|Molar mass||90.7584 g mol-1|
|Melting point||797 °C (1,467 °F; 1,070 K)|
|Boiling point||1,388 °C (2,530 °F; 1,661 K)|
|Solubility in water||insoluble|
|Solubility||soluble in nitric acid|
|R-phrases||R43, R49, R50, R53|
|S-phrases||S45, S53, S61, S60|
|Main hazards||may cause cancer by inhalation|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Nickel sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula NiS. It is a black solid that is produced by treating nickel(II) salts with hydrogen sulfide. Many nickel sulfides are known, including the mineral millerite,which also has the formula NiS. Aside from being useful ores, nickel sulfides are the products of desulfurization reactions, and are sometimes used as catalysts. Nonstoichiometric forms of nickel sulfide are known, e.g., Ni9S8 and Ni3S2.
Nickel sulfide has two polymorphs. The alpha form has a hexagonal unit cell, while the beta form has a rhombohedral cell. Small amounts of this compound occur as imperfection when glass is manufactured. It is believed that cracks occur in toughened window glass panels due to the volume change associated with the alpha to beta phase transition of these nickel sulfide defects.
The precipitation of solid black nickel sulfide is a mainstay of traditional qualitative inorganic analysis schemes, which begins with the separation of metals on the basis of the solubility of their sulfides. Such reactions are written:
- Ni2+ (aq) + H2S (aq) → NiS (s) + 2 H+ (aq)
The mineral millerite is also a nickel sulfide with the molecular formula NiS, although its structure differs from synthetic stoichiometric NiS due to the conditions under which it forms. It occurs naturally in low temperature hydrothermal systems, in cavities of carbonate rocks, and as a byproduct of other nickel minerals.
- "Nickel sulfide - Compound Summary". Retrieved October 17, 2012.
- Wells, A.F. (1984) Structural Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-855370-6.
- Bishop, D.W.; Thomas, P.S.; Ray, A.S. (1998). "Raman spectra of nickel(II) sulfide". Materials Research Bulletin 33 (9): 1303. doi:10.1016/S0025-5408(98)00121-4.
- "NiS and Spontaneous Breakage". Glass on Web. Nov 2012.
- O.Glemser "Nickel Sulfide" in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Vol. 2. p. 1551.
- leading reference can be found in: Shabnam Virji, Richard B. Kaner, Bruce H. Weiller "Direct Electrical Measurement of the Conversion of Metal Acetates to Metal Sulfides by Hydrogen Sulfide" Inorg. Chem., 2006, 45 (26), pp 10467–10471.doi:10.1021/ic0607585
- Gamsjager H. C., Bugajski J., Gajda T., Lemire R. J., Preis W. (2005) Chemical Thermodynamics of Nickel, Amsterdam, Elsevier B.V.