Nicolaus Taurellus

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Nicolaus Taurellus

Nicolaus Taurellus (Latin, from German: Nikolaus Öchslin[1][2]) (November 26, 1547 – September 28, 1606) was a German philosopher and theologian.

Life[edit]

He was born in the County of Mömpelgard, then part of the Duchy of Württemberg. With support from Duke Georg I. of Württemberg-Mömpelgard, he read theology at University of Tübingen and medicine at the University of Basel, where he lectured on physical science. He subsequently became professor of medicine at the University of Altdorf. [3] There he died in 1606 from the plague, despite treatment by Ernst Soner.

He attacked the dominant Aristotelianism of the time, and endeavoured to construct a philosophy which should harmonize faith and knowledge, and bridge over the chasm made by the first Renaissance writers who followed Pomponazzi. Scholasticism he condemned on account of its unquestioning submission to Aristotle. Taurellus maintained the necessity of going back to Christianity itself, as at once the superstructure and the justification of philosophy.[3]

His chief works were Philosophiae Triumphus (1573); Synopsis Melaphysicae Aristolelis (1596); De Rerum Aeternitate (1604); and a treatise written in criticism of Caesalpinus entitled Caesae Alpes (1597). See Schmid-Schwarzenburg, Nicolaus Taurellus (1860 and 1864).[3]

Work[edit]

  • Theses Philosophicae, De Ortu Rationalis Animae. Nürnberg: Kauffmann, 1596. at Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel
  • Philosophiae triumphus seu metaphysica philosophandi methodus. Basel 1573.
  • Medicae praedictionis methodus. Frankfurt, 1581.
  • Carmina Funebria, Quae Magnorum Aliquot, Clarorumque virorum felici memoriae dicavit. Nürnberg: Lochner, 1602. at Universität Mannheim
  • Emblemata Physico-Ethica, Hoc Est: naturae morum moderatricis picta præcepta. Nürnberg: Halbmayer, 1617. Mikrofiche-Ausgabe Zug: IDC, 1981.
  • Tavrellvs Defensvs : H. E. Iac. Wilh. Feverlini ... Dissertatio Apologetica Pro Nic. Tavrello ... Atheismi Et Deismi Iniuste Accusato. Nürnberg: Schmid, 1734. CD-ROM-Ausgabe, Mannheim: Univ.-Bibl., 2007 (Zusammen mit Jakob Wilhelm Feuerlein).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Herbert Jaumann: Handbuch Gelehrtenkultur der Frühen Neuzeit: Bio-bibliographisches Repertorium, Band 1, Walter de Gruyter, 2004, ISBN 3-11-016069-2, ISBN 978-3-11-016069-7 S. 647
  2. ^ in 19th century translated to French as Nicolas Tourot. No Google Book hit before 1859
  3. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Taurellus, Nicolaus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

References[edit]

  • Melchior Adam: Vitae Germanorum medicorum qui seculo superiori, et quod excurrit, claruerunt congestae & ad annum usque MDCXX deductae a Melchiore Adamo. Heidelberg: Rosa, 1620. Mikrofilm-Ausgabe New Haven, Conn.: Research Publications, 1973.
  • Magnus Daniel Omeis: Gloria Academiae Altdorfinae sive Orationum Fasciculus Universitatis Noricae Ortum, Progressum & cuncta Memorabilia, omniumq[ue] Professorum, qui in quatuor, uti vocant, Facultatibus, a primis eam ornarunt incunabulis, Vitas, Mortes ac Scripta, exhibens. Altdorf, 1683
  • Paul Freher: Theatrum virorum eruditione clarorum. Nürnberg: Hoffmann, 1688, S. 1320
  • Konrad Lengenfelder: Die Emblemata der Hohen Schule zu Altdorf, in Altnürnberger Landschaft Mitteilungen 26, 1977, 13–20
  • Stefan Folaron: Philosophie der Menschenwürde nach Nikolaus Taurellus. Częstochowa: Wydawn. WSP, 2002. ISBN 83-7098-730-3

External links[edit]