salem Witch Trials (1995) by Frances Hill, pp. 205-06. Doubleday, New York.

Further reading[edit]

  • Upham, Charles (1980). Salem Witchcraft. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 2 vv, v.1 pp. 117, 271, 299, v.2 pp. 43, 48, 55, 89, 170, 172, 184, 245, 253, 269, 290, 292, 314, 365, 485, 550.