Nicolas Gédoyn (15 June 1677 – 10 August 1744) was a French clergyman, translator, pioneer educationalist and literary critic. He was the fifth member elected to occupy seat 3 of the Académie française in 1719, and the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres in 1722
Gédoyn was born in Orléans. Trained by the Jesuits from the age of 15, he was appointed professor of rhetoric in Blois, then canon at the Sainte-Chapelle and Abbey Beaugency. Among his literary works are translations of Quintilian and Pausanias. He died in Beaugency.