Nicholas Goudanus (also de Gouda) (c.1517–1565) was a Dutch Jesuit and papal diplomat.
Goudanus went on a covert diplomatic mission, under instructions of the end of 1561 sent by Alfonso Salmeron, via Everard Mercurian. He arrived in Scotland on 5 July 1562, or landed earlier than that in Leith, having sailed in June. He was accompanied by Edmund Hay and Jean Rivat as interpreters, and had a meeting with Mary Queen of Scots, as papal legate, at Holyrood Palace. The Queen turned down a request to send Scottish representatives to the Council of Trent, then winding up. Only one of the Scottish bishops, Robert Crichton, was prepared to give him an interview; Henry Sinclair was instructed to meet Goudanus by the Queen, but refused.
The mission lasted to September 1562. Goudanus left the country with some difficulty, with William Crichton who had been the advance party, and who was a relation of Robert Crichton. His report to Diego Laynez was discouraging. One consequence of the mission was that six Scots were recruited to the Jesuits.
- Thomas M. McCoog (1996). The Society of Jesus in Ireland, Scotland, and England 1541-1588: "our Way of Proceeding?". BRILL. pp. 56–7. ISBN 978-90-04-10482-2. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- John Hungerford Pollen, Papal Negotiations with Mary, Queen of Scots: during her reign in Scotland 1561-1567 (1901), pp. lii–lvi; archive.org.
- Foggle, Janet P. "Hamilton, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12102. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Roberts, Alasdair. "Hay, Edmund". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12713. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Retha M. Warnicke (24 March 2006). Mary Queen of Scots. Taylor & Francis. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-415-29182-8. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- John Dowden, John Maitland Thomson (editor), The Bishops of Scotland: being notes on the lives of all the bishops, under each of the sees, prior to the reformation (1912), p. 94; archive.org.
- "Hay". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- "Crichton, William (fl.1615)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Jenny Wormald (4 May 2001). Mary, Queen of Scots: Politics, Passion and a Kingdom Lost. Tauris Parke Paperbacks. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-86064-588-4. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- "History of the Jesuits Before the 1773 Suppression". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.