Nick at Nite

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Nick at Nite
Logo of Nick at Nite (2012).svg
Launched July 1, 1985 (1985-07-01)
Network Nickelodeon
Owned by Viacom Media Networks
(Viacom)
Picture format 1080i (HDTV)
480i (SDTV)
Slogan The All New Nick at Nite
Country United States
Language English
Broadcast area Nationwide (with international versions in Latin America, Japan, India, Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States, and Southeast Asia)
Headquarters New York City, New York
Sister channel(s) Nickelodeon, TV Land, Nicktoons, TeenNick
Timeshift service Nick at Nite East
Nick at Nite West
Website nickatnite.com
Availability
(channel space shared with Nickelodeon)
Satellite
DirecTV Channel 299 (East; SD/HD)
Channel 300 (West; SD only)
1885 VOD (HD)
Dish Network Channel 170 (East; SD/HD)
Channel 171 (West; SD only)
C-Band AMC 11 – Channel 64 (4DTV Digital)
AMC 18 – Channel 28 (H2H 4DTV)
Cable
Verizon FiOS Channel 252 (East)
Channel 253 (West)
Available on most other U.S. cable systems Consult your local cable provider for channel availability
IPTV
AT&T U-verse Channel 314 (East)
Channel 315 (West)

Nick at Nite (stylized as nick@nite) is an American cable and satellite television network that broadcasts nightly over the channel space of Nickelodeon, which is owned by the MTV Networks Kids & Family Group, a unit of the Viacom Media Networks division of Viacom. It broadcasts on Sunday through Wednesdays from 8:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m., Thursdays and Fridays from 9:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m., and Saturdays from 10:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m. (Eastern and Pacific Time).

Although it shares channel space with its parent network, Nielsen counts Nick at Nite as a separate channel from Nickelodeon for ratings purposes.[1] Both services are sometimes collectively referred to as "Nickelodeon/Nick at Nite," due to their common association as two individual channels sharing the same channel space.[2]

Nick at Nite appeals to adult and/or adolescent audiences with a lineup of mainly live-action sitcom reruns and a limited amount of original programming. However because it shares channel space with Nickelodeon (prefiguring Cartoon Network and Adult Swim), some of Nick at Nite's programming – mainly programs that lead off the lineup each night – is aimed at preteens and adolescents between 8 and 15 years of age, the content on Nick at Nite (though looser in regards to profanity and suggestive dialogue compared to the children's-oriented Nickelodeon) is not as raunchy and less violent, encouraging a crossover audience between it and Nickelodeon viewers.

As of August 2013, Nick at Nite is available to approximately 98,799,000 pay television households (86.51% of households with at least one television set) in the United States.[3]

History[edit]

After the Hearst Corporation, NBC and ABC announced in the summer of 1984 that it would spin off A&E (which occupied the timeslot formerly occupied by the Alpha Repertory Television Service prior to its merger with The Entertainment Channel earlier that year) into a separate 24-hour cable channel and cease transmitting its programming over Nickelodeon's channel space to take better advantage of valuable satellite time, MTV Networks President Bob Pittman had asked Nickelodeon general manager Geraldine Laybourne to develop programming to fill the time period that would be vacated (once A&E became a separate channel in January 1985, Nickelodeon simply displayed a test pattern screen after the network signed off). After futile attempts at original program development, Laybourne asked programming and branding consultants Alan Goodman and Fred Seibert of Fred/Alan Inc. (successful as the original branders of MTV, and for Nickelodeon's extensive 1984 rebranding) to come up with programming ideas.

After being presented with over 200 episodes of The Donna Reed Show (a 1950s sitcom which Laybourne despised), Goodman and Seibert conceived the idea of the "first oldies TV network." They modeled the new evening and overnight programming block on the successful oldies radio format, "The Greatest Hits of All Time," and branded the block with their next evolution of MTV- and Nickelodeon-style imagery and bumpers. Head programmer Debby Beece led the team to the name "Nick at Nite" for the new block; a logo was originally conceived for the block was based on Nickelodeon's "pinball" logo introduced in 1981, which was discontinued with that network's rebrand. Fred/Alan developed the original logo with Tom Corey and Scott Nash of Boston advertising firm Corey McPherson Nash, creators of the well-recognized Nickelodeon orange logo (Nick at Nite's logo design would maintain a separate visual appearance from its parent network).

