Sir Nicholas Richard Pumfrey, (22 May 1951 – 24 December 2007) styled The Rt Hon. Lord Justice Pumfrey, was a British barrister. He served as a High Court judge for 10 years, and was promoted to the Court of Appeal little more than a month before his sudden death.
Early life and education
The son of Peter and Maureen Pumfrey, Nicholas Pumfrey was brought up in Bristol, where his father was a solicitor. He was educated at St Edward's School, Oxford. In 1969, he matriculated at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, where he received his Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Physics in 1972. He also completed a degree in Law in 1974.
Pumfrey was called to the Bar by the Middle Temple in 1975, where he was made a Bencher in 1998. He specialised in intellectual property law, and was a Junior Counsel to Her Majesty's Treasury (Patents) from 1987 to 1990, and was appointed a QC in 1990. He became a Judge of the High Court of Justice, Chancery Division, in 1997 and was knighted.
He was a regular speaker at the annual intellectual property conference at Fordham University in New York, and taught at the Max Planck Institute in Munich. He was the first British judge to join the enlarged board of appeal of the European Patent Office in Munich. At least from 1 January 2003 to 21 December 2004, he was a legally qualified external (non-permanent) member of the Enlarged Board of Appeal  of the European Patent Office (EPO).
In the summer of 2007, he was diagnosed as suffering from an arrhythmic heart condition combined with high blood pressure and high cholesterol. He died on 24 December 2007, aged 56, following a stroke. His funeral took place on 14 January 2008 in Temple Church, London.
He lived in a flat in London, and also owned a house in Provence in the South of France and a house in South Pool, Devon. In Provence, he kept bees and hunted truffles. He enjoyed cycling in earlier years, and later took to BMW motorcycles. He was a member of the Garrick Club. A confirmed bachelor, he never married.
Justice Pumfrey ruled on one of the most important copyright cases of the last decade[when?] in EasyJet v Navitaire, where he found that the 'look and feel' of a computer program could not be protected by copyright law without access to the program's source code. The judgment is seen to be in line with the Directive on Computer Programs. He also decided the case of Cantor Fitzgerald v Tradition UK, where he explained that the 3,000 out of 77,000 lines of copied source code by Tradition's programmers would be substantial, it not being important to substantiality what use the program made out of the code, i.e. whether it could function without it or not, but it would be a substantial if the part taken was original. He further ruled in Sandman v Panasonic that a single create effort could result in both a literary and artistic copyright, giving the example of a calligraphic poem of a cat.
- The Protection of Designs, contribution in International Intellectual Property and the Common Law World, edited by Charles E.F. Rickett and Graeme W. Austin, Oxford : Hart, 2000, ISBN 1-84113-179-2
- Judiciary of England and Wales government web site, Senior Judiciary List. Consulted on 13 May 2007.
- Jeremy Phillips, Sir Nicholas Pumfrey 1951-2007, IPKat, 30 December 2007. Consulted on 30 December 2007.
- Obituary, The Times
- 10 Downing Street web site, Privy Council Appointment of Sir Nicholas Pumfrey, 20 November 2007.
- St Edmund Hall website, Famous Graduates. Consulted on 12 May 2007.
- 10 Downing Street web site, Nicholas Pumfrey appointed as Lord Justice of Appeal, 4 July 2007
- under Article 160(2) EPC 1973
- European Patent Office, Information from the Boards of Appeal of the European Patent Office, Supplement to Official Journal of the European Patent Office No. 1/2003 (Presidium and business distribution 2003), page 3.
- European Patent Office, Information from the Boards of Appeal of the European Patent Office, Supplement to Official Journal No. 1/2004 (Presidium and business distribution 2004), page 3.
- Obituary, The Daily Telegraph
- "Monday 14th, 4.30pm, Funeral Service for Master Pumfrey." in Temple Church web site, consulted on 14 January 2008.
- Obituary, The Independent
- Judicial Communications Office, The Right Honourable Lord Justice Pumfrey, News Release 42-07, 30 December 2007
- Obituary, The Herald, 31 December 2007
- Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 31 December 2007
- Obituary, The Times, 3 January 2008
- Obituary, The Guardian, 5 January 2008
- Obituary, The Independent, 9 January 2008