Nicolae Breban

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Nicolae Breban
Breban1.jpg
Born (1934-02-01) February 1, 1934 (age 80)
Baia Mare
Occupation novelist, essayist
Nationality Romanian
Period 1957–

Nicolae Breban (born on February 1, 1934, Baia Mare, Romania) is a Romanian novelist and essayist.

Biography[edit]

He is the son of Vasile Breban, a Greek Catholic priest in the village of Recea, Maramureş County. His mother, Olga Constanţa Esthera Breban, born Böhmler, descended from a family of German merchants who emigrated from Alsace Lorraine. In 1951, he was expelled from school on account of his social origin when in the penultimate year at the „Coriolan Brediceanu” High School in Lugoj. He worked as an office clerk in Oradea, and finally passed the graduation exams at the „Oltea Doamna” High School. As he intended to study at the Polytechnical Institute, he had to work first as an apprentice at the "23 August” Works in Bucharest. He enrolled in the Faculty of Philosophy by „forging personal documents” as he candidly admitted in Confesiuni violente ("Violent Confessions"). His reading of Nietzsche and Schopenhauer made him, in fact, suspicious in the eyes of Dean Athanase Joja. He made his literary debut in „Viaţa studenţească” (no. 5, May 1957), with the sketch Doamna din vis ("The Lady in the Dream").

At the 10th Congress of the Romanian Communist Party, held between 6 and 12 August 1969, he was elected a substitute member of the Central Committee. Beginning with issue no. 20 of 14 May 1970, he was editor-in-chief of the literary review "România literară”, around which he attracted some of Romania's most important writers. In 1971, the première of the movie Printre colinele verzi/Among the Green Hills (written and directed by Nicolae Breban), the film version of Sick Animals, took place. The communist authorities were quite annoyed by this movie, but it was nevertheless included in the official selection for the International Festival of Cannes. While in Paris, Nicolae Breban remained shocked by the so-called "July Theses”, by means of which Nicolae Ceauşescu, following the Maoist model, was trying to start some kind of the Cultural Revolution. The writer publicly repudiated the cultural policy of the Romanian regime in a number of interviews published in the Western media, and, in protest, resigned his position as editor-in-chief of "România literară”. Back home, in 1972, the communist authorities regarded him as an outcast. He was therefore marginalized, watched by the police, and not allowed to travel abroad again until 1975, despite having also acquired German citizenship that year. Without actually becoming an exile, he lived mostly in Paris with his wife, Cristina, between 1986 and 1989. He returned to Romania, and in 1990 launched a new series of the literary review "Contemporanul. Ideea europeană”. On the 24th of October 1997, he became a corresponding member of the Romanian Academy, and on the 14th of January 2009, a full member.

Published works[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • Francisca, 1965
  • În absenţa stăpânilor (When the Masters are Away), 1966
  • Animale bolnave (Sick Animals), 1968
  • Îngerul de gips (The Plaster Angel), 1973
  • Bunavestire (The Annunciation), 1977
  • Don Juan, 1981
  • Drumul la zid (The Back to the Wall), 1984
  • Pândă şi seducţie (Still hunt and Seduction), 1991
  • Amfitrion (Amphitryon), vol. I, Demonii mărunţi/The Lesser Demons, vol. II, Procuratorii/The Procurators, vol. III, Alberta, 1994
  • Ziua şi noaptea (The Day and the Night), 1998
  • Voinţa de putere (The Will to Power), 2001
  • Puterea nevăzută (The Unseen Power), 2004
  • Jiquidi, 2007
  • Singura cale (The Only Path), 2011

Novels translated in other languages[edit]