Nick at Nite debuted at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time on July 1, 1985 as a block on Nickelodeon. Its initial programming (running from 8:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m., seven days a week) was a mix of sitcoms, movies and one drama series, led by Dennis The Menace, and accompanied by The Donna Reed Show, the offbeat comedy Turkey Television (which, like Dennis, also aired on Nickelodeon) and Route 66. A nightly film presentation, branded as the Nick at Nite Movie, aired at 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time through the end of the decade, and included such classic films as the 1947 film The Red House and the 1937 film A Star is Born. The same five-hour block of programs originally repeated from 1:00 a.m. and ran until Nickelodeon began its broadcast day at 6:00 a.m. Eastern Time. As Nick at Nite grew, it would add to its library of shows – branching out to rerun sketch comedy, such as episodes from the early seasons of Saturday Night Live as well as the Canadian series SCTV. It also briefly reran the 1970s mock local talk show Fernwood 2Night. As the years went by, the channel's sitcom library swelled to over a hundred shows. For the channel's 20th birthday celebration in June 2005, TV Land aired an episode from almost every series that had appeared on Nick at Nite.

The Nick at Nite 10th Anniversary logo from 1995. The Nick at Nite logo seen in this screenshot, located within the "0" in "10", is a variant of the logo used for the block from 1992 to August 31, 2002, which in turn was modified from the original logo that debuted on July 1, 1985.

By the early 1990s, Nick at Nite began running a full schedule of programming, with overnight hours filled by a mix of secondary runs of shows airing on its evening schedule and series that were no longer shown on the evening lineup. In 1995, Nick at Nite celebrated its 10th Anniversary with a week-long event, in which the channel aired "hand picked episodes" of almost every series that had aired on Nick at Nite since its July 1985 debut. Each episode was introduced with its history, episode number, and references to the individual program's original run on Nick at Nite. A special 10th Anniversary on-screen bug was shown at the bottom left corner of the screen for 10 seconds once per half-hour show, and was used for the entire 1995 calendar year, much in the same manner as the 20th Anniversary logo in 2005 (in contrast, Nick at Nite did not make any acknowledgment of its 25th Anniversary in 2010).

Nick at Nite logo used from September 1, 2002 to September 1, 2007 (which is an updated version of the 1992 to 2002 design, with a circle as its only background); an orange variant used from 2006 to September 1, 2007.

In March 2004, Nielsen began splitting up Nick at Nite and Nickelodeon in its primetime and total day ratings reports, due to the different programming, advertisers and target audiences between the two services; this caused controversy among executives of some cable channels who believed that this move manipulated the ratings, given that Nick at Nite's broadcast day takes up only a fraction of Nickelodeon's programming schedule.[4] Nickelodeon's and Nick at Nite's respective ratings periods encompass only the hours they each operate under the total day rankings, though Nick at Nite is rated only for the primetime ratings; this is due to a ruling by Nielsen in July 2004, that networks have to program for 51% or more of a particular daypart to qualify for ratings for that daypart.[5]

Nick at Nite logo used from September 1, 2007 to September 28, 2009.

In 2007, the coloring of Nick at Nite's logo was changed from blue to orange, in order to match the coloring of Nickelodeon's logo. On September 1, 2007, the network introduced a new logo based on Nickelodeon's longtime "splat" logo was introduced, with the orange "splat" formed in the shape of a waxing gibbous moon – this effectively integrated the Nickelodeon branding onto Nick at Nite for the first time, as the varied logos that were used from its 1985 launch utilized variants of the Futura Condensed font (the 1984 to 2009 Nickelodeon logo designed by Seibert and Goodman used the Balloon typeface) with various shape backgrounds and a small circle with the word "at" (replaced by an "@" symbol overlaid on a circle background in 2002 for visual symmetry, owing to the character's building ubiquity from the Internet and eventually into general pop culture) lodged between and staggering the "I"'s.

On July 5, 2009, Nick at Nite extended its programming hours to end at 7:00 a.m. seven days a week (the weekend lineup ended one hour earlier from April to June 2010 and from January to May 2011) and to begin at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time on Sunday through Thursday nights and 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time on Friday nights (the Saturday lineup continues to have a 10:00 p.m. Eastern Time start time due to the presence of the long-running Saturday primetime comedy lineup on Nickelodeon). Nick at Nite's times of operation have changed several times over the years, to at one point (between 1998 and 2000) beginning as late as 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time on Sunday through Thursdays and ending as early as 5:30 a.m. Eastern Time.

