Nicholas Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers

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"Lord Phillips" redirects here. For the Liberal Democrat peer, see Andrew Phillips, Baron Phillips of Sudbury.
The Right Honourable
The Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers
KG PC
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom
President of the Supreme Court
In office
1 October 2009 – 30 September 2012
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy The Lord Hope of Craighead
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by The Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury
Senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
In office
1 October 2008 – 30 September 2009
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy The Lord Hoffmann
The Lord Hope of Craighead
Preceded by The Lord Bingham of Cornhill
Succeeded by Office abolished
Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales
In office
3 October 2005 – 30 September 2008
Preceded by The Lord Woolf
Succeeded by The Lord Judge
Master of the Rolls
In office
6 June 2000 – 3 October 2005
Preceded by The Lord Woolf
Succeeded by The Lord Clarke of Stone-cum-Ebony
Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
In office
12 January 1999 – 6 June 2000
Preceded by The Lord Lloyd of Berwick
Succeeded by The Lord Scott of Foscote
Personal details
Born (1938-01-21) 21 January 1938 (age 76)
Spouse(s) Christylle Marie-Thérèse Rouffiac
Residence Hampstead, London
Alma mater King's College, Cambridge

Nicholas Addison Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers KG PC (born 21 January 1938)[1] is a former English judge. He is the founding President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, holding office between October 2009 and October 2012. He is also the last Senior Law Lord and the first Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales to be head of the English judiciary when that function was transferred from the Lord Chancellor in April 2006.[2] Before his Chief Justiceship, he was the Master of the Rolls from 2000 to 2005.

Early life[edit]

Phillips was educated at Bryanston School. He has been a Governor of the school since 1975 and has been Chairman of the Governors since 1981. He undertook his National Service with the Royal Navy and the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, where he was a commissioned officer. After the two years' service he went to King's College, Cambridge, where he read law. In 1962, he was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple, where he was the Harmsworth Scholar. He undertook pupillage at 2 Essex Court chambers (where the QC was the Anglo-American Waldo Porges) and subsequently obtained a tenancy there, later moving to 1 Brick Court (now Brick Court Chambers). In 1973 he was appointed as Junior Counsel to the Ministry of Defence and to the Treasury in maritime and Admiralty matters. On 4 April 1978, he became a Queen's Counsel (QC).[3] His maternal grandparents, two young immigrants to this country were Sephardic Jews and had eloped to this country from Alexandria.

Judicial career[edit]

In 1982, Phillips was appointed a Recorder and from 1987 was a full-time High Court Judge on the Queen's Bench Division, with the customary knighthood. He took an interest in legal training, and was Chairman of the Council of Legal Education from 1992 to 1997. He presided over several complex fraud trials including those covering the Robert Maxwell pension fund fraud and Barlow Clowes. In 1995, he became a Lord Justice of Appeal and was appointed to the Privy Council.

On 12 January 1999, he was made a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary[4] and created a life peer under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 as Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers, of Belsize Park in the London Borough of Camden.[5] He then succeeded Lord Woolf as Master of the Rolls on 6 June 2000.[6] He conducted an inquiry into the outbreak of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy. He served as Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales from 2005 to 2008, when he was reappointed as a Law Lord. Since 2008, Phillips was the Senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary until he became the first President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom on 1 October 2009. Elizabeth II created him a Knight Companion of the Order of the Garter on 23 April 2011.[7]

He is President of the British Maritime Law Association and Chairman of the European Maritime Law Organisation.

On 11 October 2011, Phillips announced his retirement on 30 September 2012, almost four months before his mandatory retirement at turning 75 on 21 January 2013.[8]

After retiring from the bench, Phillips followed Lord Woolf as President of the Qatar International Court in Doha.[9] He also sits as an arbitrator.

In March 2012, the Government of Hong Kong SAR appointed Phillips as a Non-Permanent Judge in the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong.

Personal life[edit]

Phillips is married to Christylle Marie-Thérèse Rouffiac, with whom he has two daughters, and a stepson and stepdaughter, and lives in Hampstead, London. He is a member of Brooks's and the Garrick Club. He is a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Drapers and of the Worshipful Company of Shipwrights, and an honorary fellow of the Society of Advanced Legal Studies and University College London, and King's College, Cambridge.

He is also the first Dickson Poon Distinguished Fellow and Visiting Professor at The Dickson Poon School of Law, King's College London.

He has received honorary degrees of Doctor of Laws (LL.D) from the Universities of Exeter (1998), Birmingham (2003) and London (2004) and the International Institute of Maritime Law, and of Doctor of Civil Law (D.CL) from City University, London (2003). He is also the current Chancellor at Bournemouth University

Awards[edit]

Phillips was awarded the prestigious International Jurist Award at the International Conference of Jurists 2007. The award was presented by the President of India Smt. Pratibha Patil at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.

Styles[edit]

  • Nicholas Phillips Esq (birth–1978)
  • Nicholas Phillips Esq QC (1978–1987)
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Phillips (1987–1995)
  • The Rt Hon. Lord Justice Phillips (1995–1999)
  • The Rt Hon. The Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers PC (1999–2011)
  • The Rt Hon. The Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers KG PC (2011–present)

See also[edit]

Decided cases

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Birthday's today". The Telegraph. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014. "Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers, President of The Supreme Court, 2009–12, 76" 
  2. ^ 23 July 2009 The Times Law 100, 2009 "No surprise, probably, that Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers takes the No 1 slot."
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 47505. p. 4164. 6 April 1978. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  4. ^ Beamish, David. "Lords of Appeal in Ordinary 1876–2009". Peerages. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 55376. p. 479. 15 January 1999.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 55870. p. 6308. 9 June 2000.
  7. ^ "Lord Phillips and Admiral Boyce made Knights of Garter". BBC News. 23 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "Retiring Supreme Court president defends human rights". BBC News. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "Article of Lord Phillips in ''International Review of Law'' 2012:3". Qscience.com. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2013-02-05. 

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Lord Woolf
Master of the Rolls
6 June 2000 – 3 October 2005
Succeeded by
Sir Anthony Clarke
Lord Chief Justice
3 October 2005 – 30 September 2008
Succeeded by
Lord Judge
Preceded by
Lord Bingham of Cornhill
Senior Law Lord
1 October 2008 – 30 September 2009
Abolished
New creation President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
1 October 2009 – 30 September 2012
Succeeded by
Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury
Academic offices
Preceded by
Dione Digby, Lady Digby
Chancellor of the University of Bournemouth
2009—present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Lord Clarke of Stone-cum-Ebony
Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal
Hong Kong order of precedence
Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal
Succeeded by
James Spigelman
Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal