Nick Cardy at the 2008 New York Comic Con.
October 20, 1920
|Notable works||Teen Titans
|Awards||Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame, 2005|
Nick Cardy, born Nicholas Viscardi and also known as Nick Cardi (born October 20, 1920), is an American comic book artist best known for his DC Comics work on Aquaman, the Teen Titans and other major characters.
Cardy was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2005.
 Early career
Viscardi attended the Art Students League of New York, studying painting and sculpture. As did many early comics professionals, he entered the field working for Eisner & Iger, one of a handful of comic book "packagers" that would create comics on demand for publishers testing the waters of the emerging medium. Joining the studio in 1939, at age 18, he worked on Fight Comics, Jungle Comics, Kaanga Comics, and Wings for Fiction House Publications. He wrote and drew the four-page backup feature "Lady Luck" in Will Eisner's 16-page, newspaper Sunday-supplement comic book colloquially called "The Spirit Section", from the May 18, 1941 strip through February 22, 1942. Though his Lady Luck stories were credited under the house pseudonym Ford Davis, Viscardi would subtly work in the initials "NV" somewhere into each tale.
He began signing his name simply "Cardy" on the feature "Quicksilver" in National Comics. Using both that shortened form and his original name concurrently for a time, he eventually adopted Nick Cardy for his comic-book work.
Cardy recalled of his start at Eisner & Iger that he worked alongside
"...Lou Fine, George Tuska, [and] Charlie Sultan. Bob Powell came in later when I was doing "Lady Luck" [after Eisner had split from Iger to concentrate on 'The Spirit Section']. He was sitting behind me. He would help a kid around the block — tell a newcomer to take it easy and that sort of thing. When I worked on 'Lady Luck', Will Eisner had rented an apartment at [the Manhattan complex] Tudor City.... He had one room where he worked, and the other room took up all the rest of the paraphernalia. I sat next to Will's door, Bob Powell sat next to me; Tex Blaisdell used to come in, and Chuck Cuidera (who was doing Blackhawk) was there. ... It was a learning experience. Watching Lou Fine work — his work was like a fine painting; it took a long time to do it but it was a brilliant piece of work. In my opinion, for drawing, you couldn't beat Lou Fine; he was terrific. I think Will Eisner had a coarser line but his work was more dramatic and he told a better story."
 Military and return to civilian life
Cardy did World War II military service from 1943 to 1945, earning two Purple Hearts for wounds suffered as a tank driver in the armored cavalry. He began his Army career with the 66th Infantry Division, during which time he won a competition to design its patch, creating its snarling black panther logo. His art talent led to his being assigned an office job at division headquarters. This lasted, Cardy recalled in an interview, because a general who had seen Cardy's cartoons in an Officers Club had Cardy assigned to his own corps. (Cardy gave the name as "General Shelby Burke", but no one by that name or similar is found in the federal archives.) As the artist tells it, the only opening was for a corporal in the motor pool, so Private Cardy was promoted and assigned to that duty. This, he said, led in turn, upon his being shipped to the European theater, to Cardy's assignment as an assistant tank driver for the Third Armored Division, under General Courtney Hodges. Later, between the end of the war and his discharge, Cardy said he worked for the Army's Information and Education office in France.
Back in civilian life, Cardy begin doing advertising art as well as covers for crossword puzzle magazines and other periodicals. Though he hadn't planned on returning to comics, he landed the assignment of drawing the black-and-white daily Tarzan comic strip of writer-artist Burne Hogarth. Cardy also worked on Warren Tufts' comic strip Casey Ruggles.
 DC Comics
In 1950, Cardy began his decades-long association with DC Comics, starting with the comic book Gang Busters, based on the dramatic radio show. He began developing his breakout reputation with Tomahawk, his most prominent series at the time, which starred a white American colonist fighting the British undercover as an Iroquois Indian during the American Revolutionary War.
From 1962–1968, he drew the first 39 issues of Aquaman (whose character had previously starred in a backup feature in Adventure Comics), and all its covers through the final issue (#56, April 1971). In the book The Art of Nick Cardy, he recalled that, "Ramona Fradon had been drawing the character but was moving on for some reason. I remember being in [editor] Murray's [Boltinoff] office with Ramona during the transition. ... Anyway, they must have liked my work because when the character got his own series, they made me the artist".