Nick at Nite overhauled its on-air appearance on September 28, 2009 as part of Nickelodeon's universal rebranding effort – the new logo, also based on Nickelodeon's logo, stylized the network's name as "nick@nite" (rendered as one word in lower case letters within the new network logo).[6] The network also stopped airing the production closing credits for most of its programs (except for those that have tag scenes during the end credits, and originally some series that aired on the network prior to the rebrand that rejoined the network afterward, such as Full House) and began employing network-uniform closing credits – which Nickelodeon had been utilizing since at least 2000 (both Nick at Nite and Nickelodeon often omit end tag scenes or blooper reels of some shows using this format).

Programming[edit]

Nick at Nite is known as the "first classic TV network," having originally aired older classic television programs from the 1950s through the early 1970s throughout its nighttime schedule. The time range of Nick at Nite's programming has shifted over the years, to the point where by the early 2000s, its classic series consisted of primarily of shows from the 1980s and 1990s, and also included series from the early and mid-2000s by the end of that decade and into the early 2010s. The early success with classic television series, as well as the eventual shift away from series made prior to 1985, eventually led to the creation of digital broadcast networks similar to Nick at Nite's original format such as the Retro Television Network, Antenna TV and Me-TV (which have featured many shows formerly seen on Nick at Nite). Nick at Nite's lineup presently includes reruns of comedy series from the 1980s to 2000s such as Full House, Friends, That '70s Show, George Lopez, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, How I Met Your Mother, Everybody Loves Raymond and Hangin' with Mr. Cooper. The network also airs occasional movies, as well as some Nickelodeon original programs (some of which are produced by Nickelodeon Productions for the Nick at Nite lineup) such as See Dad Run and Instant Mom during early primetime hours.

Nick at Nite airs virtually all of its programming in hour-long (and sometimes two-hour) blocks, which were branded under the "Double Takes" banner from 2002 to 2007; typically series that air back-to-back are scheduled in two blocks, one in primetime and one in late night. Typically, series that have been airing on Nick at Nite for at least three years are often are moved exclusively to the overnight schedule in order to make room for newly acquired series (though in the past, entire broadcast runs of a few series such as Perfect Strangers and Charles in Charge have aired in an overnight graveyard slot for a short period of time following their debut on the network). For about a year-and-a-half prior to the September 28, 2009 rebrand, Nick at Nite aired marathons of programming from midnight to 5:00 a.m. Eastern Time.

Nick at Nite is one of the few basic cable channels in the United States that continues to sign off for scheduled satellite maintenance, occurring on a Wednesday morning from 5:30 to 6:00 a.m. Eastern Time on a bi-monthly basis, with color bars being displayed during the sign-off period (Viacom-owned sister channels Nick Jr., Nicktoons, MTV and its spinoff channels, VH1, and VH1 Classic also sign off for a half-hour on a bi-monthly basis at the same time as Nick at Nite for the same reason); it is also one of only a handful of cable channels to have discontinued airing infomercials, Nick at Nite ran infomercials in some overnight timeslots from 1987 to 1998 (it is only one of two Viacom-owned networks to have removed paid programming from its schedule, sister channel BET had discontinued infomercials in 1997, replacing them with religious programming in overnight/early morning timeslots[7]).

On May 16, 2011, Nick at Nite began scheduling programs airing from 11:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. Eastern Time in an "off-the-clock" format, in which the network runs extended commercial breaks of as much as seven minutes in length to allow additional advertising spots (a method that has drawn viewer criticism due to the length between the start of each commercial break and the start of the next segment of a program[8]), allowing the programs to be broadcast in a longer timeslot each half-hour until 6:00 a.m. Eastern Time, when start times return to a half-hourly format. This format was originated by sister network TV Land beginning in 2010 and has since been adopted by other Viacom networks including MTV, BET and Spike around the same time as Nick at Nite. The side effect that results from this scheduling and expanded advertising is that one full half-hour of programming is lost, therefore the overnight schedule features only a single episode of one series whereas most other Nick at Nite programs air in double episode blocks.[9]

On June 25, 2012, Nick at Nite began airing Nickelodeon programs for the first time, airing reruns of All That and Kenan and Kel from 8:00 to 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time weeknights. Two weeks later, the two series were replaced with reruns of Victorious, before being replaced by the teen novela series Hollywood Heights, which would move to TeenNick halfway through its first (and only) season due to low ratings. Nickelodeon and Nick at Nite currently share the 8:00 to 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time timeslot on weeknights.

