Nichols Hills, Oklahoma
|Nichols Hills, Oklahoma|
|• Total||2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2)|
|• Land||2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,220 ft (372 m)|
|• Density||2,026.5/sq mi (782.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||73116, 73120|
|GNIS feature ID||1095866|
The 1,280 acres now known as Nichols Hills were developed as an exclusive residential area by Dr. G.A. Nichols in 1929. Between 1907 and 1929, Dr. Nichols, an Oklahoma City real estate pioneer, developed the University, Paseo Arts District, Military Park, Central Park, Winans, University Place, Gatewood, Harndale, Nichols University Place and Lincoln Terrace neighborhoods of Oklahoma City and designed the city of Nicoma Park, Oklahoma.
By 1928, Dr. Nichols saw many Oklahoma City residential neighborhoods being encroached by the Oklahoma City Oil Field and industrial districts. Recognizing the importance of protecting home owners, Dr. Nichols developed Nichols Hills by placing restrictions on undesirable commercial activity while at the same time comprehending the need for a commercial shopping districts within the city. Dr. Nichols hired Hare and Hare, a Kansas City, Missouri landscape architecture firm known for its landscape designs for Kansas City's Country Club Plaza and Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, to design the city in such a way as to follow the natural terrain of the country side. The distinctive curving streets, named after English suburbs, were punctuated by small and large parks, two golf courses, bridle paths, a polo field, a club house, and tennis courts located throughout the city. Commercial districts were located by Dr. Nichols on the perimeter of the city. Nichols Hills was founded as a municipality in September 1929 and grew when Dr. Nichols dedicated additional property to the city.
During the early 1930's, The Great Depression took its toll on Nichols Hills’ finances and large investors in Nichols Hills' property became delinquent on their taxes. Nichols Hills petitioned Oklahoma City for annexation, but was refused. The refusal awakened the citizens of Nichols Hills, who thereafter embarked on a capital and beautification campaign that ultimately led to significant manor and upscale residential development after World War II.
By 1950, and after its failure to annex Nichols Hills, Oklahoma City began annexing the land surrounding Nichols Hills including some property which was originally platted by Dr. Nichols as part of Nichols Hills. Nichols Hills is now surrounded entirely by Oklahoma City on the south, east and west, and The Village on the north. In 1959, thwarting a potential annexation from Oklahoma City, the first city charter was formed. Since its inception, Nichols Hills has maintained strict land use restrictions and zoning ordinances.
Known for its quality housing, Nichols Hills and its citizens maintain parks running throughout the city. The city is home to The Oklahoma City Golf and Country Club.
Nichols Hills is known to have some of the highest housing prices in the state of Oklahoma. Its citizens have the highest average household income in Oklahoma. Nichols Hills has a full-service city government, which includes water, police and fire services.
Notable past residents have included:
C.R. Anthony, American businessman, department store mogul
Mike Douglas, American Big Band Singer, Entertainer and Television Host
Timothy Headington, American businessman, oil tycoon
William J. Holloway, Governor, State of Oklahoma
Roy J. Turner, Governor, State of Oklahoma
E.K. Gaylord, media mogul and businessman
Edward L. Gaylord, media mogul and businessman
John A. Brown, American businessman, department store mogul
Alfred P. Murrah, Circuit Court Judge, United States Court of Appeals, 10th Circuit
Aaron Max Weitzenhoffer. American businessman, philanthropist
Luther L. Bohanon, U.S. District judge
Fred Jones, Ford dealer magnate, and former chairman Braniff International Airways
Suzy Amis, actress and model
Megan Mullaly, actress
Wes Welker, National Football League football player
Nichols Hills is located at .(35.545757, -97.542320)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which, 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) of it is land and 0.50% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,056 people, 1,729 households, and 1,167 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,026.5 people per square mile (783.0/km²). There were 1,858 housing units at an average density of 928.3 per square mile (358.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.66% White, 0.42% African American, 1.38% Native American, 1.95% Asian, 0.59% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.36% of the population.
Nichols Hills is Oklahoma's best educated city, proportionately, with 71.3% of adult residents (25 and older) holding an associate degree or higher, and 68.7% of adults possessing a baccalaureate degree or higher.
There were 1,729 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.5% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. Of all households, 29.3% were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $101,239 and the median income for a family was $162,205.The per capita income for the city was $96,225 ranking it first on Oklahoma locations by per capita income list. About 2.8% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.
The home ownership rate (owner-occupied housing units to total units) is 91.2%.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- University of Oklahoma Study, Division of Landscape Architecture, Division of Regional and City Planning, September 2006
- Keesee and Taylor, Nichols Hills A Residential Community, 2007
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.