Nicotiana sylvestris

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Nicotiana sylvestris
Nicotiana sylvestris Prague 2013 3.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Nicotiana
Species: N. sylvestris
Binomial name
Nicotiana sylvestris
Speg. & Comes

Nicotiana sylvestris is a species of the genus Nicotiana, known by the common names woodland tobacco, flowering tobacco, and South American tobacco. It is a perennial plant, native to South America, and is often grown in gardens for its scented flowers. As it is not hardy, in temperate climates it is best grown as a biennial. The scent is strongest at night, so as to attract pollinating moths. The leaves are simple, somewhat sticky, with the blade partially surrounding the stem (clasping petiole). Flowers are produced on many-branched stems.[1] The flowers are tubular, white, borne in large clusters above the foliage. Flowers can be over 7 cm long with a face 2 cm wide. Each flower eventually produces a large quantity of small seeds.

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2]

This plant is thought to be one of the parents of Nicotiana tabacum, the plant used in modern tobacco production.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  2. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Nicotiana sylvestris". Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Kawashima, N. 1976. Origin of Nicotiana tabacum detected by primary structure of fraction I protein. Biochim Biophys Acta 427(1):70-7.

External links[edit]