Movies[edit]

In addition to running sitcom reruns, Nick at Nite has also experimented with airing movies in early primetime; after the 1985 to 1989 run of the Nick at Nite Movie showcase, the channel did not air movies on its schedule again until the summer of 2007, when it aired films each week on Tuesday nights. The channel has aired films occasionally since then, and have begun to air them periodically since February 2010 on Sunday nights, beginning that month with telecasts of the Nickelodeon Movies-produced Good Burger, Angus, Thongs and Perfect Snogging and The Rugrats Movie.

Some movies and special presentations that Nick at Nite aired during 2010 and 2011 had occasionally aired over what is normally Nickelodeon's broadcast time (for example, the February 21, 2010 premiere telecast of the special School Gyrls aired at 7:00 p.m. Eastern Time, though Nickelodeon typically does not turn over its channel space to Nick at Nite until 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time on Sunday nights), which is unusual as some of these special presentations are aimed at Nickelodeon's preteen target audience; however until May 2010, when the network began promoting its film telecasts as airing on Nick at Nite, promos for these films did not acknowledge whether they were to be broadcast on Nick at Nite or Nickelodeon (an issue as promos for scheduled primetime films were cross-promoted with Nickelodeon), with the only reference as to the film's airing on Nick at Nite coming from the logo bug that is shown during the film.

Some of the movies that has Nick at Nite in recent years have included the Back to the Future trilogy, Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Baby's Day Out, Pretty in Pink, National Lampoon's Vacation, Ghostbusters (and its sequel Ghostbusters II), Jurassic Park, The Nutty Professor and Legally Blonde. Film telecasts have become more common on Nick at Nite since the fall of 2012, often airing on a near-weekly basis, typically on Sunday evenings.

Original programming[edit]

Nick at Nite has also occasionally experimented with creating its own programs, sometimes with bizarre and surrealistic results. On December 5, 1987, the channel ran a contest called the Do It Yourself Sitcom Special, which was billed as the first time that real people ever had their own television shows. Viewers submitted their own sitcom ideas and the winner would supposedly get their own show. In 1988, the channel aired a half-hour animated Christmas special from Ralph Bakshi, which served as the pilot for a proposed animated series titled Tattertown. The program was never picked up to series, but the special, later renamed Christmas in Tattertown, aired on Nick at Nite every Christmas for several years. In 1990, the channel briefly aired a satiricial comedy series called On the Television,[10] a mock critic show hosted by Siskel and Ebert-type characters that featured bizarre, sometimes disturbing clips from parodied television shows supposedly beginning that week.

In the early 1990s, the channel ran a one-time special featuring old television commercials; this idea would be rehashed by the network on several other shows and eventually become a staple of offshoot channel, TV Land, as part of the "Retromercials" segment that aired during commercial breaks until the mid-2000s. Another special aired by Nick at Nite was promoted as a TV dad quiz, in which the host walked through a "typical TV Home," and quizzed viewers at home with trivia about classic TV dad clichés. At one point, the host told viewers to connect pictures of TV dads with their appropriate TV wives displayed on the screen with a magic marker. At the end of this segment, he mentions that he forgot to tell the viewers to place a piece of plastic over their screen while doing this and made jokes about the viewers futilely trying to clean the magic marker off their screens for the rest of the show.

In 1991, Nick at Nite debuted its own sitcom based around the rerun genre it had pioneered. The short-lived Hi Honey, I'm Home! (titled after the cliché phrase that male lead characters in some classic sitcoms said to their wives when returning home from work) focused on a 1950s sitcom family called the Nielsens, whose show has been removed from syndication, forcing the family to leave TV Land and move into a real 1990s suburban neighborhood, repeatedly confronting the family with culture shock. The series aired on Fridays as part of ABC's TGIF lineup, with the episode being "rerun" on Nick at Nite in primetime on the following Sunday.