Cardy first drew the Teen Titans in The Brave and the Bold #60 (July 1965), wherein the superhero sidekicks Robin, Kid Flash, and Aqualad were joined by Wonder Woman's younger sister Wonder Girl in her first appearance. After next being featured in Showcase #59 (December 1965), the team was spun off into their own series with Teen Titans #1 (February 1966). From 1966-73, Cardy penciled or inked — sometimes both — all 43 issues of the series. In 1968-69, he drew the fondly remembered but short-lived, quirky Western series Bat Lash, about an expert gunslinger who was nonetheless a dandy, and who, in a nod to 1960s counterculture, wore a flower in his hat. Cardy during this time also assisted artist Al Plastino, a childhood friend, on the Batman syndicated comic strip.
Cardy became the primary DC cover artist from the early to mid-1970s.
A popular but apocryphal anecdote, told by DC editor Julius Schwartz, concerned Cardy being fired by DC editorial director Carmine Infantino for not following a cover layout, only to be rehired moments later when Schwartz praised the errant cover art. Cardy said in 2005,
[A]t one of the conventions ... I said, 'You know, Carmine, Julie Schwartz wrote something in [his autobiography] that I don't remember at all and it doesn't sound like you at all'. And I told him the incident ... and he said, 'That's crazy. You know I always loved your work. Gee, you were one of the best artists in the business. The guy's crazy'. So I said, 'Okay, come on'. We went over to Julie Schwartz's table and we told him what our problem was. And Carmine and I said, 'We don't remember the incident'. So Julie said, 'Well, it's a good story, anyway'. [laughs] And that was it. He let it go at that. [laughs] He just made it up."
 Later career
Cardy left comics in the mid-1970s for the more lucrative field of commercial art. There, under the name Nick Cardi, he did magazine art and ad illustrations, including movie advertising art (though not necessarily the "one-sheet" posters) for films including The Street Fighter (1974), The Night They Robbed Big Bertha's (1975), Neil Simon's California Suite (1978), Stanley Donen's Movie Movie (1978), Martin Ritt's Casey's Shadow (1978), and Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now (1979).
Below is a list of Cardy's work (pencil art) for DC comics (except where indicated):
- Action Comics (Congo Bill): #229-231 (1957)
- Adventures of Alan Ladd #1, 4-7 (1949-50)
- All-Star Western (Bat Lash): #9-11 (1971-72)
- Aquaman #1-39 (1962-68)
- Bat Lash #1-7 (1968-69)
- Brave and the Bold #91-92, 94-96 (1970-71)
- Congo Bill #1-7 (1954-55)
- Detective Comics (Aquaman): #293-296, 298-300 (1961-62)
- House of Mystery, vol. 1, #19-22, 28, 57, 60, 63-64, 71-72, 76, 78-80, 84, 87, 92-94, 96-97, 107-108, 111, 128, 196-197, 203 (1953-72)
- House of Secrets #2, 6, 10-11, 14, 16, 19, 24, 26, 29, 40, 93 (1957-71)
- Justice League of America #99-104, 106-116 (1972-75)
- Showcase (Aquaman) #31-33; (Teen Titans) #59; (Bat Lash) #76 (1961-68)
- Superman: The Wedding Album (among other artists) (1996)
- Tales of the Unexpected #7, 11-13, 18-20, 26-27, 30, 33, 38-39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 52-55, 58, 103 (1956-67)
- Teen Titans #1-5, 7, 13-14, 16-17, 25-26, 28-30, 32 (1966-71)
- Titans #25 (among other artists) (2001)
- Tomahawk #138 (1972)
- True Love #1-2 (Eclipse Comics, 1986)
- The Unexpected #129, 131-133 (1971-72)
- Witching Hour #19, 21 (1972)
- World's Finest Comics (Tomahawk) #68-72, 87, 125-126, 177 (1954-68)
- Teen Titans ) #23 (Oct. 1969)
- Action Comics #409-418, 420-445 (1972-75)
- Aquaman, vol. 1, #40-56 (1968-71)
