Nievern

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Nievern
Coat of arms of Nievern
Coat of arms
Nievern   is located in Germany
Nievern
Nievern
Coordinates: 50°20′N 7°41′E / 50.333°N 7.683°E / 50.333; 7.683Coordinates: 50°20′N 7°41′E / 50.333°N 7.683°E / 50.333; 7.683
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
Municipal assoc. Bad Ems
Government
 • Mayor Franz Lehmler
Area
 • Total 4.29 km2 (1.66 sq mi)
Elevation 90 m (300 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 994
 • Density 230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 56132
Dialling codes 02603
Vehicle registration EMS
Website www.nievern.de

Nievern is a municipality in the district of Rhein-Lahn, in Rhineland-Palatinate, in western Germany.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located on the south shore of the river Lahn, at Kilometre 128, rising up to the hills of the Taunus mountains. The residential and commercial district of Maaracker, about 1 km to the east, joins directly with the neighbouring town and district capital of Bad Ems. It is then clockwise surrounded by the neighbouring municipalities of Frücht, Miellen and Fachbach on the opposite shore of the Lahn river.

Traffic and infrastructure[edit]

Nievern is connected to the State Road B260 running up the Lahn valley from Lahnstein to Wiesbaden via a bridge crossing the river. Other roads connect to Bad Ems, Frücht and Miellen. The Lahn Valley cycle way runs through Fachbach on the opposite shore of the river. The Lahn Valley Railway passes through the village and operates a stop in the centre of the municipality.

History[edit]

The area of the modern municipality was incorporated into the Roman Empire by the first century AD and protected by the fortified frontier of the Limes, which ran across the Westerwald and Taunus mountains and crossed the Lahn river, the boundary between those, just 5 km to the east in the modern town centre of Bad Ems.

Nievern was first mentioned 1275 AD, although settlement has been suggested from around 900. It was owned by the family of the Von der Leyen since 1629 and then by the Duchy of Nassau since 1806.

During the Second World War, the nearby ironwork Nieverner Hütte, located on an island in the river, served as a production facility for munitions. Bombing raids on the factory and the nearby strategically important cities of Koblenz, Lahnstein and Nassau caused minor destruction and casualties due to accidental collateral damages in the village. Shortly before the municipality was liberated by the U.S. Army on 25 March 1945, the Wehrmacht destroyed both the rail bridge connecting the Lahntalbahn to the ironwork and the first road bridge connecting Nievern with Fachbach dating from 1928. The latter was rebuilt shortly after the war.[2]

Sons and Daughters of the Town[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden am 31.12.2012". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2013. 
  2. ^ van Ackern, G. et al. (1997): Nievern. The inhabitants and their history