In 2008, the channel announced that it was developing a family-oriented remake of the 1990s game show Nickelodeon GUTS titled My Family's Got GUTS, as well as a dog competition show.[11] My Family's Got GUTS eventually premiered on Nickelodeon in September 2008. On August 17, 2009, Nick at Nite debuted a new stop-motion claymation series called Glenn Martin DDS, which ran for two seasons. Scripted programming returned to Nick at Nite in 2012, with the June 11 debut of the telenovela-based Hollywood Heights, followed on October 6 with the premiere of See Dad Run.

Marathons and blocks[edit]

Programming marathons were an innovation that began with Nick at Nite in 1985. Working together at college radio station WKCR-FM while attending New York City's prestigious Columbia University, Fred/Alan, Inc. founders Alan Goodman and Fred Seibert saw the ratings success of radio marathons featuring music from Ludwig van Beethoven, John Coltrane and Charles Mingus. As the Nick at Nite "oldies" format was adapted from radio, they suggested the multi-hour (sometimes multi-day) marathon might also work with television programming. The marathon format proved successful and became a ratings boosting staple of cable television networks for over two decades.

During the week of Halloween in late October 1990, the network held a special contest, hosted by game show host Wink Martindale, during a marathon of Alfred Hitchcock Presents. Viewers at home were supposed to keep a running total of the total number of deaths on the show. At the end of the marathon, the persons who had gotten the correct total were entered into a drawing to win a prize. As Martindale said, "it's kind of like guessing the number of jelly beans in a jelly bean jar, but instead of jelly beans, you're using cadavers!"[citation needed]

When new shows are added to the lineup, they are usually accompanied by some kind of marathon that is sometimes hosted by a star from the show. For instance, when Newhart joined Nick at Nite in the early 1990s, the channel also acquired Bob Newhart's short-lived third sitcom Bob, and ran a block branded "Bob's Bob, Bob Newhart, Newhart Marathon", featuring the two shows along with The Bob Newhart Show (which it already had the rights to broadcast), in an event hosted by Bob Newhart. Nick at Nite's debut of The Mary Tyler Moore Show was called the "Marython". When I Love Lucy joined Nick at Nite in 1994, a week-long marathon called "Nick at Nite Loves Lucy" aired, showcasing every one of Lucille Ball's sitcoms that aired between 1951 and 1986 (I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show, Here's Lucy and Life With Lucy). When some older shows were retired, Nick at Nite would also frequently have a marathon send-off. For instance, when Mister Ed was finally retired from the network in 1993 after a seven-year run, Nick at Nite ran a weekend-long marathon of the show called "Au Revoir Mister Ed!"; a similar send-off for The Donna Reed Show, which ran on the channel for nine years beginning with Nick at Nite's July 1985 debut, also ran that year. My Three Sons was sent off the night Daylight Savings Time ended in October 1991 with a marathon called "Nite of the Setting Sons," permitting two extra episodes in the marathon due to the one-hour time shift.

During the summer months from the mid-to-late 1990s, the channel for a while ran a program block called "Vertivision" (later known as "Block Party Summer") during which a different series was shown in a three-hour block each night of the week. In its first year, network promos referred to the nights featured in the special lineup as "Mary Mondays" (for The Mary Tyler Moore Show), "Lucy Tuesdays" (for I Love Lucy), "Bewitched Be-Wednesdays" (for Bewitched), "Jeannie Thursdays" (for I Dream of Jeannie) and "Sgt. Joe Fridays" (for Dragnet). With the passing years, the summer blocks shifted to include series recently added to Nick at Nite's program inventory.

Other seasonal scheduling blocks were also not uncommon such as Christmas-themed blocks during late December, Thanksgiving-themed blocks in November, and Valentine's Day-themed episodes in February. Each New Year's Eve from 1989 to 1998, the channel would host "Nick at Nite's (year) Rerun/Classic TV/TV Hits Countdown" hosted by longtime countdown radio DJ, Casey Kasem. Kasem would spend the period from noon (11:30 a.m. in 1990) until New Year's Day at 12:30 a.m. Eastern Time counting down the 25 "most classic" episodes of the series airing on Nick at Nite at that time as determined by viewers at home, with the #1 episode being revealed at midnight.