  • Franciska, translated by Huszár Sándor, Bucharest, Irodalom Könyvkiádó, 1968
  • Franciska, translated by Ivan Krstev Vlah, Sofia, Profizdet, 1968
  • Franciska, translated by Jurij Koževnikov, Moscow, Progress, 1969
  • Franciska, translated by Juozas Vaisnoras, Vilnius, Vaga, 1970
  • Franciska, translated by Janis Bunduls, Riga, Liesma, 1971
  • Kranke Tiere (Sick Animals), translated by Georg Scherg, Bucharest, Kriterion, 1973
  • When the Masters are Away (Ebbi en Kvinna med karaktär), translated by Barbro Andersson into Swedish, René Coeckelberghs' Publishing House, 1975
  • When the Masters are Away (En l'absence des maîtres), translated by Virgil Tănase into French, Paris, Publishing House Flammarion, 1983
  • Annunciation (L'Annonciation), translated by Dorina Radu and Marcel Péju, Paris, Publishing House Flammarion, 1985
  • Don Juan, translated by Marcel Péju and Daniel Pujol, Paris, Publishing House Flammarion, 1993
  • When the Masters are Away (In assenza dei padroni), translated by Maria Floarea Pop, Siena, Edizioni Cantagalli, 2013

Short stories[edit]

  • Orfeu în infern (Orpheus in the Underwold), 2008

Essays, diaries[edit]

  • Confesiuni violente (Violent Confessions), 1994
  • Riscul în cultură (Taking Chances in Culture), 1997
  • Spiritul românesc în faţa unei dictaturi (The Romanian Spirit Facing Dictatorship), 1997
  • Stricte amintiri literare (Rigorous Literary Memoirs), 2001
  • Sensul vieţii (Memorii I-IV) (The Meaning of Life), 2003–2007
  • Friedrich Nietzsche, Maxime comentate (Commented Morals), 2004
  • Vinovaţi fără vină (Innocent Culprits), 2006

Plays[edit]

  • Bătrâna doamnă şi fluturele (The Old Lady and the Butterfly), 1984
  • Culoarul cu şoareci (A Corridor Ridden with Mice), 1990 (the première of the play is performed at „Vasile Alecsandri” National Theater in Iaşi in 1993)
  • Ursul şi ştiuca (The Bear and the Pike), 2000

Poems[edit]

  • Elegii parisiene (Parisian Elegies), 1992

Translation[edit]

  • Rainer Maria Rilke, Duino Elegies, 2006; 2008

Filmography[edit]

(as screenplay writer)

(as screenplay writer and director)

  • Printre colinele verzi (Among the Green Hills, the film version of Sick Animals), 1971

Awards[edit]

  • The „Ion Creangă” Award of the Romanian Academy (1965)
  • The Romanian Writers' Union Award (1968)
  • The Romanian Writers' Union Award (1994)
  • The Romanian Writers' Union Award „Opera Omnia” (2000)

Further reading[edit]

  • Marian Victor Buciu, Breban. Eseu despre stratagemele supravieţuirii narative (Breban. An Essay on the Stratagems of Narrative Survival), Craiova, Editura Sitech, 1996
  • Laura Pavel, Antimemoriile lui Grobei. Eseu monografic despre opera lui Nicolae Breban (The Antimemoires of Grobei. A Monographic Essay on the Oeuvre of Nicolae Breban), Bucharest, Editura Didactică şi Pedagogică, „Akademos”, 1997, the 2nd edition, Bucharest, Editura Ideea Europeană, 2004
  • Liviu Maliţa, Nicolae Breban, micromonography, Braşov, Editura Aula, colecţia „Canon”, 2001
  • Dicţionarul scriitorilor români (The Dictionary of the Romanian Writers), edited by Mircea Zaciu, Marian Papahagi, Aurel Sasu, A-C, Bucharest, Editura Fundaţiei Culturale Române, 1995
  • Dicţionarul esenţial al scriitorilor români (The Essential Dictionary of the Romaniana Writers), Bucharest, Editura Albatros, 2000
  • Dicţionarul general al literaturii române (The General Dictionary of the Romanian Literature), edited by: Eugen Simion, A-B, Bucharest, Editura Univers Enciclopedic, 2004
  • Dicţionar analitic de opere literare româneşti (Analytical Dictionary of Romanian Literary Works), edited by: Ion Pop, final edition, Cluj, Casa Cărţii de Ştiinţă, 2007

References[edit]

External links[edit]