Niederönz

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Niederönz
Coat of arms of Niederönz
Coat of arms
Niederönz is located in Switzerland
Niederönz
Niederönz
Coordinates: 47°11′N 7°41′E / 47.183°N 7.683°E / 47.183; 7.683Coordinates: 47°11′N 7°41′E / 47.183°N 7.683°E / 47.183; 7.683
Country Switzerland
Canton Bern
District Oberaargau
Area[1]
 • Total 2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi)
Elevation 460 m (1,510 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 1,548
 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Postal code 3362
SFOS number 0982
Surrounded by Aeschi (SO), Bolken (SO), Herzogenbuchsee, Inkwil, Oberönz, Röthenbach bei Herzogenbuchsee, Wanzwil
Website www.niederoenz.ch
SFSO statistics

Niederönz is a municipality in the Oberaargau administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Niederönz is first mentioned in 1246 as Onza.[3]

Geography[edit]

Niederönz has an area, as of 2009, of 2.8 square kilometers (1.1 sq mi). Of this area, 1.48 km2 (0.57 sq mi) or 52.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.82 km2 (0.32 sq mi) or 29.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.46 km2 (0.18 sq mi) or 16.4% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.4% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.4% is unproductive land.[4]

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 2.5% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 8.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 4.6%. Out of the forested land, 26.8% of the total land area is heavily forested and 2.5% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 31.4% is used for growing crops and 19.3% is pastures, while 2.1% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.[4]

The municipality is located along the Önz river. It includes the village sections of Dörfli, Fluhacker and Wiese.

Demographics[edit]

Niederönz has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 1,548.[2] As of 2007, 6.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (91.9%), with Italian being second most common ( 2.7%) and Turkish being third ( 1.8%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 36.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (20.1%), the FDP (15.4%) and the Green Party (9.1%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 23.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 62.2% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 14%. In Niederönz about 76.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Niederönz has an unemployment rate of 0.96%. As of 2005, there were 37 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 12 businesses involved in this sector. 598 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 21 businesses in this sector. 146 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 34 businesses in this sector.[5] The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1764 185
1850 435
1900 446
1950 574
2000 1,410

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Niederönz in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 21-Jul-2009

External links[edit]