Another well-known lineup was the "Lucy: Queen of Comedy" block which ran on Saturday nights from June 4, 1994 to May 3, 1996, which consisted of I Love Lucy, The Lucy Show and The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, which were all airing on the network at that time (a similar block called "A Whole Lotta Lucy" aired on Saturday nights from 1996 to 2001, featuring only I Love Lucy and The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour). In the mid-1990s, another Saturday night programming block titled "Very, Very Nick at Nite" centered around a different theme each week, such as "Very Very Mary" with four classic Mary Tyler Moore Show episodes. In summer of 2008, Nick at Nite aired a marathon called Battle of the Sexes, which featured episodes of their regular programs that involved conflict between men and women.

Nick at Nite generally broadcasts a marathon of their programming on holidays (such as the "Luck of the Lopez" marathon of George Lopez that aired on Saint Patrick's Day in March 2008). For two years in a row, in October 2007 and 2008, Nick at Nite broadcast the Shocktober marathon (branded as Shocktober 2 for the 2008 event), featuring Halloween-themed episodes of the regularly scheduled program. Other holidays that the network often features themed marathons include Mother's Day, Father's Day and Christmas. In November 2006, regular Nick at Nite programming was preempted for Nickelodeon's "Best Day Ever", a 24-hour marathon of SpongeBob SquarePants episodes which, at the end of the event, led to the premiere of a new episode of the same name. Nick at Nite programming was again preempted to continue Nickelodeon's 48-hour "SpongeBob SpongeBash" marathon in July 2009.

Branding and commercials[edit]

Nick at Nite has used a myriad of unusual and unorthodox commercials, logos and promotions. Alan Goodman and Fred Seibert assembled a team of highly imaginative writer/producers, modeled on their original 1981 creative team that had launched sister channel MTV. The group – which included Scott Webb, Jim Levi, Dave Potorti, Jay Newell, Will McRobb and Tom Hill – was guided towards created a series of internal campaigns to emphasize the seeming paradox of a contemporary network setting that programmed reruns from the 1960s and earlier. A series of five "promises" were organized into four 30-second spots each hour, each emphasizing an attribute of the innovative programming format.

In 1986, the channel began running a few different animated 10-second channel identifications that were repetitive in nature, but all had vastly different endings (similar to the "watch me pull a rabbit out of my hat" gag from The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show). In one such ID, the first chord of "A Hard Day's Night" would be heard strummed, as a man began to hang up a Nick at Nite logo and common living room objects such as a chair and a television set. Once the man sat down in front of the TV set and clicked the remote, a bizarre incident would happen, such as a gorilla coming out of the set. Before a promo ended, the Nick at Nite logo would appear, somehow tied to its premise. Other IDs included either a woman setting up her backyard behind a "city" background, which was made of cardboard, or a couple setting up their living rooms. These idents were used in many different variations until they were discontinued in 1991, and replaced with updated and newer idents produced by Eli Noyes, Kit Laybourne and the Fred/Alan agency.

Throughout most of the 1990s (beginning particularly in 1991), Nick at Nite started running a wide variety of IDs. These were made with almost every imaginable technique from limited animation, to claymation and stop motion, to original live action and stock footage. Almost every commercial had a different jingle professing Nick at Nite as being "A TV Viewer's Dream" for "the TV generation" and as coming from a place called "TV Land" ("Hello Out there, from TV Land!"), promoting "Better Living Through Television" and proclaiming itself curator of "Our Television Heritage", although these claims were always somewhat tongue in cheek. There were also sarcastic promotions created for shows airing on the network: an announcer's voice would discuss the series, accompanied by clips and music, and sometimes the show's theme song. The commercials would use an actor's line or expression and take it out of context to create a new subversive meaning. The channel still uses this technique today, although often in a more hybrid way. A popular take-off of the Michelob Light commercial; "The Nite Belongs to Nick" ran for a short period of time before being discontinued due to copyright issues. One series of promos had Dick Van Dyke (whose eponymous 1960s sitcom was a mainstay of the channel in the 1990s) depicted as "Chairman of Nick at Nite" (this idea was later recycled by one of Nick at Nite's sister networks, TeenNick, which depicted actor and television personality Nick Cannon as the "Chairman of TeenNick" in a series of promos that began airing in 2009).

