17 April 1769|
Rotterdam, Dutch Republic
|Died||3 August 1838
Nicolas-Jean Rouppe (in Dutch also: Nikolaas-Jan Rouppe) (17 April 1769 – 3 August 1838) was a Belgian liberal politician. He was the first burgomaster of Brussels after the Belgian independence in 1830.
Nicolas-Jean Rouppe was born in Rotterdam, and became a sub-deacon of the order of the Carmelites, but he broke radically with his faith in 1792, the day after Battle of Jemappes between the French revolutionary and Austrian armies on 6 November 1792. That year, he also provoked a riot by destroying the cross in the town hall of Leuven. Under the French occupation he became commissioner of the Dyle department. On 21 July 1803 he received Napoleon at the Castle of Laeken (Laeken).
After the Belgian revolution in 1830, he was a member of the national congress, later he became a member of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives. From 1830 up to 1838 he was burgomaster of Brussels. As the burgomaster of Brussels he receives the new king Leopold I of Belgium also at the Castle of Laeken on 21 July 1831, the day when Leopold swore allegiance to the Belgian constitution. Together with Pierre-Théodore Verhaegen, Nicolas-Jean Rouppe is also one of the initiators of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB).
- Du Bois, A., Les bourgmestres de Bruxelles, in : Revue de Belgique, April 1896, p. 365-396.
- Spreutels, J.-P., Une bonne action de Nicolas Rouppe sous l'occupation française, in : Cahiers Bruxellois, XIX, 1974, p. 84-85.
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