|• Total||6.85 km2 (2.64 sq mi)|
|Elevation||505 m (1,657 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Otelfingen, Schleinikon, Schneisingen (AG), Siglistorf (AG), Unterehrendingen (AG), Wettingen (AG)|
Niederweningen is first mentioned between 1096 and 1111 as Waningen. In 1269 it was mentioned as Nidirunweningin.
The railway reached Niederweningen in 1891 with the opening of the Swiss Northeastern Railway's Wehntal line. The line was extended by a further 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) to its current terminus in 1938.
Niederweningen has an area of 6.9 km2 (2.7 sq mi). Of this area, 48.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 38.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 13.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality stretches along the Surb river through the Wehntal from the northern edge of the Lägern ridge to the new housing developments on the southern face of the Egg.
Niederweningen has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 2,787. As of 2007[update], 11.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 37.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (90.8%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.7%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 1.4%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 27% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 64.9% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 8.1%. In Niederweningen about 83.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
Niederweningen has an unemployment rate of 2.01%. As of 2005[update], there were 54 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 22 businesses involved in this sector. 453 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 13 businesses in this sector. 233 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 66 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the following table:
Niederweningen is home the Mammoth Museum (Mammut Museum). In 1890, workers building the railroad through the valley discovered mammoth bones, which were housed in the Zoological Museum in Zurich. In 2003 a 34,000 year old complete mammoth skeleton was discovered not far from the 1890 site. In 2005 a museum was established in Niederweningen to house the skeletons. While parts of at least 9 skeletons were discovered, the museum houses only one complete skeleton. The museum also includes displays of other ice age animals and artifacts from more recent human settlements.
Niederweningen is served by two railway stations. Niederweningen railway station is a terminal station of the Zürich S-Bahn on the lines S5 and S55 and is a 35 minute ride from Zürich Hauptbahnhof. Niederweningen Dorf railway station is one stop down the line towards Zurich, and is served by the same trains.
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 11 March 2014
- Niederweningen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Wanner, R; Frei, S (May 2010). "Die Eisenbahn im Wehntal und im Surbtal – Teil 1: Wehntal". Eisenbahn Amateur (in German) (Schweizerischer Verband Eisenbahn-Amateur). pp. 250–259.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 03-Aug-2009
- Brief Description of the museum accessed 3 August 2009
-  (German)
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