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Location of the Nieuwe Republiek in Southern Africa (1884-1888)
|Currency||South African Pound|
Nieuwe Republiek ("New Republic") was a small boer state, which existed from 1884 to 1888 in Southern Africa.
The Niewe Republiek or legally Nieuwe Republiek Zuid Afrika (New Republic in Dutch) was a Boer Republic, the contemporary of Stellaland and Goshen, proclaimed on August 16 of 1884 with land donated by the Zulus through a treaty. The territory was part the old Boer Republic of Natalia. It had 13,600 km and the capital was Vryheid or Vrijheid (Freedom in Afrikaans or Dutch), alternative name of the state. The founder and president until its requested annexation by Transvaal on 20 July 1888 was Lucas Johannes Meijer ( 1846 - 1902 ), as Secretary of State acted in the same period Daniel Johannes Esselen ( 1851 - 1919 ).
After British and Boer had helped Dinuzulu defeat his rival Usibepu for succession of the Zulu throne, land and farming rights were granted to the Boers along the banks of the Mfolozi River. On August 5, 1884 the Boers formed the Nieuwe Republiek (New Republic) with Vryheid as its capital. After 1884 the Boers began to expel the Zulus occupied the land within the limits of the Republic. The Nieuwe Republiek was finally recognized by the British on October 22 of 1886 but the in a few months later the British annexed Zulu territory north of the river Thukela river (1887).
The Zulu revolt that followed, led by Dinizulu (June 1888) was defeated by the British and king Dinizulu was tried for high treason in Eshowe, and sentenced. The annexation of Zululand did not leave much hope for security in the Nieuwe Republiek against British imperialism. On July 20th of 1888 the New Republic was annexed by Transvaal on its own request, although enjoying considerable autonomy. The relations between the Boers and the Zulu were stable until the break-out of the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902).
In June 1900 the British forces entered Vryheid, the capital. AJ Shepstone, son of Sir Theophilus Shepstone, the former secretary of native affairs in Natal, was sent to the area and worked together with the official British military intelligence J. Roberts to mobilize some Zulus against the Boers, and had victory over the Boers in Schurweberg, near Vryheid. In March 1901 he declared martial law in the region. After the Second Boer War the territory was transferred to the Colony of Natal ( 1903 ).