John Rudolph Niernsee
|John Rudolph Niernsee|
|Buildings||South Carolina State House|
|Projects||Baltimore and Ohio Railroad structures|
He was born as Johann Rudolph Niernsee in Vienna, Austria and immigrated to the United States in 1837, at age 22. He apprenticed to Benjamin Henry Latrobe, II, engineer and manager at the B&O and other railroads. In 1847, with James Crawford Neilson, he formed the Niernsee & Neilson architectural firm that largely served the B&O Railroad.
He is credited with having mentored Ephraim Francis Baldwin, a Maryland architect who also designed buildings for the B&O.
Works by Niernsee or by the firm (with attribution) are:
- The Green Mount Cemetery hilltop chapel, in Baltimore, Maryland, which he designed with Nielsen, is a Gothic Revival work.
- Baltimore's Johns Hopkins Hospital and the Johns Hopkins Colored Children Orphan Asylum.
- 1855-56: St. John the Evangelist Roman Catholic Church (by Niernsee & Neilson), Baltimore. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1982.
- 1855: Saint Paul's Church, 102 N. Union St., Petersburg, Virginia (Niernsee & Neilson), NRHP-listed.
- c. 1855, Villa Anneslie, 529 Dunkirk Rd. Towson, Maryland (Niernsee, John Rudolph), NRHP-listed.
- 1868: Aigburth Vale, in Towson (by Niernsee & Neilson), listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1999.
- 1870: Churchville Presbyterian Church (Italianate clock tower by Niernsee & Neilson), Churchville, Maryland, listed on the NRHP in 1986.
- ca. 1870: Clifton Park, Baltimore (by Niernsee & Neilson), listed on the NRHP in 2007.
- The Greek Revival South Carolina State House, in Columbia, is another National Historic Landmark building which Niernsee designed, c. 1851, although full implementation was delayed. From 1888 to 1891, a time when much of the interior work was completed, it was in fact Niernsee’s son, Frank McHenry Niernsee, who served as architect. NRHP-listed.
- The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shops which he designed with engineer Albert Fink, were declared a National Historic Landmark in 2003.
Not in date order:
- Church of the Most Holy Trinity, 720 Telfair St., Augusta, Georgia (Niernsee, John Rudolph), NRHP-listed
- One or more works in Edgefield Historic District, located along both sides of U.S. Highway 25 through the town of Edgefield, South Carolina (Niernsee,John R.), NRHP-listed.
- Emmanuel Church, U.S. Highway 301, Port Conway, Virginia. (Niernsee & Neilson), NRHP-listed/
- Evergreen House, 4545 N. Charles St., Baltimore. (Niernsee & Nielson), NRHP-listed.
- Martin's Brandon Church, Virginia Highways 10 and 1201, Burrowsville. (Niernsee & Neilson), NRHP-listed.
- Mount Vernon Place United Methodist Church and Asbury House, 2-10 E. Mount Vernon Place, Baltimore, (Niernsee & Neilson), NRHP-listed.
Niernsee was buried at St. Peter's Catholic Church in Columbia, South Carolina.
- Michael Caplinger and John Bond (October, 2003). PDF (1.30 MB). National Park Service and PDF (5.00 MB)
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- Note: NRIS indicates that this was designed by Niernsee & Baldwin
- "Maryland Historical Trust". National Register of Historic Places: Aigburth Vale. Maryland Historical Trust. 2009-03-21.