Nicodim Munteanu

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Patriarh Nicodim (centre), with Mihai I (right) and Gheorghiu-Dej (left) at a reception at the Soviet embassy, 1946

Nicodim Munteanu also known as Patriarch Nicodim (December 6, 1864, Pipirig, Neamț County, Romania – February 27, 1948, Bucharest) was the head of the Romanian Orthodox Church (Patriarch of All Romania) between 1939 and 1948.


He studied theology at the Kiev-Mohyla Academy, Russian Empire and became a monk at Neamț Monastery in 1894.

Nicodim was supportive of the Royal Family of Romania and a notable anti-Communist, refusing to give support for the Soviet-backed Communist regime in the process of installation in Romania in 1945–1947. His death in 1948 and the subsequent appointment of a new Patriarch, Justinian I, who was supportive of the Communists, has been viewed as suspect by historians.

Nicodim Munteanu was buried at the Romanian Patriarchal Cathedral in Bucharest, next to the first Patriarch of Romania Miron Cristea.

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Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Miron Cristea
Patriarch of All Romania
Succeeded by
Justinian Marina