The early 1990s also saw the addition of a mascot for Nick at Nite, Dixie the TV Land Pixie. For a time, the network would also play a short bumper called "Milkman," about a milkman who would distribute wholesome advice to customers on his milk delivery route. In 1995, in honor of the network's 10th anniversary, Nick at Nite aired a tribute to the commercials throughout the network's existence and hosted by former network president Rich Cronin.

The channel also had a unique way of informing viewers on the show that was about to air next. Beginning as only an announcer reading off that evening's block of shows and their airtimes as music was played over an on-screen graphic, this simple concept would be revised and re-revised many times over. At one point, a television with objects and people from the show scrolling by (for instance, for Get Smart a shoe phone, gun, and Max and 99) would appear on the screen while the announcer read off the program title and time; the time that the show was scheduled to air would be displayed in another box; this continues to be changed and updated.

The station also had a wide variety of "bugs" or logos displayed in promos and in the lower left corner of the screen, the lower right from 1998 onward. The network also featured a variety of bumpers; from 1992 to 1998, the bumpers had a yellow diamond Nick at Nite logo with "[tonite]" displayed next to it. At the end of them, the announcer said "Nick at Nite: Classic TV with a capital C", or "Nick at Nite: Open all nite" (which had an animated background of a diner with the "Nick at Nite" name on top). The channel's continuity announcer from 1992 to 2007, Bill St. James, has also served as an announcer for the premium channels Showtime, The Movie Channel (both former sister channels to Nick at Nite) and HBO – among other television clients, as well as serving as the host of the radio shows Flashback and Time Warp (which focus on classic rock and oldies music). From 1997 to 2002, the bumpers included a cartoon drawing of a girl watching TV, two tikis with a tucan and a TV or a drawing of three guys in a taxi above the moons and stars. At the end, St. James would read "On the place for TV Hits", before a woman's voice was heard saying "Nick at Nite" in a sing-song tone. Although introduced in 1997, it was used intact with the 1992 Nick at Nite "Classic TV" schedule bumper until 1998. In fact, one bumper had the "TV Hits" background schemes (a city with the Nick at Nite logo on a billboard), with with the announcer reading "It's Classic TV", and the female voice singing "Nick at Nite". Another bumper from 1992 had the yellow Nick at Nite logo against colorful squares and the announced "Right here on", and the woman singing "Nick at Nite".

Network slogans[edit]

  • Hello, Out There From TV Land (July 1985–September 1997)[12]
  • Classic TV (September 1992–September 1997)
  • Feel Good TV (1997–July/August 2000; Australia)[13]
  • The Place for TV Hits (September 1997–February 2001)[14]
  • All Sitcoms, All Night Long (February–October 2001)
  • 100% Sitcoms, 100% Unreality (October 2001–February 2002)
  • We Play Favorites (2003–2007)
  • It's Not Just Nite. It's Nick at Nite. (September 2007–September 2009)
  • It's Here All Nite on Nick at Nite. (September 2009–July 2013)
  • Tonite's the Right Nite for Nick at Nite. (July 2013–January 30, 2014)
  • The All New Nick at Nite (January 30, 2014–present)

Ratings[edit]

Nick at Nite is ranked number one with Adults 18-49 for 2009 in total day, according to Nielsen Media Research (12/31/07-12/14/08) -- averaging a .6/655,000 A18-49 (up +20% in rating over last year), and marking its most-watched year in four years with A18-49.

According to MarketWatch, Nick at Nite is the top cable network with Adults 18-49. In total day, average ratings are about 1.5 million viewers. It is also the #1 cable network among women aged 18–49 averaging a 0.7 rating/415,000 total viewers.[15]

TV Land[edit]

Main article: TV Land

On April 29, 1996, Viacom spun off a separate network from Nick at Nite, TV Land (originally branded as "Nick at Nite's TV Land" until 1999),[16] which features a variety of rerun programming; the channel is usually carried on the basic tiers of cable, IPTV and satellite providers. On December 17, 2006, TV Land stopped operating under the control of Nick at Nite as Nickelodeon began overseeing that service under the MTV Networks Kids & Family Group, though TV Land continued to be operated as part of Viacom's MTV Networks (now Viacom Media Netwoks) division. During its early years, the channel ran classic television series from the early 1950s to the 1970s. In 2004, TV Land began to incorporate sitcoms from the 1980s and 1990s; reality shows and weekly movie presentations were added as the decade progressed. However, much of TV Land's programming continues to include series from the 1960s and 1970s.