- Batman #208, 252, 254-261 (1968-75)
- Brave and the Bold #60, 97-98, 100-104, 110, 114, 116-117 (1955-75)
- Detective Comics #436 (1973)
- Flash #214, 216-219, 221, 223-232 (1972-75)
- Ghosts #1-6, 8-36 (1971-75)
- Strange Sport Stories #1-6 (1973)
- Superboy #182-198, 200-206 (1972-75)
- Superman #253-262, 264-285 (1972-75)
- Superman Family #165-169 (1974-75)
- Superman's Pal, Jimmy Olsen #154-163 (1972-74)
- Tomahawk #20-21, 24-27, 31-32, 36, 120 (1953-69)
- The Unexpected #111, 116-117, 119-120, 123, 125-127, 136-162 (1969-75)
- Wanted, the Most Dangerous Villains #2-9 (1972-73)
- Weird Western Tales (Bat Lash) #12 (1972)
- Witching Hour #1-2, 4-6, 8-9, 11-12, 15-17, 20, 22-52, 60 (1969-75)
- Wonder Woman #205-206, 211, 216 (1973-75)
- World's Finest Comics #212-228 (1972-75)
- The Art of Nick Cardy (Coates Publishing, 1999) ISBN 1-887591-22-2; reissued as Coates, John, with Nick Cardy (Vanguard Productions, 2001) ISBN 1-887591-22-2
- Nick Cardy: Comic Strips, Menard, Sean, and Nick Cardy (Frecklebean Publications, 2006) (self-published)
- "The Weekly Gallery", George, Richard, IGN.com, April 23, 2006
- Nolen-Weathington,Eric, with Nick Cardy, Nick Cardy: Behind The Art (TwoMorrows Publishing, 2008)
- Comic Book Marketplace Vol. 2, #48 (June 1997), pp. 20–27, 44-51, Gemstone Publishing
- Alter Ego #65 (2007)
- Witterstaetter, Renee, and Nick Cardy, "Nick Cardy: The Artist At War." (Little Eva Ink Publishing - 2011) ISBN 978-1-4507-4725-753999
- Nick Cardy (Nicholas Viscardi) at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Archived June 27, 2010.
- The Official Nick Cardy Website: "Biography". WebCitation archive.
- "Spotlight on Nick Cardy: The 1998 San Diego ComiCon Panel Transcript", Comic Book Artist #5, Summer 1999. WebCitation archive.
- The National Archives
- States Army Center of Military History
- "Nick Cardy Talks Titans & Aquaman", except from The Art of Nick Cardy (1999) via TitansTower.com (fan site). WebCitation archive.
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1960s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "Writer Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy added another member to the ranks of the newly formed Teen Titans: Wonder Girl."
- McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 116: "The Teen Titans earned their own series after successful tryouts in both The Brave and the Bold and Showcase. Scribe Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy promptly dispatched Robin, Aqualad, Wonder Girl, and Kid Flash...as the newest members of the Peace Corps."
- Bat Lash at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived October 25, 2011.
- Back Issue #13 (December 2005), p. 6
- Per reproduction of his commercial-art notecard in Cardy interview, Back Issue #13 (December 2005), p. 9, which gave his since-defunct, 1970s contact information as "Nick Cardi / 329 West 57th St., NYC, NY 10019 / (212) 581-9025"
- "Spirit of Will Eisner Lives on at 2005 Eisner Awards", Comic-Con.com. WebCitation archive.
- Story Search Results. Nick Cardy. Grand Comics Database. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
- The Official Nick Cardy Website. WebCitation archive
- World Talk Radio: Audio interview with Nick Cardy
- Nick Cardy at the Grand Comics Database
- "Nick Cardy, Jack of the Medium", "The Quarter Bin: Talent Pool", FortuneCity.com, n.d. (fan site) WebCitation archive
- Evanier, Mark. Transcript excerpt, 1998 Comic-Con International Nick Cardy panel, part 1, POV Online, column of March 2, 2001. WebCitation archive.
- Panel above, part 2. WebCitation archive.
- Where Monsters Dwell interview (mp3 audio)