Like Nick at Nite, TV Land airs some limited original programming, originally consisting of only original reality series and by 2010, the channel's first original scripted series Hot in Cleveland. The channel formerly ran a nightly programming block aimed at 40- to 55-year-olds called "TV Land PRIME", which aired from 9:00 p.m. to 12:00 a.m. Eastern and Pacific Time from 2008 to 2010 (though curiously, shows that aired within the block that also aired in other timeslots displayed the block's logo bug). Many series that have been aired by Nick at Nite, such as Three's Company, The Cosby Show and Home Improvement have either been shared between Nick at Nite and TV Land, or moved to TV Land entirely. As of January 2010, TV Land is one of only three Viacom-owned channels to air infomercials (the only others being CMT and Spike).

International[edit]

Despite the large international presence of Nickelodeon, Nick at Nite does not have as much widespread coverage. International versions of Nick at Nite currently exist in Latin America, Japan and Southeast Asia. A British version of Nick at Nite was planned for launch in the United Kingdom as well as version in India, but plans for these networks were later scrapped.

The first international version of Nick at Nite launched on February 13, 2006 on Nickelodeon Latin America. Since January 2007, the network has aired shows such as ALF, Mork & Mindy, The Addams Family, The Munsters, Bewitched, I Dream of Jeannie, Growing Pains, The Facts of Life, Diff'rent Strokes, Get Smart and Perfect Strangers, which have been broadcast on other Latin American broadcast and cable channels. Although the Latin American Nickelodeon was launched in the mid-1990s, it had never carried the Nick at Nite block before; the Latin American version has since shifted away from classic series and now only airs defunct Nickelodeon series, both Nicktoons and live-action comedies such as Zoey 101, Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide, True Jackson, VP, Hey Arnold!, Rocko's Modern Life and Rocket Power.[17]

See also[edit]

  • Antenna TV – an American digital broadcast network owned by the Tribune Company, focusing on classic television series and movies from the 1950s to 1990s.
  • Retro Television Network – an American digital broadcast network owned by Luken Communications, focusing on classic television series from the 1950s to 1980s.
  • Me-TV – an American digital broadcast network owned by Weigel Broadcasting, focusing on classic television series from the 1950s to 1980s.
  • Cozi TV – an American digital broadcast network owned by NBCUniversal airing classic television programs from the NBCU library, along with programming from forerunner network NBC NonStop.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nickelodeon Squeezes 2 Ratings Out of 1 Very Diverse Network – Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 2004-03-25. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  2. ^ NICKELODEON/NICK AT NITE (WEST)
  3. ^ Seidman, Robert (August 23, 2013). "List of How Many Homes Each Cable Networks Is In - Cable Network Coverage Estimates As Of August 2013". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Nielsen’s 51% Solution Nixes Nicks | Cable Television News | Broadcast Syndication | Programming". Multichannel.com. 2004-07-19. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  5. ^ "Content | Cable Television News | Broadcast Syndication | Programming". Multichannel.com. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ BET Bails On Infomercials, MediaPost', July 1, 2002,
  8. ^ Viacom Loads More Ads on Channels, The Wall Street Journal, August 26, 2012.
  9. ^ Nick at Nite Adding That '70s Show in June 2011, Buffy Finally Scheduled on TeenNick; The Hub Adds Jem, Sitcoms Online, May 23, 2011. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
  10. ^ "On the Television" (1990)
  11. ^ Michael Schneider (2008-05-05). "Nick at Nite integrating ‘Family’ TV". Variety. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  12. ^ "Nick at Nite animated promos". YouTube. 2009-07-26. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  13. ^ "Nick at Nite Start Up and Listing". YouTube. 2010-08-01. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  14. ^ "Nick at Nite # 3 1998". YouTube. 2007-11-03. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  15. ^ "Breaking News – Nickelodeon Is 2009's Top-Ranked Cable Network". TheFutonCritic.com. 2009-12-22. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  16. ^ Bianculli, David, "Oldies Net Loaded with Goodies"; New York Daily News, March 19, 1996
  17. ^ Mundonick.com

External links[edit]